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Hjorth, Ronnie, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8900-9148
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Hjorth, R. (2023). Varieties of International Pluralism. Journal of International Political Theory, 19(2), 183-199
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Varieties of International Pluralism
2023 (English)In: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 183-199Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper shows that while there seems to be more or less a general acceptance for plurality as a condition of world politics and at least a vague commitment to a pluralist ideal, the challenge remains to formulate a fruitful account of international pluralism. While dominating approaches to international theory present international pluralism as essentially a by-product and instrumental, this paper suggest an alternative way to conceive of international pluralism when defending the ancient concept variety as a better guide to approach both the understanding of plurality as the human condition and the notion of international pluralism. The paper concludes that it is preferable to accept a variety of pluralist conceptions rather than go on searching for a theoretical conception standing above the controversy; accepting pluralism in a sense involves rejecting just one version of pluralism.

Keywords
English school, Hannah Arendt, international pluralism, international theory, Michael Oakeshott
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11083 (URN)10.1177/17550882221115456 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-10-03 Created: 2022-10-03 Last updated: 2024-01-12Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2022). Kelsen's Legal Logic of International Pluralism. Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft/Austrian Journal of Political Science, 51(3), 62-71
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kelsen's Legal Logic of International Pluralism
2022 (English)In: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft/Austrian Journal of Political Science, ISSN 1615-5548, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 62-71Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a Kelsenian perspective on international pluralism showing that international pluralism is not necessarilythe logical consequence of sovereignty but bestowed upon states by international law through the principle of equality. Thepaper argues that this leads to an improved concept of international pluralism as more than a by-product of sovereignty logic.Flowing from Kelsenian legal logic, international pluralism and legal cosmopolitanism share the same origin in theGrundnorm.Hence, this perspective on international relations appeases the perceived conflict between international pluralism andcosmopolitanism. Moreover, the paper suggests that the approach provides a different framework for analyzing internationalnorms and practices, their normative relationship and evolution

Abstract [de]

Dieser Beitrag ist eine Kelsen’sche Perspektive des internationalen Pluralismus. Das Argument ist zweierlei: dass derinternationale Pluralismus nicht notwendigerweise die logische Folge der Souveränität ist, sondern den Staaten durch dasinternationale Recht aufgrund des Gleichheitsgrundsatzes verliehen wird; und zweitens, dass dies zu einem verbessertenKonzept des internationalen Pluralismus führt, welches mehr ist als ein Nebenprodukt der Souveränitätslogik. Ausgehend vonder Kelsen’sche Rechtslogik haben internationaler Pluralismus und rechtlicher Kosmopolitismus denselben Ursprung: in derGrundnorm. Dieser Kelsen’sche Blick auf die internationalen Beziehungen entschärft den Konflikt zwischen internationalemPluralismus und Kosmopolitismus. Darüber hinaus bietet dieser spezifische Ansatz einen anderen Rahmen für die Analyseinternationaler Normen und Praktiken, ihrer normativen Beziehungen und ihrer Entwicklung

Keywords
Hans Kelsen, International Pluralism, Legal Cosmopolitanism, International Relations Theory, International Law
National Category
Political Science Law
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11085 (URN)10.15203/ozp.3804.vol51iss3 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-10-03 Created: 2022-10-03 Last updated: 2022-10-04Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. & Britz, M. (2021). Amerikansk strategisk återhållsamhet och europeisk strategisk respons – tre typer av strategisk respons mot bakgrund av Brexit. Internasjonal Politikk, 79(2), 114-131
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Amerikansk strategisk återhållsamhet och europeisk strategisk respons – tre typer av strategisk respons mot bakgrund av Brexit
2021 (Swedish)In: Internasjonal Politikk, ISSN 0020-577X, E-ISSN 1891-1757, Vol. 79, no 2, p. 114-131Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Den här artikeln identifierar och analyserar tre olika reaktioner, i artikeln benämnda »strategisk respons», på amerikansk strategisk återhållsamhet sedan 2017 och mot bakgrund av Brexit: »Liberal övervintring», »Ett starkare Europa» och »En bredare koalition». Analysen kopplar strategisk respons, strategiskt aktörskap och strategisk autonomi och leder till två slutsatser: För det första att Brexit snararare har gynnat än hindrat det europeiska säkerhets- och försvarssamarbetet, såväl inom ramen för EU som mellan EU och stater som står utanför EU, däribland Storbritannien. För det andra att den framväxande säkerhetsordningen innebär nya och annorlunda förutsättningar för det säkerhets- och försvarspolitiska samarbetet i Europa, inte minst i Norden. 

