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Jonsson, Emma
Publications (10 of 47) Show all publications
Wallenius, C., Brandow, C., Berglund, A. K. & Jonsson, E. (2018). Anchoring Sweden’s Post-conscript Military: Insights From Elites in the Political and Military Realm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anchoring Sweden’s Post-conscript Military: Insights From Elites in the Political and Military Realm
2018 (English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The universal nature of conscription ties or anchors broad segments of society to the military. What happens to societal anchoring after the draft ends? Using in-depth interviews with two groups of elites, this article explores factors that promote and hinder the Swedish Military’s societal anchoring post-conscription. The first group consisted of 18 executives at the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) headquarters with strategic positions in relation to societal anchoring. The second group consisted of 15 representatives from the corresponding political level: members of the parliamentary Committee on Defense and their officials. The interviews were semistructured and analyzed according to a grounded theory-inspired approach. Main themes concerning obstacles were the public’s low interest and dated knowledge, an unclear political debate resulting in vague expectations concerning the SAF, as well as unclear responsibility for informing the public, and confidence gaps between the military and the political elite.

Keyword
civil–military relations, defense policy, democracy, governmental organization
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7340 (URN)10.1177/0095327X18755107 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Armed Forces
Available from: 2018-03-14 Created: 2018-03-14 Last updated: 2018-03-14
Jonsson, E. & Österberg, J. (2018). Försvarsmaktens attraktivitet bland unga i Sverige: Ett samarbetsprojekt inom European Defence Agency. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Försvarsmaktens attraktivitet bland unga i Sverige: Ett samarbetsprojekt inom European Defence Agency
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2018. p. 31
Series
Ledarskapscentrum Serie I.: Informations- och utbildningsmaterial ; 110
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7345 (URN)978-91-86137-71-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-16 Created: 2018-03-16 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Steder, F. B., Op den Buijs, T., Jonsson, E., Lecoq, V., Moelker, R., Otis, N., . . . Manigart, P. (2017). Breaking Away from a White Male Organization? Expert Opinions on Recruitment of Women and Ethnic Cultural Minorities. In: : . Paper presented at Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, 2017, Chicago, USA..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breaking Away from a White Male Organization? Expert Opinions on Recruitment of Women and Ethnic Cultural Minorities
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2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

European armed forces still remain predominantly white, male organizations; their societies, however, are becoming more diverse and older. How will these armed forces be able to cope with this challenge? In order to answer this question, in the first semester of 2017, a group of scholars working within the framework of the European Defense Agency conducted an online survey among international experts in human and social sciences, defense managers, policymakers, and journalists specialized in defense issues. The aim of the survey, which followed a previous survey among young people on the attractiveness of the military as a job, was to measure their opinions and ask their suggestions concerning possible ways for increasing diversity in European armed forces. This paper presents some of the results of this multinational online survey.The unique feature of the study is that it is forward-looking and international: experts from various NATO and EU countries were asked how Defense organizations could deal with future challenges of demographic characteristics. The study, therefore, adds to our understanding of possible solutions for ensuring increased diversity in armed forces.

Keyword
diversity, societal values, motivation, work satisfaction, recruitment, military culture, measures
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7164 (URN)
Conference
Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, 2017, Chicago, USA.
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2018-01-09Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, E. & Österberg, J. (2017). Effective Recruitment of Military Women: Developing New Methods. Res Militaris (4), 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effective Recruitment of Military Women: Developing New Methods
2017 (English)In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, no 4, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sweden is one of the most gender equal countries in the world, but this is not reflected in the representation of women in the Swedish Armed Forces. Women have increased in both numbers and proportion since the transformation to an all-volunteer force in 2010, but the gender distribution is still skewed and women tend to drop out of the selection process for basic military training to a greater extent than men. The 2014 White Paper emphasizes that the Swedish Armed Forces should actively work to increase the proportion of women at all levels in order to achieve a more even gender distribution. This article describes a project that aims to increase the proportion of women who start basic military training in the Swedish Armed Forces. The project aims to identify successful methods and activities that motivate women and optimize their chances of passing the admission test, and basic military training. Women who passed the first step in the selection process for basic military training were contacted by the project. Women who were contacted and participated in activities were positive, stayed longer in the selection process, and looked forward to beginning basic military training.

