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Hjorth, Ronnie, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8900-9148
Publications (9 of 9) Show all publications
Hjorth, R. (2018). Civil Association Across Borders: Law, Morality and Responsibility in the Post-Brexit Era. Journal of International Political Theory, 14(3), 299-313
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Civil Association Across Borders: Law, Morality and Responsibility in the Post-Brexit Era
2018 (English)In: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 299-313Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Michael Oakeshott’s distinction between ‘civil association’ and ‘enterprise association’ has inspired international society theorists to conceive of international society as not just a ‘purposive association’ constructed by states to satisfy their interests but also as a ‘practical association’ providing formal and pragmatic rules that are not instrumental to particular goals of state policy. While this article is supportive of the Oakeshottian turn in international society theory, it suggests that somewhat different conclusions can be drawn from it. The article sketches out an alternative conception of international ‘civil association’, one that transcends the boundaries of communities. It is argued that such a notion of civil association is both possible and at the same time anchored in the experiences of the modern state. It is suggested that this notion of international civil association, when sustained by an adequate legal conception, promotes the enforcement of moral and political responsibility across borders. Finally, it is argued that European governments post-Brexit should strive to retain, as much as possible, the element of civil association present in European relations in order to preserve the civil condition, the rule of law, and in order to enhance political responsibility across borders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Brexit, civil association, international ethics, international relations theory, international society, Michael Oakshott, normative international theory
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8171 (URN)10.1177/1755088217752376 (DOI)000444425400003 ()
Available from: 2018-09-19 Created: 2018-09-19 Last updated: 2019-01-21Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2018). Förändrad amerikansk syn på krig och krigstillstånd sedan 2001: utrikes- och säkerhetspolitiska konsekvenser. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förändrad amerikansk syn på krig och krigstillstånd sedan 2001: utrikes- och säkerhetspolitiska konsekvenser
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2018. p. 21
Series
SOFFA-rapport
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8336 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-18 Created: 2019-01-18 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2018). Political Decay and Political Arcadianism. De Ethica, 5(1), 37-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political Decay and Political Arcadianism
2018 (English)In: De Ethica, ISSN 1854-3405, E-ISSN 2001-8819, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 37-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An account of evil in classical political theory is the concept of evil government. The notion of political decay from good to evil government or to anarchy, the absence of government, among classical political theorists represents both a moral and a political problem. This essay argues that political decay remains a perennial problem because the political condition itself involves the seeds to its own destruction. Moreover, it is claimed that the nostalgic longing to a glorious past for nations or peoples risks turning into what is here labelled ‘political arcadianism’, fostering futile attempts to return to past conditions. The argument is that political arcadianism when focusing on the imagined past rather than the present is a possible cause of political decay.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7444 (URN)10.3384/de-ethica.2001-8819.185137 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-05-17 Created: 2018-05-17 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2017). State Civil Disobedience and International Society. Review of International Studies, 43(2), 330-344
Open this publication in new window or tab >>State Civil Disobedience and International Society
2017 (English)In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 330-344Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines the concept of State Civil Disobedience (SCD) in the context of international society. It is argued that SCD is problematic for several reasons. First, that SCD is extremely difficult to practice in an association such as international society, relying, as it does, a great deal on the policies and powers of a few dominating actors; second, that the unequal status of states makes SCD mainly an instrument of the strong, hence undermining not only the idea of civil disobedience as the strategy of the weak but also questioning the role of SCD within an international society based on the formal equality of states. It is concluded that the practice of SCD in international society requires an invigoration of international society as a moral association. A more practical alternative, it is argued, is to conceive of a limited concept of SCD confined largely to non-violent means and preferably practiced in order to resist legal anomalies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2017
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6497 (URN)10.1017/S0260210516000310 (DOI)000398518700007 ()
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2016). Metod: Vetenskaplig metod och forskarens frihet. In: Linus Hagström, Niklas Bremberg, Arita Holmberg (Ed.), Att forska: Praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen (pp. 143-163). Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metod: Vetenskaplig metod och forskarens frihet
2016 (Swedish)In: Att forska: Praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen / [ed] Linus Hagström, Niklas Bremberg, Arita Holmberg, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016, p. 143-163Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6499 (URN)9789173317696 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-01-13Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2016). "Om Brexit?" eller "Om inte Brexit?": Konsekvenser för transatlantisk säkerhet. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Om Brexit?" eller "Om inte Brexit?": Konsekvenser för transatlantisk säkerhet
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The starting point for this analysis is that there is no ’business as usual’ when considering the consequences of the Brexit referendum: there is either the question ’if Brexit?’ or the question ’if-not Brexit?’ because there is no turning around or comfortable retreat to established positions. Starting with an analysis of the British debate this ‘policy-brief paper’ looks at the consequences of the Brexit referendum for transatlantic security relations and in particular the consequences for Sweden. The most important arguments are, in brief: (1) That the value conflict inherent in the British debate, essentially between Eurosceptic nationalism and pro-EU integrationism, is mirrored in several European nations and remains a challenge to the EU; (2) that while Britain remains a European power regardless of the outcome of the referendum, the British geo-political outlook is differs from that of other European nations and will have to be taken into account when considering transatlantic security relations; (3) that NATO is likely to be even more important if Britain leaves the EU but that a strengthening of NATO’s European pillar is likely regardless of the outcome of the referendum, among other things because of US demands on European nations to improve their military capacity; (4) that Sweden in the case of Brexit is likely to lose influence over the development of European security cooperation in general but might nevertheless be able to gain in influence mainly as a result of Sweden’s geo-strategic position.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2016. p. 14
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6500 (URN)
Note

