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Gustafson, Michael
Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Gustafson, M. (2016). Hybridkrigföring: nya utmaningar eller klassiska principer som vi redan förstår?. Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift (3), 161-170
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hybridkrigföring: nya utmaningar eller klassiska principer som vi redan förstår?
2016 (Swedish)In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 161-170Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6475 (URN)
Available from: 2017-01-10 Created: 2017-01-10 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Brandow, C., Hyllengren, P., Johansson, E., Gustafson, M. & Larsson, G. (2014). Irreguljär krigföring: Ledarskapsutmaningar vid olika taktiktyper. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Irreguljär krigföring: Ledarskapsutmaningar vid olika taktiktyper
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2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2014. p. 19
Series
PM ISSL/LC ; 10-2014
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5230 (URN)
Available from: 2015-01-16 Created: 2015-01-16 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved
Gustafson, M. (2014). The Duality of Tactical Thought: A Study of how Swedish Land Forces’ Commanders view Tactics in Irregular Warfare. (Doctoral dissertation). Helsinki: National Defence University, Department of Tactics and Operational Art
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Duality of Tactical Thought: A Study of how Swedish Land Forces’ Commanders view Tactics in Irregular Warfare
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This is a sociological study of the views of officers in the Swedish Army and its Amphibious Forces on tactics in Irregular Warfare (IW), in particular, Counterinsurgency (COIN). IW comprises struggles, where the military weaker part uses an indirect approach with smaller units and integrates the civilian and military dimensions in a violence spectrum including subversion, terrorism, Guerrilla Warfare and infantry actions. IW is the main armed warfare style in insurgencies. COIN is the combined political, military, economic, social and legal actions in counter insurgencies.

Data has been collected by means of interviews with almost all (n =43) officers, who were either commanding battalions or rifle and manoeuvre companies while undergoing training for general warfare and international operations. The main theoretical and methodological inspiration is the traditional one for research on social fields, inaugurated by the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. The statistical technique used is Multiple Correspondence Analysis. As a background and context base, an inquiry inspired by the Begriffsgechichte (Conceptual History) tradition explores the genesis and development of understandings of the term Irregular Warfare. The research question is outlined as; “how can contemporary Swedish military thought on tactics in Irregular Warfare be characterized using descriptive patterns, mapped in relation to background factors and normative standards?

The most significant findings are that there are two main opposing notions separating the officers’ views on tactics in Irregular Warfare: (1) a focus on larger, combat oriented and collectively operating military units versus smaller and larger, more intelligence oriented and dispersed operating units, and (2) a focus on military tasks and kinetic effects versus military and civilian tasks as well as “soft” effects. The distribution of these views can be presented as a two-dimensional space structured by the two axes. This space represents four categories of tactics, partly diverging from normative military standards for Counterinsurgency. This social space of standpoints shows different structural tendencies for background factors of social and cultural character, particularly dominant concerning military backgrounds, international mission experiences and civilian education. Compared to military standards for Counterinsurgency, the two tactical types characterized by a Regular Warfare mind-set stands out as counter-normative.

Signs of creative thought on military practice and theory, as well as a still persistent Regular Warfare doxa are apparent. Power struggles might thus develop, effecting the transformation to a broadened warfare culture with an enhanced focus also on Irregular Warfare. The result does not support research results arguing for a convergence of military thought in the European transformation of Armed Forces. The main argument goes beyond tactics and suggests sociological analysis on reciprocal effects regarding strategy, operational art, tactics as well as leadership, concerning the mind-set and preferences for Regular, Irregular and Hybrid Warfare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: National Defence University, Department of Tactics and Operational Art, 2014. p. 276
Series
Series 1, ISSN 1238-2744 ; 3/2014
Keywords
Bourdieu, military thought, tactics, Irregular Warfare, Multiple Correspondence Analysis, field theory, sociology, War Studies
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5024 (URN)978-951-25-2604-8 (ISBN)978-951-25-2605-5 (ISBN)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-12-04 Created: 2014-12-04 Last updated: 2014-12-05Bibliographically approved
Gustafson, M. (2010). I Frank Kitsons fotspår. Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift (2), 64-91
Open this publication in new window or tab >>I Frank Kitsons fotspår
2010 (Swedish)In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 64-91Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien, 2010
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-970 (URN)
Available from: 2010-12-20 Created: 2010-12-20 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Gustafson, M. (2009). Modern Irregular Warfare and Counterinsurgency. Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift (1), 82-101
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modern Irregular Warfare and Counterinsurgency
2009 (English)In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 1, p. 82-101Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien, 2009
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-602 (URN)
Available from: 2010-03-30 Created: 2010-03-30 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Gustafson, M. (2009). Perspectives on War Studies and Irregular Warfare. Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift (2), 102-118
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives on War Studies and Irregular Warfare
2009 (Swedish)In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 102-118Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien, 2009
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-286 (URN)
Available from: 2010-02-15 Created: 2010-02-15 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Gustafson, M. (2008). Irregular Warfare and Counterinsurgency. Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift (5), 56-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Irregular Warfare and Counterinsurgency
2008 (Swedish)In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 5, p. 56-65Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien, 2008
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-283 (URN)
Available from: 2010-02-15 Created: 2010-02-15 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
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