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Engelbrekt, Kjell, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3218-5647
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 62) Show all publications
Engelbrekt, K. (2023). Den europeiska säkerhetsordningen: Är detta vägs ände?. In: Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski & Lars Oxelheim (Ed.), EU:s inre och yttre gränser i en konfliktfylld värld: (pp. 221-247). Stockholm: Santérus Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den europeiska säkerhetsordningen: Är detta vägs ände?
2023 (Swedish)In: EU:s inre och yttre gränser i en konfliktfylld värld / [ed] Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski & Lars Oxelheim, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2023, p. 221-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2023
Series
Europaperspektiv, ISSN 1403-3879 ; 2023
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11549 (URN)978-91-7359-192-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-05-29 Created: 2023-05-29 Last updated: 2023-05-29Bibliographically approved
Engelbrekt, K. (2023). Sweden’s 2017–18 UNSC Formula: Mobilizing the MFA’s Competitive Advantages, Highlighting Africa, and Boosting the E10. International Peacekeeping, 30(3), 358-379
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden’s 2017–18 UNSC Formula: Mobilizing the MFA’s Competitive Advantages, Highlighting Africa, and Boosting the E10
2023 (English)In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 358-379Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines Sweden’s successful 2016 bid to serve at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and shows that the subsequent 2017–18 tenure relied on a formula with three key elements. One was to mobilize the competitive advantages of its Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), and a second to systematically highlight Africa-related priorities. A third element was to boost the standing of the E10 category of members in day-to-day diplomatic practice. After securing a plurality of votes in the General Assembly, Swedish diplomats went to work with a unique constellation of concurrently serving likeminded countries, generally receptive to Stockholm’s priorities. The formula appears to have contributed to a solid performance in 2017–2018. That said, the UNSC is not conducive to individual E10 members having a lasting impact on its institutional memory.

Keywords
Sweden, diplomacy, elected members, Africa
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11538 (URN)10.1080/13533312.2023.2196019 (DOI)
Projects
The Nordic Africa Institute, the Institute for Pan-African Thought and Conversation at the University of Johannesburg and the University of Pretoria’s Centre for the Advancement Scholarship/Formas
Available from: 2023-06-01 Created: 2023-06-01 Last updated: 2023-10-13Bibliographically approved
Engelbrekt, K. (2023). Ukrainakriget och den regelbaserade världsordningen: en initialbedömning. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 125(3), 545-572
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ukrainakriget och den regelbaserade världsordningen: en initialbedömning
2023 (English)In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 125, no 3, p. 545-572Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Russia’s war in Ukraine is primarily an existential threat to the Ukrainian society and its institutions, and furthermore an enormous challenge for neighboring countries, the EU and NATO. Yet beyond the European continent, one can also discern the contours of an alternative world order, in that today’s rule-based system anchored in international legal principles of national sovereignty, formal equality and territorial integrity are less respected. The article examines how the international community, and especially the most resourceful actors, have responded to the war in Ukraine as an indication of levels of support for a rules-based world order with or without “liberal characteristics”, or for a system where regional great powers wield greater impact in their immediate neighborhood. To arrive at a nuanced analysis, a range of concepts and methods from the study of international relations and foreign policy decision-making are employed.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12087 (URN)
Available from: 2024-01-03 Created: 2024-01-03 Last updated: 2024-01-04Bibliographically approved
Engelbrekt, K. (2022). Beyond Burdensharing and European Strategic Autonomy: Rebuilding Transatlantic Security After the Ukraine War. European Foreign Affairs Review, 27(03), 383-400
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond Burdensharing and European Strategic Autonomy: Rebuilding Transatlantic Security After the Ukraine War
2022 (English)In: European Foreign Affairs Review, ISSN 1384-6299, E-ISSN 1875-8223, Vol. 27, no 03, p. 383-400Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The war in Ukraine unleashed in early 2022 may temporarily obscure the long-term trend that the United States is shrinking its military footprint in and around Europe, as the defence posture of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) in Central Europe suddenly was bolstered by tens ofthousands of additional US troops. For as long as the war drags on, certainly, these reinforcements will stay in place. But if, and when, the war ends or shifts to attrition warfare stretching out for years, aswas the case after the 2014 annexation of the Crimea, one can easily envisage changes in how European governments manage security and defence issues among themselves and in relation to their North American counterparts. While the debate on transatlantic security so far has played out in two distinct modes, either focusing on the economic side of burdensharing or projecting a vision of European strategic autonomy, there is a need for a more sober understanding of the future division of labour, one that would be grounded in the right blend of economics and deterrence. The main suggestion of this article is that stakeholders on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean ‘split the difference’ and strike a new grand bargain on the basis of their respective strengths. Once key issues of financial equity and militarydeterrence have been adequately addressed, European governments will still have their work cut out forthemselves. They must elaborate solutions to specific challenges at the sub-strategic theatre level and atthe same time navigate the complexities of optimizing defence reforms, aligning regional force designs and rendering foreign policy compatible with the strategic priorities of the European Union (EU) and Europe at large.

