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Jonsson, Emma
Publications (10 of 53) Show all publications
Wallenius, C., Brandow, C., Berglund, A. K. & Jonsson, E. (2018). Anchoring Sweden’s Post-conscript Military: Insights From Elites in the Political and Military Realm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anchoring Sweden’s Post-conscript Military: Insights From Elites in the Political and Military Realm
2018 (English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The universal nature of conscription ties or anchors broad segments of society to the military. What happens to societal anchoring after the draft ends? Using in-depth interviews with two groups of elites, this article explores factors that promote and hinder the Swedish Military’s societal anchoring post-conscription. The first group consisted of 18 executives at the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) headquarters with strategic positions in relation to societal anchoring. The second group consisted of 15 representatives from the corresponding political level: members of the parliamentary Committee on Defense and their officials. The interviews were semistructured and analyzed according to a grounded theory-inspired approach. Main themes concerning obstacles were the public’s low interest and dated knowledge, an unclear political debate resulting in vague expectations concerning the SAF, as well as unclear responsibility for informing the public, and confidence gaps between the military and the political elite.

Keywords
civil–military relations, defense policy, democracy, governmental organization
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7340 (URN)10.1177/0095327X18755107 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Armed Forces
Available from: 2018-03-14 Created: 2018-03-14 Last updated: 2019-04-15
Jonsson, E., Bjelanovic, V., Lantz, J., Lindgren, R.-M., Lindqvist, A. & Törner, B. (2018). Attrition during basic military training in the Swedish Armed Forces. In: : . Paper presented at XIX ISA (International Sociological Association) World Congress of Sociology, July 15-21, 2018, Toronto, Kanada.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attrition during basic military training in the Swedish Armed Forces
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Attrition from basic military training is a serious and costly problem for Armed Forces. When the Swedish Armed Forces transformed from a conscript-based force to an all-volunteer force in 2010 the knowledge about reasons for attrition decreased, due to changed procedures. Today a recruit can leave basic military training within 24 hours and without further explanations. The project “Systematic follow-up of the psychological selection”, aims at developing the admission tests, the basic military training and the work environment at the military units in order to reduce attrition. The project is a collaboration between the Swedish Armed Forces including the Internal Occupational Health Care Center and Human Resources, the Swedish Defence Recruitment Agency and the Swedish Defence University.

Data is collected from the admission tests, questionnaires (first week/baseline, and last week of training) and interviews with recruits who drop out. The project aims to predict attrition caused by other factors than injuries and to predict further engagement/employment in the Swedish Armed Forces.

Partly due to difficulties to employ sufficient numbers to the Swedish Armed Forces, the Swedish Government have decided to reestablish the conscription in 2018. The conscription will be gender neutral and work as a complement to the volunteer recruitment. We believe that the methods of this project and the knowledge gained are as reliable for a conscript-based training as for a volunteer training.

Series
International Sociological Association (ISA) World Congress of Sociology, Book of Abstracts, ISSN 2522-7025
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8287 (URN)
Conference
XIX ISA (International Sociological Association) World Congress of Sociology, July 15-21, 2018, Toronto, Kanada
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-03-28
Svensén, S., Bjelanovic, V., Jonsson, E., Lantz, J., Lindgren, R.-M., Törner, B., . . . Lindqvist, A. (2018). Attrition during basic military training in the Swedish Armed Forces. In: : . Paper presented at The 60th International Military Testing Association (IMTA) Conference, October 15-19, 2018, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attrition during basic military training in the Swedish Armed Forces
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8282 (URN)
Conference
The 60th International Military Testing Association (IMTA) Conference, October 15-19, 2018, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-08-01
Jonsson, E. & Österberg, J. (2018). Försvarsmaktens attraktivitet bland unga i Sverige: Ett samarbetsprojekt inom European Defence Agency. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Försvarsmaktens attraktivitet bland unga i Sverige: Ett samarbetsprojekt inom European Defence Agency
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2018. p. 31
Series
Ledarskapscentrum Serie I.: Informations- och utbildningsmaterial ; 110
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7345 (URN)978-91-86137-71-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-16 Created: 2018-03-16 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, E., Bjelanovic, V., Lantz, J., Lindgren, R.-M., Svensén, S., Törner, B., . . . Lindqvist, A. (2018). Metodförsök med systematisk urvalsuppföljning: Delrapport: Resultat och erfarenheter från 2016. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metodförsök med systematisk urvalsuppföljning: Delrapport: Resultat och erfarenheter från 2016
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med metodförsöket med systematisk urvalsuppföljning är att fördjupa förståelsen för avgångs- och framgångsorsaker under militär grundutbildning vid Försvarsmakten, samt att kunna använda resultaten som underlag för anpassning av krav, tester, urvalskriterier och utbildning.

