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Pettersson, Ulrica, P hD
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 20) Show all publications
Berg, E. & Pettersson, U. (2022). Resilience and Resistance in the Digital Age: Revisiting the Threshold Effect in Total Defence. Journal on Baltic Security, 8(2), 41-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Resilience and Resistance in the Digital Age: Revisiting the Threshold Effect in Total Defence
2022 (English)In: Journal on Baltic Security, ISSN 2382-9222, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 41-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For several years, the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF), M. Bydén, has acknowledged the significance of digital security threats (Bydén, 2017). Even now, he continues to stress the importance of taking such threats seriously; ‘Sweden is attacked everyday by means that harm our society today and in the more long-term. We are not in a military conflict on and about Swedish territory, but we are in a conflict about the values we want to uphold and interests we want to be handled in a democratic way’ (Dagens Nyheter, 2022).

Keywords
threshold, digital battlefield, small state, resilience
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11148 (URN)10.57767/jobs_2022_0013 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-11-21 Created: 2022-11-21 Last updated: 2022-12-07Bibliographically approved
Ilis-Alm, H. & Pettersson, U. (2022). Resistance Operations: Challenges and Opportunities for Special Operations Forces. Journal on Baltic Security, 8(1), 77-94
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Resistance Operations: Challenges and Opportunities for Special Operations Forces
2022 (English)In: Journal on Baltic Security, ISSN 2382-9222, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 77-94Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article aims to discuss how a state could best use its resources in resisting an aggressor when joint operations have failed. Focusing on the potential role of special operations forces (SOF) in resistance operations, the article examines scenarios where small states are attacked by a superior opponent. Based on the example of Sweden, currently still a militarily non-aligned country that nevertheless has adopted a security policy based on cooperation with other states, we explore how a small state not belonging to NATO might plan and prepare for alternative scenarios. Not being covered by Article 5, Sweden needs to be prepared to fight the war on its own. A better, but less likely, scenario would be fighting together with partners, at home, or in the near abroad. Since Ukraine shares similarities with Sweden in terms of its status as an enhanced NATO-partner, it will serve as an additional, and highly relevant, point of reference in the discussion. The developments in this war indicates that for a non-NATO member the primary alternative will be to conduct the fight on its own. Based on the above, the article will go on to investigate a number of old truths from the late 20th century as well as flipped lessons learned from twenty years of counter insurgency, primarily in the Middle East, South Sahel and South East Asia. Small states tend to have very limited size SOF which indicates that mission prioritization will be a key factor for the utility of SOF in resistance operations. There are, however, ways of finding other relevant roles, than the traditional ones, for SOF in resistance operations.

Keywords
resistance operation, special forces, total defence, innovation
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11157 (URN)10.57767/jobs_2022_0009 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-12-02 Created: 2022-12-02 Last updated: 2022-12-05Bibliographically approved
Fiala, O. & Pettersson, U. (2020). ROC(K) Solid Preparedness: Resistance Operations Concept in the Shadow of Russia. Prism, 8(4), 17-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ROC(K) Solid Preparedness: Resistance Operations Concept in the Shadow of Russia
2020 (English)In: Prism, ISSN 2157-0663, E-ISSN 2157-0671, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 17-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
resistance, special operations, totaldefence, Baltics, Russia
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9750 (URN)
Available from: 2021-02-18 Created: 2021-02-18 Last updated: 2022-01-17Bibliographically approved
Klein, R. M., Lundqvist, S., Sumangil, E. & Pettersson, U. (2019). Baltics Left of Bang: the Role of NATO with Partners in Denial-Based Deterrence. Washington DC: National Defense University Press (301)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Baltics Left of Bang: the Role of NATO with Partners in Denial-Based Deterrence
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s military contribution to deter Russian aggression in the Baltic region should begin with an overall strategic concept that seamlessly transitions from deterrence through countering Russia’s gray zone activities and onto conventional war, only if necessary. NATO should augment its ongoing program to enhance the denial-based deterrence for the region with threats of punishment that demonstrate to Russian leaders they cannot achieve their aims at acceptable costs. Rather than forward-position military forces in the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), NATO should consider keeping forces further back to take advantage of strategic depth to limit vulnerability to Russian attack and increase operational flexibility. To support the overall denial-based deterrence concept, the Baltics must commit wholeheartedly to the concept of total defense including significant increases to their active and reserves forces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington DC: National Defense University Press, 2019. p. 20
Series
Strategic Forum ; 301
Keywords
Baltic Sea, deterrence, NATO
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8806 (URN)
Note

