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Paglia, Eric
Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Paglia, E. (2018). The Socio-scientific Construction of Global Climate Crisis. Geopolitics, 23(1), 96-123
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Socio-scientific Construction of Global Climate Crisis
2018 (English)In: Geopolitics, ISSN 1465-0045, E-ISSN 1557-3028, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 96-123Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article adapts and applies a securitisation framework to produce an analytical explanation for the heightened geopolitical status of climate change over the past decade, as demonstrated by the breakthrough Paris Agreement of 2015. Rather than speech acts invoking security, the focus of this analysis is on the socio-scientific discourse of global climate crisis that emerged in the several year period leading to the 2009 COP 15 conference in Copenhagen. Two types of experts—contributory and interactional—are identified as the essential and interdependent actors that engaged in ‘crisification’, a novel crisis-based perspective on political agenda setting, in which climate crisis served as a primary discursive device employed by prominent advocates of urgent action. Contributory experts, that is, authoritative climate scientists and their institutions, together with interactional experts—non-scientist social actors who appropriated and mediated scientific data and knowledge in framing climate change as a global crisis—constituted an extended epistemic community of climate advocates. Through an array of speech acts, this extended community effectively co-constructed a convincing climate crisis discourse that consisted of quantitative data artefacts based on CO2 concentration and global mean temperature, and qualitative invocations of existential threat to human civilisation, which contributed to the ascent of climate change on the global political agenda. In proposing crisification as a complement to securitisation, the article offers a theoretical innovation that facilitates constructivist analysis of issues framed as crises, including geopolitical problems in certain non-military sectors where crisis is a favoured label for perceived threats to core values.

National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7104 (URN)10.1080/14650045.2017.1328407 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-11-19 Created: 2017-11-19 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved
Roberts, P. & Paglia, E. (2016). Science as national belonging: the construction of Svalbard as a Norwegian space. Social Studies of Science, 46(6), 894-911
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science as national belonging: the construction of Svalbard as a Norwegian space
2016 (English)In: Social Studies of Science, ISSN 0306-3127, E-ISSN 1460-3659, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 894-911Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines how science has been employed to establish, maintain, and contest senses of belonging on Svalbard, an Arctic archipelago administered by Norway since 1925 under an international treaty. Our central argument is that the process of constructing Svalbard as a space belonging to Norway has long been intertwined with the processes of describing and representing the archipelago and that participating in those processes has also permitted other states to articulate their own narratives of belonging – on Svalbard in particular and in the Arctic more generally. We deploy the concept of belonging to capture a sense of legitimate presence and stakeholdership that we do not believe can be adequately captured by narrow concepts of sovereignty. Norway’s historic and current use of science validates (and even naturalizes) its rule over Svalbard. At the same time, other states use science on Svalbard to articulate geopolitical scripts that portray them as stakeholders in an Arctic that is of transregional relevance due to the effects of climate change.