I projektet samarbetar Försvarsmakten, Rekryteringsmyndigheten och Försvarshögskolan för att identifiera faktorer som predicerar avgångar från den militära grundutbildningen vid Försvarsmakten och samtidigt identifiera framgångsfaktorer för kostnadseffektivt och träffsäkert urval vid Rekryteringsmyndigheten.

Denna delrapport presenterar erfarenheter, resultat och åtgärdsförslag från det andra försöket med systematisk urvalsuppföljning avseende militärpsykologiskt urval som genomfördes med rekryter som ryckte in under 2016.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2018. p. 93
Series
Ledarskapscentrum Serie T.: Utredningar och tekniska rapporter ; 41
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8280 (URN)978-91-86137-77-9 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Armed Forces
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Österberg, J., Jonsson, E. & Berglund, A. K. (2018). Pridobivanje častnikov - izboljševanje procesa: Officer Recruitment - Improving the Process. Sodobni vojaški izziv / Contemporary Military Challenges, 20(2), 23-35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pridobivanje častnikov - izboljševanje procesa: Officer Recruitment - Improving the Process
2018 (English)In: Sodobni vojaški izziv / Contemporary Military Challenges, ISSN 2232-2825, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 23-35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The only way to become an officer in Sweden is to complete the three-year Officers’ Programme (OP). In the selection process for the OP, there is a large gap between the number of applicants and the number of individuals who start the programme. One consequence of this is that the OP has not been fully manned since 2008, thus leaving the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) with a shortage of officers. Manning the SAF with sufficient officers with the right qualifications is a priority, and henceforth the number of cadets must increase. Therefore, in 2014, a project was launched with the aim of examining recruitment to and selection for the OP, as well as identifying success factors and areas of improvement. An additional ambition was to introduce measures intended to increase recruiting efficiency based on the results, and the proportion of individuals who enter the OP.

The project led to the implementation of a different recruitment strategy in 2016 and 2017. Early in the selection process applicants were contacted by cadets already studying on the OP, and were invited to an information meeting at the Swedish Defence University. Those who were selected to start the OP were also contacted by their future platoon commanders, who provided useful information. The outcomes show that the numbers of cadets starting the OP increased, and the dropout rate during the selection process was lower than before.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ljubljana: Generalštab Slovenske vojske / General Staff of the Slovenian Armed Forces, 2018
Keywords
recruitment, officers, officer's programme, Swedish Armes Forces
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8182 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-01 Created: 2018-10-01 Last updated: 2018-10-01Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, E. & Svensén, S. (2018). Recruitment and Selection to the Swedish Armed Forces: from an All-Volunteer Recruitment to a Re-established Conscription. In: : . Paper presented at The 60th International Military Testing Association (IMTA) Conference, October 15-19, 2018, Kingston, Ontario, Canada,. International Military Testing Association (IMTA), Article ID 2018013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recruitment and Selection to the Swedish Armed Forces: from an All-Volunteer Recruitment to a Re-established Conscription
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Military Testing Association (IMTA), 2018
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8283 (URN)
Conference
The 60th International Military Testing Association (IMTA) Conference, October 15-19, 2018, Kingston, Ontario, Canada,
Note

The abstracts and PowerPoint presentations are published at the conference web.

Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Manigart, P., op den Buijs, T., van Doorn, E., Jonsson, E., Lecoq, V., Moelker, R., . . . Szvircsev Tresch, T. (2018). The Impact of Demographic Change on Recruitment and Retention of Personnel in Eurpean Armed Forces: Opinions of Young Prospects and International Experts - Final report. European Defence Agency
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Impact of Demographic Change on Recruitment and Retention of Personnel in Eurpean Armed Forces: Opinions of Young Prospects and International Experts - Final report
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2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Defence Agency, 2018
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8281 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-08-01
Brundtland Steder, F., Op den Buijs, T., Jonsson, E., Lecoq, V., Moelker, R., Otis, N., . . . Manigart, P. (2017). Breaking Away from a White Male Organization? Expert Opinions on Recruitment of Women and Ethnic Cultural Minorities. In: : . Paper presented at Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, 2017, Chicago, USA..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breaking Away from a White Male Organization? Expert Opinions on Recruitment of Women and Ethnic Cultural Minorities
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2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

European armed forces still remain predominantly white, male organizations; their societies, however, are becoming more diverse and older. How will these armed forces be able to cope with this challenge? In order to answer this question, in the first semester of 2017, a group of scholars working within the framework of the European Defense Agency conducted an online survey among international experts in human and social sciences, defense managers, policymakers, and journalists specialized in defense issues. The aim of the survey, which followed a previous survey among young people on the attractiveness of the military as a job, was to measure their opinions and ask their suggestions concerning possible ways for increasing diversity in European armed forces. This paper presents some of the results of this multinational online survey.The unique feature of the study is that it is forward-looking and international: experts from various NATO and EU countries were asked how Defense organizations could deal with future challenges of demographic characteristics. The study, therefore, adds to our understanding of possible solutions for ensuring increased diversity in armed forces.

Keywords
diversity, societal values, motivation, work satisfaction, recruitment, military culture, measures
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7164 (URN)
Conference
Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, 2017, Chicago, USA.
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2019-08-01Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, E. & Österberg, J. (2017). Effective Recruitment of Military Women: Developing New Methods. Res Militaris (4), 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effective Recruitment of Military Women: Developing New Methods
2017 (English)In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, no 4, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sweden is one of the most gender equal countries in the world, but this is not reflected in the representation of women in the Swedish Armed Forces. Women have increased in both numbers and proportion since the transformation to an all-volunteer force in 2010, but the gender distribution is still skewed and women tend to drop out of the selection process for basic military training to a greater extent than men. The 2014 White Paper emphasizes that the Swedish Armed Forces should actively work to increase the proportion of women at all levels in order to achieve a more even gender distribution. This article describes a project that aims to increase the proportion of women who start basic military training in the Swedish Armed Forces. The project aims to identify successful methods and activities that motivate women and optimize their chances of passing the admission test, and basic military training. Women who passed the first step in the selection process for basic military training were contacted by the project. Women who were contacted and participated in activities were positive, stayed longer in the selection process, and looked forward to beginning basic military training.

Abstract [fr]

Si la Suède est l'un des pays où l'égalité entre les sexes a été poussée le plus loin, ce n'est guère encore le cas de ses armées. Le nombre et la proportion des femmes y ont certes augmenté depuis le passage, en 2010, à un mode de recrutement intégralement professionnel, mais le déséquilibre entre les deux sexes y est fort, et les femmes tendent plus que les hommes à renoncer au cours du processus de sélection avant le début de l'instruction militaire de base. Le Livre Blanc suédois de la Défense (2014) insiste sur la nécessité absolue de remédier à ce déséquilibre de genre en augmentant le pourcentage de femmes militaires à tous les niveaux. Le présent article décrit un projet à cet effet, visant à augmenter la proportion d'éléments féminins abordant la phase d'instruction initiale. Ce projet cherche à identifier les méthodes et les activités les plus susceptibles de motiver les femmes et d'optimiser leurs chances de succès aux tests d'admission et lors de l'instruction de base. Des femmes ayant passé le cap des tests d'admission ont été contactées. Celles d'entre elles qui avaient participé aux activités nouvelles proposées au titre du projet se sont déclarées dans de meilleures dispositions, sont allées plus loin dans le processus de sélection, et ont montré plus d'allant pour aborder l'instruction initiale.

Keywords
Sweden, military, recruitment, military women, method development, Suède, armées, recrutement, femmes militaires, développement de méthodes
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7168 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2018-01-08Bibliographically approved
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