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Andersson, Isabell
Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Spak, U. & Andersson, I. (2018). Design logic in practice: a method to extract design criteria for future C2 systems. In: David Alberts (Ed.), Proceedings of the 23rd International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): Multi-Domain C2. Paper presented at 23rd International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS), 6-9 November, Pensacola, FL, USA. International Command and Control Institute, Track 3, Article ID 61.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design logic in practice: a method to extract design criteria for future C2 systems
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 23rd International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): Multi-Domain C2 / [ed] David Alberts, International Command and Control Institute , 2018, Vol. Track 3, article id 61Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The world we live in is a complex system tinged with constant change. In order to cope with this fact, a defense mission system needs to adapt to these challenges. The command and control (C2) system is the component of the defense mission system that is our system of interest, our unit of analysis, in this paper. We present a first attempt to use a method based on design logic complemented with scenario driven exercises, to extract requirements and more fine-grained design criteria to enhance design of future C2 systems.

As a starting point, three scenarios were developed that intended to reflect key features of future potential conflicts. A number of subject matter experts (SMEs) participated representing strategic, operational and tactical levels of command. The SMEs were asked to state their C2 requirements in each of the scenarios. The resulting set of C2 requirements were analyzed to find design criteria pertaining to the general C2 functions (Data Providing, Orientation, Planning, Influence, and Communication) in Brehmer´s design-logic hierarchy (Purpose, Function and Form). The results indicate that the method can be usefull to find requirements and design criteria for future C2-systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Command and Control Institute, 2018
Series
International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS) Proceedings, E-ISSN 2577-1604
Keywords
command and control, C2 system, method, design, functions, design criteria, requirements, scenario
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8256 (URN)978-0-9997246-1-3 (ISBN)
Conference
23rd International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS), 6-9 November, Pensacola, FL, USA
Projects
Fot, Militära professionen, Ledningsvetenskap
Funder
Swedish Armed Forces
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved
Andersson, I. (2016). Dynamisk operationsvärdering. In: Isabell Andersson (Ed.), Operativ ledning: Slutrapport 2013-2015. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dynamisk operationsvärdering
2016 (Swedish)In: Operativ ledning: Slutrapport 2013-2015 / [ed] Isabell Andersson, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2016
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6531 (URN)
Projects
Operativ ledning
Note

Rapport

Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2017-06-14Bibliographically approved
Andersson, I. & Spak, U. (2016). Krav och designkriterier gällande framtida ledningssystem. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Krav och designkriterier gällande framtida ledningssystem
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2016
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6544 (URN)
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2017-01-17Bibliographically approved
Andersson, I. (2016). Operations assessment: focus on reality rather than the plan. In: 21st International Command and Control Reserach and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): C2 in a Complex Connected Battlespace. Paper presented at 21th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS), 6-8 September, London, UK. International Command and Control Institute, Topic 2, Article ID 056.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Operations assessment: focus on reality rather than the plan
2016 (English)In: 21st International Command and Control Reserach and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): C2 in a Complex Connected Battlespace, International Command and Control Institute , 2016, Vol. Topic 2, article id 056Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Since no plan survives contact with reality, during the execution of a military operation it might be necessary to re-plan the operation. In order to decide whether, and when, re-planning should be initiated a feedback process is needed that provides the commander with information about the progress of the operation, and an assessment of whether the operation is leading towards the overarching goals or not. The operations assessment process is part of such a feedback process.

The current method (in e.g. NATO) operations assessment is focused on the accomplishment of planned actions and on the effects in the operational environment system. A data collection plan is established during development of the operational plan which specifies which and how data should be collected. Thus the “questions” the operations assessment process poses towards the environment are tightly connected to critical elements of the operational plan.

If the plan, however, starts to become obsolete due to unforeseen changes in the operational environment, there might be a risk that the assessment process, grounded in the plan, neglects information that is critical for decisions about re-planning. This paper suggests an alternative approach to operations assessment that is based on an idea of separating the operations assessment plan from the operational plan. Such a separation would focus the assessment process on the evolving operational environment, thus reducing the risk that unanticipated threats, or opportunities, will be overlooked and re-planning is overdue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Command and Control Institute, 2016
Keywords
operations assessment, execution, feedback
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6527 (URN)
Conference
21th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS), 6-8 September, London, UK
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2017-06-14Bibliographically approved
Andersson, I. (Ed.). (2016). Operativ ledning: Slutrapport 2013-2015. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Operativ ledning: Slutrapport 2013-2015
2016 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2016. p. 262
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6534 (URN)
Projects
Operativ ledning
Note

Samling av rapporter

Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Andersson, I. & Kuylenstierna, J. (2016). Utvärdering av MSB Operativt beslutsstöd, ver 0.7: - Upplevd användbarhet i ett aktörsinternt scenario med oerfarna användare - Kompatibilitet med Försvarsmaktens Svensk planerings- och ledningsmetod.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utvärdering av MSB Operativt beslutsstöd, ver 0.7: - Upplevd användbarhet i ett aktörsinternt scenario med oerfarna användare - Kompatibilitet med Försvarsmaktens Svensk planerings- och ledningsmetod
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Som komplement till Gemensamma grunder för samverkan och ledning vid samhällsstörningar har MSB tagit fram ett beslutsstöd, Operativt beslutsstöd, som är tänkt att hjälpa beslutsfattare att besluta hur resurser ska prioriteras vid samhällsstörningar. Beslutsstödet ska kunna användas av alla aktörer som bidrar till att hantera samhällsstörningar, både aktörsgemensamt och aktörsinternt, och är tänkt att kunna användas med eller utan kvalificerad operativ vana. Beslutsstödet är av typen checklista och består av fem huvudsteg, med tillhörande delfrågor. Rapporten redovisar en utvärdering av ett utkast till beslutsstödet (Operativt beslutsstöd, UTKAST version 0.7) med avseende på beslutsstödets lättillgänglighet och användbarhet, samt med avseende på beslutsstödets kompatibilitet med Försvarsmaktens motsvarighet. Rapporten riktar sig främst till de som deltar i utvecklingen av beslutsstödet.

Beslutsstödets lättillgänglighet och användbarhet undersöktes genom att användare utan operativ vana eller utbildning i att använda stödet nyttjade stödet för att fatta beslut om prioriteringar i ett fiktivt scenario. Elva grupper om två eller tre studenter deltog i undersökningen. Deltagarna fick ange om de använde alla steg i stödet för att lösa uppgiften eller om de avvek från stödet i något fall och då om orsaken till detta. De skattade även olika aspekter av beslutsprocessen. Resultaten tyder på att beslutsstödet var såväl användbart som lättillgängligt.

Beslutsstödets kompatibilitet med Försvarsmaktens motsvarighet på operativ nivå, Svensk planerings- och ledningsmetod (SPL) undersöktes genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra officerare med omfattande kunskap om SPL. Resultaten tyder på att beslutsstödet är kompatibelt med SPL.

Förutom dessa huvudresultat framkom ett antal synpunkter och förbättringsförlag rörande beslutsstödet i dess nuvarande form. 

Publisher
p. 40
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6542 (URN)
Note

Rapport genomförd på beställning av MSB.

Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
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