Keywords
Arctic, history of science, Ny-angstrom lesund, polar geopolitics, research stations, scripting, Svalbard
National Category
History
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7103 (URN)10.1177/0306312716639153 (DOI)000391553800006 ()28025917 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-11-19 Created: 2017-11-19 Last updated: 2017-11-22Bibliographically approved
Paglia, E. (2016). The Northward Course of the Anthropocene: Transformation, Temporality and Telecoupling in a Time of Environmental Crisis. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Northward Course of the Anthropocene: Transformation, Temporality and Telecoupling in a Time of Environmental Crisis
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Arctic—warming at twice the rate of the rest of the planet—is a source of striking imagery of amplified environmental change in our time, and has come to serve as a spatial setting for climate crisis discourse. The recent alterations in the Arctic environment have also been perceived by some observers as an opportunity to expand economic exploitation. Heightened geopolitical interest in the region and its resources, contradicted by calls for the protection of fragile Far North ecosystems, has rendered the Arctic an arena for negotiating human interactions with nature, and for reflecting upon the planetary risks and possibilities associated with the advent and expansion of the Anthropocene—the proposed new epoch in Earth history in which humankind is said to have gained geological agency and become the dominant force over the Earth system. With the Arctic serving as a nexus of crosscutting analytical themes spanning contemporary history (the late twentieth and the early twenty-first century until 2015), this dissertation examines defining characteristics of the Anthropocene and how the concept, which emerged from the Earth system science community, impacts ideas and assumptions in historiography, social sciences and the environmental humanities, including the fields of environmental history, crisis management and security studies, political geography, and science and technology studies (STS). The primary areas of empirical analysis and theoretical investigation encompass constructivist perspectives and temporal conceptions of environmental and climate crisis; the role of science and expertise in performing politics and shaping social discourse; the geopolitical significance of telecoupling—a concept that reflects the interconnectedness of the Anthropocene and supports stakeholder claims across wide spatial scales; and implications of the recent transformation in humankind’s long duration relationship with the natural world. Several dissertation themes were observed in practice at the international science community of Ny-Ålesund on Svalbard, where global change is made visible through a concentration of scientific activity. Ny-Ålesund is furthermore a place of geopolitics, where extra-regional states attempt to enhance their legitimacy as Arctic stakeholders through the performance of scientific research undertakings, participation in governance institutions, and by establishing a physical presence in the Far North. This dissertation concludes that this small and remote community represents an Anthropocene node of global environmental change, Earth system science, emergent global governance, geopolitics, and stakeholder construction in an increasingly telecoupled world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. p. 62
Series
TRITA-HOT, ISSN 0349-2842 ; 2071
Series
CRISMART ; 45
Keywords
Anthropocene, Arctic, Fernand Braudel, environmental and climate crisis, environmental history, expertise, polar geopolitics, securitization, Svalbard, telecoupling
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5678 (URN)978-91-7595-809-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-01-22, V1, Teknikringen 76, KTH, 14:40 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-01-04 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2016-03-23Bibliographically approved
Paglia, E. (2015). Not a proper crisis. The Anthropocene Review, 2(3), 247-261
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Not a proper crisis
2015 (English)In: The Anthropocene Review, ISSN 2053-0196, E-ISSN 2053-020X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 247-261Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines and qualifies the proposition that humankind’s recently acquired geological agency has brought about the convergence of Earth and human history. Contrasting a contemporary representation of human–nature interactions – the ‘Great Acceleration graphs’ documenting humanity’s post-war dominance – with an earlier perspective elaborated by Fernand Braudel, whose historical philosophy assigned physical geography powerful agency over human affairs, this article contends that ‘environmental crisis’ is a valid characterization of the post-1950 reordering of human–nature relations. Yet it is not a ‘proper’ crisis, as the environmental and climate crisis cannot be managed as a discrete event – as crises are often thought of today – in hope of restoring the status quo ante. Drawing on an older connotation of crisis, this article proposes a temporal conceptualization of environmental crisis, signifying a multi-decade historical period of reordering that spans the decline of the Holocene and advent of the Anthropocene. The intended and unintended consequences of human decisions will determine whether convergence, through reflexivity or coercion, results from this ongoing epochal transition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015
Keywords
anthropocene, convergence, environmental crisis, Fernand Braudel, Great Acceleration graphs, human–nature relations
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5681 (URN)10.1177/2053019615604867 (DOI)000434536000004 ()
Available from: 2015-12-11 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Parker, C. & Paglia, E. (2012). Hurricane Katrina: The Complex Origins of a Mega-Disaster. In: Louise Comfort, Brian Jacobs, Arjen Boin, and Ira Helsloot. (Ed.), Mega-crises: Understanding the Prospects, Nature, Characteristics, and the Effects of Cataclysmic Events (pp. 51-65). Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas Publisher Ltd.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hurricane Katrina: The Complex Origins of a Mega-Disaster
2012 (English)In: Mega-crises: Understanding the Prospects, Nature, Characteristics, and the Effects of Cataclysmic Events / [ed] Louise Comfort, Brian Jacobs, Arjen Boin, and Ira Helsloot., Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas Publisher Ltd., 2012, p. 51-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas Publisher Ltd., 2012
Keywords
crisis management, emergency management, hurricane, mega crisis
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-3017 (URN)978-0-398-08681-7 (ISBN)978-0-398-08683-1 (ISBN)978-0-398-08682-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-12-14 Created: 2012-12-14 Last updated: 2017-06-14Bibliographically approved
Paglia, E. (2012). The Socio-Scientific Construction of Global Climate Crisis. In: : . Paper presented at International Studies Association 2012 Annual Convention.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Socio-Scientific Construction of Global Climate Crisis
2012 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2145 (URN)
Conference
International Studies Association 2012 Annual Convention
Available from: 2011-11-14 Created: 2011-11-14 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Galaz, V., Moberg, F., Olsson, E.-K., Paglia, E. & Parker, C. (2011). Institutional and political leadership dimensions of cascading ecological crises. Public Administration, 89(2), 361-380
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional and political leadership dimensions of cascading ecological crises
Show others...