Abstract [fr]

Si la Suède est l'un des pays où l'égalité entre les sexes a été poussée le plus loin, ce n'est guère encore le cas de ses armées. Le nombre et la proportion des femmes y ont certes augmenté depuis le passage, en 2010, à un mode de recrutement intégralement professionnel, mais le déséquilibre entre les deux sexes y est fort, et les femmes tendent plus que les hommes à renoncer au cours du processus de sélection avant le début de l'instruction militaire de base. Le Livre Blanc suédois de la Défense (2014) insiste sur la nécessité absolue de remédier à ce déséquilibre de genre en augmentant le pourcentage de femmes militaires à tous les niveaux. Le présent article décrit un projet à cet effet, visant à augmenter la proportion d'éléments féminins abordant la phase d'instruction initiale. Ce projet cherche à identifier les méthodes et les activités les plus susceptibles de motiver les femmes et d'optimiser leurs chances de succès aux tests d'admission et lors de l'instruction de base. Des femmes ayant passé le cap des tests d'admission ont été contactées. Celles d'entre elles qui avaient participé aux activités nouvelles proposées au titre du projet se sont déclarées dans de meilleures dispositions, sont allées plus loin dans le processus de sélection, et ont montré plus d'allant pour aborder l'instruction initiale.

Keyword
Sweden, military, recruitment, military women, method development, Suède, armées, recrutement, femmes militaires, développement de méthodes
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7168 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2018-01-08Bibliographically approved
Österberg, J., Jonsson, E., Brandow, C., Klockare, E. & Eriksson, B. (2017). Metodutveckling för effektivare rekrytering av särskilda målgrupper (MER): Slutrappport. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metodutveckling för effektivare rekrytering av särskilda målgrupper (MER): Slutrappport
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2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Försvarsmaktens (FM) och Försvarshögskolans (FHS) projekt Metodutveckling för effektivare rekrytering av särskilda målgrupper (MER) syftar till att utveckla och utvärdera aktiviteter som attraherar och rekryterar målgrupper som FM har svårt att nå via de vanliga rekryteringsmetoderna. Under 2014-2015 var kvinnor som klarat rekryttestet den särskilda målgrupp som var i centrum. Det övergripande målet med projektet var att öka antalet och andelen kvinnor som tar anställning eller tecknar avtal efter genomförd grundläggande militär utbildning (GMU). Detta skedde bland annat genom kontaktskapande och aktiviter i perioden från godkänt rekryttest via antagningsprövning och fram till GMU, det vill säga jobba med individer som visat intresse och potential för FM, vilket också är kostnadseffektivt. Kontaktskapandet och aktiviteterna bidrar till att kvinnorna känner sig inkluderade och kan skapa sig ett bättre beslutsunderlag för vidare avancemang i FM eller inte.

Sammanfattningsvis demonstrerar projektet att det verkar vara effektivt att arbeta i rekryteringsfasen med personer som har visat intresse och potential. Projektet bidrar med ny kunskap för ökad rekryteringseffekt. Genom att utveckla metoder, mäta utfall av kontakt, arbetssätt och aktiviteter kan vi mäta rekryteringseffekt och därigenom utveckla styrande dokument, metoder samt arbetssätt. En erfarenhet är att många som söker sig till FM är osäkra på vad ett jobb i FM innebär och många söker till FM utan att veta vad de vill eller kan göra inom organisationen. De individer som kontaktas av projektet har ofta frågor som relativt enkelt kan besvaras.

Aktiviteterna i projektet är uppskattade och anses värdefulla av deltagarna. Aktiviteterna stärker intresset för att fortsätta i rekryteringsprocessen och ta anställning eller teckna avtal i FM och undanröjer onödiga hinder för att fortsätta mot anställning/avtal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2017. p. 25
Series
ILM Serie I.: Informations- och utbildningsmaterial, ISSN 1653-1523 ; 104
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6651 (URN)9789186137618 (ISBN)
Note

ISBN på rapportens baksida saknar de tre sista siffrorna.

