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Winther, Pontus
Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Winther, P. (2019). International Humanitarian Law and Influence Operations: The Protection of Civilians from Unlawful Communication Influence Activities during Armed Conflict. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International Humanitarian Law and Influence Operations: The Protection of Civilians from Unlawful Communication Influence Activities during Armed Conflict
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary armed conflicts are not only fought with physical means and methods. Increasingly, in order to achieve military and political objectives, parties to armed conflicts use communication activities to influence individuals. Armed groups such as ISIS use online propaganda to instil terror and recruit new fighters to their cause. In Syria and other conflict zones, medical personnel, aid workers and journalists are subjected to verbal threats and other types of intimidation. In the conflict in Eastern Ukraine, politicians are publicly discredited by having their pictures displayed on electronic billboards and being labelled as war criminals, while civilians are misled by false messages into assisting the opposing party with identifying targets for artillery fire.

At the same time, communication is also used to increase the security for civilians in armed conflict. For example, parties to armed conflicts have an obligation to issue warnings before launching attacks on military objectives that may affect the civilian population. Thus, although communication activities can be used to increase security for civilians in armed conflict, they may also cause physical and mental harm to civilians.

This prompts a question of law: Where does the boundary lie between prohibited and lawful use of communication activities as a means of influencing civilians in armed conflict? The purpose of this thesis is to answer this question. It sets out to examine what protection international humanitarian law provides civilians in armed conflict in relation to communication influence activities.

In the thesis, it is suggested that international humanitarian law contains a substantial—albeit fragmented—body of principles and provisions protecting civilians from harmful communication influence activities. It is further suggested that, in order to correctly define this protection, the material, personal, geographical and temporal scope of application of international humanitarian law must be properly taken into consideration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2019. p. 424
Keywords
international humanitarian law, IHL, Geneva Conventions, laws of armed conflict, LoAC, international law, armed conflict, international armed conflict, IAC, non-international armed conflict, NIAC, occupation, civilians, civilian population, communication influence activities, influence operations, psychological operations, threat, coercion, compulsion, humane treatment, outrages upon personal dignity, cruel treatment, inhuman treatment, mental torture
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Public International Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8740 (URN)978-91-506-2782-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-09-24, Brusewitzsalen, Gamla torget 6, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-03 Created: 2019-09-03Bibliographically approved
Winther, P. (2016). Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen och möjligheterna att möta påverkanskampanjer från främmande makt: Delrapport 2 (2016) på uppdrag av Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen och möjligheterna att möta påverkanskampanjer från främmande makt: Delrapport 2 (2016) på uppdrag av Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Delstudien Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen och möjligheterna att möta påverkan från främmande makt redogör övergripande för de möjligheter och begränsningar som yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen innebär för svenska myndigheter och andra allmänna organ att möta främmande påverkanskampanjer. Delstudien är den andra i studien Möta påverkan, som beställts av Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2016. p. 35
Keywords
freedom of speech act, freedom of speech, influence, inflyence campaign, influence operation, Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen, yttrandefrihet, påverkanskampanj, påverkansoperation, påverkan
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6416 (URN)
Projects
Möta påverkan
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2018-03-08Bibliographically approved
Winther, P. & Appelgren, J. (2013). Lessons Identified Operation Atalanta.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lessons Identified Operation Atalanta
2013 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 26
Keywords
Atalanta, sjöröveri, mänskliga rättigheter, frihetsberövande
National Category
Social Sciences Law and Society
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-3005 (URN)
Available from: 2012-12-06 Created: 2012-12-06 Last updated: 2013-01-07Bibliographically approved
Winther, P. (2011). Några rättsliga aspekter på strategiska psykologiska operationer.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Några rättsliga aspekter på strategiska psykologiska operationer
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 11
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2356 (URN)
Available from: 2012-01-09 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2013-01-17Bibliographically approved
Winther, P. (2010). Folkrättslig reglering av användandet av bländande laser.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Folkrättslig reglering av användandet av bländande laser
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 44
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2469 (URN)
Available from: 2012-01-13 Created: 2012-01-13 Last updated: 2012-01-13Bibliographically approved
Winther, P. (2010). Rättslig reglering av psykologiska operationer i nationella insatser.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rättslig reglering av psykologiska operationer i nationella insatser
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 24
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2460 (URN)
Available from: 2012-01-11 Created: 2012-01-11 Last updated: 2012-01-13Bibliographically approved
Winther, P. (2009). Komparativ studie av Rules of Engagement i några utvalda insatser. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Komparativ studie av Rules of Engagement i några utvalda insatser
2009 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan, 2009. p. 18
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-565 (URN)
Available from: 2010-03-19 Created: 2010-03-19 Last updated: 2013-08-13Bibliographically approved
Winther, P. (2009). Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan.: Delrapport 2 svensk rätt och mänskliga rättigheter.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan.: Delrapport 2 svensk rätt och mänskliga rättigheter
2009 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 30
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2457 (URN)
Available from: 2012-01-11 Created: 2012-01-11 Last updated: 2012-01-13Bibliographically approved
Winther, P. (2009). Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan: Delrapport 3 – värdlandets rätt.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan: Delrapport 3 – värdlandets rätt
2009 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 16
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2459 (URN)
Available from: 2012-01-11 Created: 2012-01-11 Last updated: 2013-01-17Bibliographically approved
Winther, P. (2008). Rules of Engagement i fredsfrämjande insatser – en översikt.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rules of Engagement i fredsfrämjande insatser – en översikt
2008 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 20
Series
International Law Centre Research Reports
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2462 (URN)
Available from: 2012-01-11 Created: 2012-01-11 Last updated: 2012-01-13Bibliographically approved
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