Rapport inom ramen för "Transatlantisk säkerhet" som ingår i Forskning för regeringens behov (FORBE)

Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-10-25Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2015). Humanitarian Intervention and Moral Responsibility. De Ethica: A Journal of Philosophical, Theological and Applied Ethics, 2(1), 19-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Humanitarian Intervention and Moral Responsibility
2015 (English)In: De Ethica: A Journal of Philosophical, Theological and Applied Ethics, ISSN 2001-8819, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 19-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This essay investigates the moral aspects of humanitarian intervention. Humanitarian intervention involves the balancing of at least three sometimes contradictory principles - the autnonomy of states, the prohibition of war and the reduction of harm and human suffering - and hence requires not merely a legal and political approach to the matter but renders a moral viewpoint necessary.  It is argued that P.F. Strawson's concept Moral Reactive Attitudes (MRA) contributes to analysing the moral dilemmas and priorities involved. First, MRA underlines the moral aspects of international society that are essential for dealing with the moral conflict inherent in international society. Secondly, MRA helps to balance between competing claims of justification and legitimacy in cases of humanitarian intervention.

Keywords
Humanitarian Intervention, International Society, Moral Reactive Attitudes, P.F. Strawson, International Ethics, Global Ethics
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5390 (URN)10.3384/de-ethica.2001-8819.152119 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-05-06 Created: 2015-05-06 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2014). Equality in International Society: A Reappraisal. Houndmills Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equality in International Society: A Reappraisal
2014 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The author re-examines the concept of equality in international society, past and present. The conventional view that equality of states necessarily flows from sovereignty, that it is a corollary to sovereignty or simply a synonym, is considered a contingent rather than a necessary contention. The main argument is that equality in global international society should be theorised anew, restoring the normative strength of the principle. It is shown how concepts of equality make intelligible different normative and ethical conceptions of the modern political space in the past. Drawing on the works of such diverse theorists as Hans Kelsen, Peter Singer, John Rawls and Michael Oakeshott, the author suggests how a renewed interest in equality contributes to making international society a more inclusive, egalitarian, and credible moral and political association.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Houndmills Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. p. 208
Series
Global Ethics Series
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4918 (URN)978-0-230-39315-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-10-29 Created: 2014-10-29 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved
Hjorth, R. (2014). The Poverty of Exceptionalism in International Theory. Journal of International Political Theory, 10(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Poverty of Exceptionalism in International Theory
2014 (English)In: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 10, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article is about the politics of ‘the exception’ and the role of ‘exceptionalism’ in contemporary international theory. The concept of ‘the exception’ was coined by Carl Schmitt and has in recent years become an inspiration for international relations theorists and foreign policy analysts, especially when engaging with issues such as great power politics, humanitarian intervention and the war against terrorism. It is concluded that attempts to apply Schmitt’s concept of ‘the exception’ seldom are persuasive and sometimes even contradictory to Schmitt’s theory. When dealt with out of context, ‘the exception’ becomes just an expression about something else. It is shown that there are other ways of handling the kind of political problem observed by Schmitt than what he and his followers are offering.

National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4334 (URN)
Available from: 2014-01-08 Created: 2014-01-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8900-9148

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