Abstract [en]

This paper describes and analyses three types of European strategic response since the year 2017 by European governments and the EU in response to US strategic restraint and conditioned by Brexit. The three types of response we label “liberal wintering”, “a stronger Europe” and “a broader coalition”. The paper links strategic response to strategic agency and strategic autonomy leading on to two main conclusions: First, that Brexit has done more to promote than to restrain the development of European common security and defence, both within the EU and when involving nations outside of the EU, such as the UK. Second, that the new broader European security and defence structures open the door to new forms of cooperation, for example between the Nordic countries.

Keywords
brexit, European security, international relations, Nordic security, transatlantic security, brexit, europeisk säkerhet, internationell politik, nordisk säkerhet, transatlantisk säkerhet
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9931 (URN)10.23865/intpol.v79.2246 (DOI)000681469600001 ()
Available from: 2021-05-19 Created: 2021-05-19 Last updated: 2021-09-22Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2018). Civil Association Across Borders: Law, Morality and Responsibility in the Post-Brexit Era. Journal of International Political Theory, 14(3), 299-313
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Civil Association Across Borders: Law, Morality and Responsibility in the Post-Brexit Era
2018 (English)In: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 299-313Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Michael Oakeshott’s distinction between ‘civil association’ and ‘enterprise association’ has inspired international society theorists to conceive of international society as not just a ‘purposive association’ constructed by states to satisfy their interests but also as a ‘practical association’ providing formal and pragmatic rules that are not instrumental to particular goals of state policy. While this article is supportive of the Oakeshottian turn in international society theory, it suggests that somewhat different conclusions can be drawn from it. The article sketches out an alternative conception of international ‘civil association’, one that transcends the boundaries of communities. It is argued that such a notion of civil association is both possible and at the same time anchored in the experiences of the modern state. It is suggested that this notion of international civil association, when sustained by an adequate legal conception, promotes the enforcement of moral and political responsibility across borders. Finally, it is argued that European governments post-Brexit should strive to retain, as much as possible, the element of civil association present in European relations in order to preserve the civil condition, the rule of law, and in order to enhance political responsibility across borders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Brexit, civil association, international ethics, international relations theory, international society, Michael Oakshott, normative international theory
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8171 (URN)10.1177/1755088217752376 (DOI)000444425400003 ()
Available from: 2018-09-19 Created: 2018-09-19 Last updated: 2019-01-21Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2018). Förändrad amerikansk syn på krig och krigstillstånd sedan 2001: utrikes- och säkerhetspolitiska konsekvenser. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förändrad amerikansk syn på krig och krigstillstånd sedan 2001: utrikes- och säkerhetspolitiska konsekvenser
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2018. p. 21
Series
SOFFA-rapport
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8336 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-18 Created: 2019-01-18 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2018). Political Decay and Political Arcadianism. De Ethica, 5(1), 37-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political Decay and Political Arcadianism
2018 (English)In: De Ethica, ISSN 2001-8819, De Ethica, ISSN 2001-8819, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 37-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An account of evil in classical political theory is the concept of evil government. The notion of political decay from good to evil government or to anarchy, the absence of government, among classical political theorists represents both a moral and a political problem. This essay argues that political decay remains a perennial problem because the political condition itself involves the seeds to its own destruction. Moreover, it is claimed that the nostalgic longing to a glorious past for nations or peoples risks turning into what is here labelled ‘political arcadianism’, fostering futile attempts to return to past conditions. The argument is that political arcadianism when focusing on the imagined past rather than the present is a possible cause of political decay.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7444 (URN)10.3384/de-ethica.2001-8819.185137 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-05-17 Created: 2018-05-17 Last updated: 2021-09-06Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2017). State Civil Disobedience and International Society. Review of International Studies, 43(2), 330-344
Open this publication in new window or tab >>State Civil Disobedience and International Society
2017 (English)In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 330-344Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines the concept of State Civil Disobedience (SCD) in the context of international society. It is argued that SCD is problematic for several reasons. First, that SCD is extremely difficult to practice in an association such as international society, relying, as it does, a great deal on the policies and powers of a few dominating actors; second, that the unequal status of states makes SCD mainly an instrument of the strong, hence undermining not only the idea of civil disobedience as the strategy of the weak but also questioning the role of SCD within an international society based on the formal equality of states. It is concluded that the practice of SCD in international society requires an invigoration of international society as a moral association. A more practical alternative, it is argued, is to conceive of a limited concept of SCD confined largely to non-violent means and preferably practiced in order to resist legal anomalies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2017
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6497 (URN)10.1017/S0260210516000310 (DOI)000398518700007 ()
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2016). Metod: Vetenskaplig metod och forskarens frihet. In: Linus Hagström, Niklas Bremberg, Arita Holmberg (Ed.), Att forska: Praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen (pp. 143-163). Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metod: Vetenskaplig metod och forskarens frihet
2016 (Swedish)In: Att forska: Praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen / [ed] Linus Hagström, Niklas Bremberg, Arita Holmberg, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016, p. 143-163Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6499 (URN)9789173317696 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-01-13Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2016). "Om Brexit?" eller "Om inte Brexit?": Konsekvenser för transatlantisk säkerhet. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Om Brexit?" eller "Om inte Brexit?": Konsekvenser för transatlantisk säkerhet
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The starting point for this analysis is that there is no ’business as usual’ when considering the consequences of the Brexit referendum: there is either the question ’if Brexit?’ or the question ’if-not Brexit?’ because there is no turning around or comfortable retreat to established positions. Starting with an analysis of the British debate this ‘policy-brief paper’ looks at the consequences of the Brexit referendum for transatlantic security relations and in particular the consequences for Sweden. The most important arguments are, in brief: (1) That the value conflict inherent in the British debate, essentially between Eurosceptic nationalism and pro-EU integrationism, is mirrored in several European nations and remains a challenge to the EU; (2) that while Britain remains a European power regardless of the outcome of the referendum, the British geo-political outlook is differs from that of other European nations and will have to be taken into account when considering transatlantic security relations; (3) that NATO is likely to be even more important if Britain leaves the EU but that a strengthening of NATO’s European pillar is likely regardless of the outcome of the referendum, among other things because of US demands on European nations to improve their military capacity; (4) that Sweden in the case of Brexit is likely to lose influence over the development of European security cooperation in general but might nevertheless be able to gain in influence mainly as a result of Sweden’s geo-strategic position.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2016. p. 14
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6500 (URN)
Note