Policy Brief

Available from: 2019-11-08 Created: 2019-11-08 Last updated: 2024-01-16Bibliographically approved
Pettersson, U. & Uhr, C. (2018). Who Commands Whom?: A Discussion on Bottom-up Behavior and its Consequencesin Military Influenced First Response Organizations. In: : . Paper presented at The Third Northern European Conference on Emergency and Disaster Studies, March 21-23.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who Commands Whom?: A Discussion on Bottom-up Behavior and its Consequencesin Military Influenced First Response Organizations
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The rationale behind this paper is to explore and conceptualize the dynamics taking place when bottom-up influenced management meets top-down influenced management in spontaneous reactive first response operations. We employ an interdisciplinary approach based on theoretical perspectives from Systems science, Command & Control science, and Disaster sociology.

In order to stimulate a discussion on theoretical gaps and practical challenges, a model illustrating what we call Command & Control dynamics in spontaneous reactive operations is suggested. The model is applied as a conceptual tool for analyzing the response of the Swedish Police to a terror attack in Stockholm 2017. Both primary data from interviews and secondary data from official investigations are utilized as a basis for the analysis.

We then continue the analytical discussion regarding Command and Control dynamics, and suggest that spontaneous reactive operations give rise to quite different prerequisites for Command & Control compared to planned operations. There is a risk that both academic and practical discussions on how to improve capability do not acknowledge these differences.

Spontaneous reactive operations are likely to initially generate strong bottom-up influences in the Command & Control arrangement of a single organization. Initial decision makers will make rapid decisions and generate a direction that the superior commanders, who are not present from the beginning of the operation, must adapt to. We argue that the intent of the subordinates “restrict” the solution space for commanders on higher levels. Furthermore, we argue that in a spontaneous reactive response there is no specific Commander’s Intent from the start, only a doctrine. This leads us to suggest that the idea on mission tactics in civil operations must be problematized.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7318 (URN)
Conference
The Third Northern European Conference on Emergency and Disaster Studies, March 21-23
Note

Panel 16: An Integrated Approach to Disaster Response Management

Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved
Pettersson, U. (2017). Improved Safety Science - utilizing a Design Hierarchy. Paper presented at ICKM 2017 : 19th International Conference on Knowledge Management on January, 19-20, 2017 at London, United Kingdom. World academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 11(1), 273-278
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improved Safety Science - utilizing a Design Hierarchy
2017 (English)In: World academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 273-278Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract—Collection of information after incidents is regularly done through pre-printed incident report forms. These tend to be incomplete; frequently lack essential information. One consequence is that reports with inadequate information, that do not fulfil analysts’ requirements, are transferred into the analysis process. To improve, we used theory in design science and designed a new incident reporting form, based upon witness psychology, interview and questionnaire research and with focus on analysts’ within safety science requests. We have previous conducted three experiments to evaluate the new form, built upon a design science hierarchy. The new form can capture knowledge, regardless of the incidents character or contex. The aim in this paper is to describe how design science viz. a design hierarchy was used to construct a new collection form, in purpose to improve a minor artefact frequently used in safety science.