2011 (English)In: Public Administration, ISSN 0033-3298, E-ISSN 1467-9299, Vol. 89, no 2, p. 361-380Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While some of the future impacts of global environmental change such as some aspects of climate change can be projected and prepared for in advance, other effects are likely to surface as surprises - that is situations in which the behaviour in a system, or across systems, differs qualitatively from expectations. Here we analyse a set of institutional and political leadership challenges posed by 'cascading' ecological crises: abrupt ecological changes that propagate into societal crises that move through systems and spatial scales. We illustrate their underlying social and ecological drivers, and a range of institutional and political leadership challenges, which have been insufficiently elaborated by either crisis management researchers or institutional scholars. We conclude that even though these sorts of crises have parallels to other contingencies, there are a number of major differences resulting from the combination of a lack of early warnings, abrupt ecological change, and the mismatch between decision-making capabilities and the cross-scale dynamics of social-ecological change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2011
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2143 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9299.2010.01883.x (DOI)000292101100009 ()
Available from: 2011-11-14 Created: 2011-11-14 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Parker, C., Stern, E., Paglia, E. & Brown, C. (2009). Preventable Catastrophe?: The Hurricane Katrina Disaster Revisited. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 17(4), 206-220
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Preventable Catastrophe?: The Hurricane Katrina Disaster Revisited
2009 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 206-220Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Limited, 2009
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-386 (URN)
Available from: 2010-02-25 Created: 2010-02-25 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Olsson, E.-K. & Paglia, E. (2008). Global Problem: National Accountability: Framing Accountability in the Australian Context of Climate Change. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 16(2), 70-79
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global Problem: National Accountability: Framing Accountability in the Australian Context of Climate Change
2008 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 70-79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2008
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2144 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-5973.2008.00535.x (DOI)
Available from: 2011-11-14 Created: 2011-11-14 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Roberts, P. & Paglia, E.Science as National Belonging: the Construction of Svalbard as a Norwegian Space.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science as National Belonging: the Construction of Svalbard as a Norwegian Space
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines how science has been employed to establish, maintain, and contest senses of belonging on Svalbard, an Arctic archipelago administered by Norway since 1925 under an international treaty. The central argument is that the process of constructing Svalbard as a space belonging to Norway has long been intertwined with the processes of describing and representing the archipelago, and that participating in those processes has also permitted other states to articulate their own narratives of belonging— on Svalbard in particular and in the Arctic more generally. The concept of belonging is deployed to capture a sense of legitimate presence and stakeholdership that we do not believe can be adequately captured by the narrow concept of sovereignty. The article explores Norway’s historic and current use of science to validate (and even naturalize) its rule over Svalbard. At the same time, we argue that other states use science on Svalbard to articulate geopolitical scripts that portray them as stakeholders in an Arctic that is of trans-regional relevance due to the teleconnected effects of climate change.

 

Keywords
Arctic, history of science, Ny-Ålesund, polar geopolitics, research stations, scripting, Svalbard
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5680 (URN)
Available from: 2015-12-11 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2016-01-04Bibliographically approved
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