Rapport inom ramen för "Transatlantisk säkerhet" som ingår i Forskning för regeringens behov (FORBE)

Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-10-25Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2015). Humanitarian Intervention and Moral Responsibility. De Ethica: A Journal of Philosophical, Theological and Applied Ethics, 2(1), 19-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Humanitarian Intervention and Moral Responsibility
2015 (English)In: De Ethica: A Journal of Philosophical, Theological and Applied Ethics, ISSN 2001-8819, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 19-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This essay investigates the moral aspects of humanitarian intervention. Humanitarian intervention involves the balancing of at least three sometimes contradictory principles - the autnonomy of states, the prohibition of war and the reduction of harm and human suffering - and hence requires not merely a legal and political approach to the matter but renders a moral viewpoint necessary.  It is argued that P.F. Strawson's concept Moral Reactive Attitudes (MRA) contributes to analysing the moral dilemmas and priorities involved. First, MRA underlines the moral aspects of international society that are essential for dealing with the moral conflict inherent in international society. Secondly, MRA helps to balance between competing claims of justification and legitimacy in cases of humanitarian intervention.

Keywords
Humanitarian Intervention, International Society, Moral Reactive Attitudes, P.F. Strawson, International Ethics, Global Ethics
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5390 (URN)10.3384/de-ethica.2001-8819.152119 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-05-06 Created: 2015-05-06 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8900-9148

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