Keywords
design science, data collection, form, incident report, safety science
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7314 (URN)
Conference
ICKM 2017 : 19th International Conference on Knowledge Management on January, 19-20, 2017 at London, United Kingdom
Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Pettersson, U. & Kiras, D. J. (2017). Size matters: Special operations and strategic security in small and large states. In: : . Paper presented at The International Conference of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, 3-5 Nov 2017, Reston US..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Size matters: Special operations and strategic security in small and large states
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The current state of geopolitical affairs has radically changed the security environment for both small and large states.  A changing strategic security environment has drawn many states, connected by treaty and other cooperative obligations, into conflicts that may appear to be distant from direct national concerns.  The nature of many of these conflicts – terrorist tactics, indirect warfare, cyber attacks – has led many of these states to search for and develop different tools for their military toolboxes than had historically been emphasized.  These and other changes in national security environments have led both large and small states to increase their dependence on special operations forces (SOF) proportional to other military options.  However, smaller resource pools and different positions on the geopolitical stage may lead small states to use SOF differently than they are utilized by large states.  This discussion will use a cross-national, comparative approach, looking primarily at the ways in which Sweden and the U.S. have strategically positioned SOF and organizationally configured special operations within their respective militaries.  Examples from other states will be used as appropriate.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7317 (URN)
Conference
The International Conference of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, 3-5 Nov 2017, Reston US.
Note

Panel 10: Special Operations Forces: Control, Missions, and Strategic Considerations

Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2019-03-29Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, G. & Pettersson, U. (Eds.). (2017). Special Operations from a Small State Perspective: Future Security Challenges. Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Special Operations from a Small State Perspective: Future Security Challenges
2017 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. p. 198
Series
New Security Challenges
Keywords
Special operations, security challanges, small state
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6732 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-43961-7 (DOI)9783319439600 (ISBN)9783319439617 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-06-16 Created: 2017-06-16 Last updated: 2021-06-14Bibliographically approved
Zweibelson, B., Hedstöm, L., Lindström, M. & Pettersson, U. (2017). The Emergent Art of Military Design: Swedish Armed Forces and the Contemporary Security Environment. Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift (3), 83-97
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Emergent Art of Military Design: Swedish Armed Forces and the Contemporary Security Environment
2017 (English)In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 83-97Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Artikeln beskriver ’Military’ Design Thinking från det perspektiv som lärs ut vid USSpecial Operations Command’s Joint Special Operations University (USSOCOM JSOU). Ambitionen är att besvara följande frågor: Vad är Design Thinking och vad är ursprunget till metodiken? Varför är Design Thinking aktuellt idag, och hur kan beslutsfattare nyttja metoden för att påverka komplexa problem? Vidare ger författarna förslag på hur Design Thinking kan nyttjas i ett svenskt sammanhang för att påverka de komplexa säkerhetsutmaningar som Sverige står inför. Sammanfattningsvis beskrivs Design Thinking dels som ett förhållningssätt, men också som en metodik vilken ökar en militär beslutsfattares möjlighet att förstå sig på (appreciate) komplexa problem. Denna fördjupade förståelse ligger sedan till grund för chefens inriktning av verksamhet. Design Thinking ersätter inte dagens metoder men möjliggör att "rätt" problem identifieras och löses.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7319 (URN)
Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2020-01-23Bibliographically approved
Pettersson, U. (2016). Experience-based knowledge from the Swedish Armed Forces: a comparison between groups and individuals. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 14(1), 69-75
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experience-based knowledge from the Swedish Armed Forces: a comparison between groups and individuals
2016 (English)In: Knowledge Management Research & Practice, ISSN 1477-8238, E-ISSN 1477-8246, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 69-75Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A serious weakness in several organizations seems to be that numerous experiences are poorly reported. Unfortunately, there is little research conducted in the military field; on the contrary, there is an urgent need in several organizations to get a lessons learned process implemented. The aim of this paper is to compare group performances with individual performances and to determine whether groups will produce more mature experience-reports than individuals. The study was conducted within the Swedish Armed Forces; all participants were soldiers previously deployed on international missions. The results showed that groups produced somewhat better reports than individuals; however, individuals produced a higher quantity of reports per person than groups. It therefore appears to be pointless to report in groups, at least as was done in this study, since the extra effort it takes does not justify the small improvement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hants UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016
Keywords
Experience-based Knowledge, After Action Reviews, Knowledge Sharing, Consensus-Effort, Critical Discussion, Experience Report, Lessons Learned Process
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2220 (URN)10.1057/kmrp.2014.14 (DOI)000371195900009 ()
Available from: 2011-11-30 Created: 2011-11-30 Last updated: 2018-07-20Bibliographically approved
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