Available from: 2017-03-24 Created: 2017-03-24 Last updated: 2017-04-07Bibliographically approved
Österberg, J., Jonsson, E. & Berglund, A. K. (2017). Officer recruitment in Sweden: Enhancing the process. In: : . Paper presented at ERGOMAS, 2017, Aten, Grekland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Officer recruitment in Sweden: Enhancing the process
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the recruitment process for the three-year officer program (OP), it is a big dropout in the period from application to the start of the program. Because of this is, the OP has not been fully manned since 2008. To supply the Swedish Armed Forces with a sufficient number of officers are a priority and henceforth the SAF have a need for increasing the numbers of officers. Furthermore, a large number of retirements within the officer corps have also reduced the numbers of officers. In order to increase recruiting efficiency and increase the proportion of individuals who complete the entire recruitment process to OP, a project was launched at the Swedish Defence University designed to evaluate the recruitment into, and dropouts from the OP. Results carried out under the project shows that the earlier people jump out of the recruitment process, the older and more academically educated, they tend to be. Further, the results show that personal contact from officers and cadets already in the system has a positive relation on people’s willingness to complete the recruitment process. The project implemented a different recruitment strategy in 2016, the outcome showed that the percentage of applicants who started the program was higher than before, and the dropout rate was lower than ever.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7163 (URN)
Conference
ERGOMAS, 2017, Aten, Grekland
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2018-01-09Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, E. (2017). Rekryteringsunderlaget 2016: Första året med sökande till en sammanhållen militär grundutbildning. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rekryteringsunderlaget 2016: Första året med sökande till en sammanhållen militär grundutbildning
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2017. p. 58
Series
Ledarskapscentrum Serie I.: Informations- och utbildningsmaterial ; 105
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7154 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-22 Created: 2017-12-22 Last updated: 2018-01-08Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, E. (2017). Rekryteringsunderlaget 2017: Sista året med helt frivilligbaserad rekrytering till den militära grundutbildningen.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rekryteringsunderlaget 2017: Sista året med helt frivilligbaserad rekrytering till den militära grundutbildningen
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 57
Series
Ledarskapscentrum Serie I.: Informations- och utbildningsmaterial ; 106
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7156 (URN)9789186137670 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-22 Created: 2017-12-22 Last updated: 2018-02-19Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, E., Bjelanovic, V., Lantz, J., Lindgren, R.-M., Lindqvist, A. & Törner, B. (2017). Systematic follow-up of the psychological selection to the Swedish Armed Forces. In: : . Paper presented at ERGOMAS, 2017, Aten, Grekland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Systematic follow-up of the psychological selection to the Swedish Armed Forces
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2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The transition from a conscript-based force to an all-volunteer force in Sweden 2010 implied changes for selection and training as well as for the procedure for attrition from the basic military training. Today a recruit can leave basic military training within 24 hours and without further explanations. As a consequence, the changed procedure when a recruit leaves training has caused a lack of information of reasons for attrition and lack of feedback to the Swedish Defence Recruitment Agency who is responsible for the assessments and selection of recruits. The first step to re-establish a systematic follow-up of the psychological selection and to validate the selection procedure has started. The aim of this project is to gain knowledge of reasons for attrition from basic military training in order to predict attrition and to predict successful 76 recruitment (defined as signing a contract with the Swedish Armed Forces). Results from 2015 (478 questionnaires and 36 interviews) indicate that it is not only the selection that contributes to successful recruitment, but also the training period and the leadership of the officers. Further, the results have facilitated the development of questionnaires, interview guides, instructions and methods for future studies. The project is a collaboration between the Swedish Armed Forces including the Internal Occupational Health Care Center and Human Resources, the Swedish Defence Recruitment Agency and the Swedish Defence University.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7157 (URN)
Conference
ERGOMAS, 2017, Aten, Grekland
Available from: 2017-12-22 Created: 2017-12-22 Last updated: 2018-01-09Bibliographically approved
Manigart, P., Lecoq, V., Moelker, R., op den Buijs, T., Steder, F. B., Österberg, J., . . . Szvircsev Tresch, T. (2017). Why are young people attracted to the armed forces? A comparison between five countries. In: : . Paper presented at Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, Chicago, 2017, Chicago, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Why are young people attracted to the armed forces? A comparison between five countries
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2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

With the demographic change taking place all over European societies, the number of young people entering the labor market will decline. As a result, European Defense organizations will likely face severe recruitment and retention problems and find themselves in ever more direct competition with the private sector to attract the best candidates. To offset the shrinking base of recruitment, they will have to become more attractive to potential recruits and to increase the number of candidates in previously under-represented segments (for example, women and ethnic-cultural minorities). The paper presents selected results from an online survey carried out between Spring 2015 and Spring 2016 in five countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland) among samples of young people. The paper presents how young people from these countries in general, view their armed forces, what their job expectations are, and what they think the armed forces can offer them. The multinational survey on which the analyses were based is part of a collaborative project conducted within the framework of the European Defense Agency on the impact of demographic change on the recruitment and retention of personnel in European armed forces.

National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7165 (URN)
Conference
Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, Chicago, 2017, Chicago, USA
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2018-01-09Bibliographically approved
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