Keywords
Transatlantic relations, foreign and security policy, burdensharing, strategic autonomy, financial equity, deterrence, nuclear weapons
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11074 (URN)
Available from: 2022-09-23 Created: 2022-09-23 Last updated: 2023-05-29Bibliographically approved
Bakardjieva, M., Bengtsson, S., Bolin, G. & Engelbrekt, K. (2021). Digital Media and the Dynamics of Civil Society: Retooling Citizenship in New EU Democracies. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield International
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital Media and the Dynamics of Civil Society: Retooling Citizenship in New EU Democracies
2021 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Nowadays, it is already a truism to state that digital media are effective tools used by citizens, civil society organizations (CSOs) and social movementsto protest, to demand, to push and (sometimes) achieve social and political change. No question, they are. This has been observed and registered time and again in a luminous series of academic contributions (some notable examples include Castells 2012; Cottle 2011; De Luca. Lawson and Sun 2012; Howard and Muzammil 2011; Tremayne 2014; Tufekci 2017). Exactly how these media have been taken up by civic actors in specific contexts has been studied and discussed in fascinating detail (Cammaerts, 2018; Gerbaudo 2012; Treré 2019). This book goes one step further to ask a broader question: Has the use of digital media by civic actors improved (or depleted) the quality of democratic life understood as broad and effective citizen participation in public affairs and decision-making? 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2021
Keywords
digital media, civil society, media repertoires, New Europe, Bulgaria, Estonia
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10340 (URN)9781786616395 (ISBN)9781786616401 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, Dnr 33/14 2014
Available from: 2021-09-25 Created: 2021-09-25 Last updated: 2021-12-03Bibliographically approved
Engelbrekt, K. & Kostadinova, P. (2020). Bulgarian Democratic Institutions at Thirty: A Balance Sheet (1ed.). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bulgarian Democratic Institutions at Thirty: A Balance Sheet
2020 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Thirty years after Bulgaria’s democratic breakthrough, this book provides a “balance sheet” of the country’s democratic institutions through a number of interdisciplinary contributions. The volume is organized around three themes—democratic institutions, civil society, and European Union (EU) processes—and examines such topics such as voting, political parties, populism, media, civil society organizations, identity, and the rule of law. While the contributors argue that Bulgaria’s democracy is successful in terms of the procedural norms of democracy, civic participation, and compliance with EU rules, they also identify serious problem areas. Bulgaria’s democratic institutions struggle with obstacles such as populist Euroscepticism, political elitism, corruption, and a lack of political accountability, though this volume fully acknowledges the historical development of Bulgarian democracy, including its achievements and continuing setbacks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2020. p. 305 Edition: 1
Keywords
Bulgaria, democratic institutions, EU, civil society, elections
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9101 (URN)978-1-7936-0772-0 (ISBN)978-1-7936-0773-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-03-24 Created: 2020-03-24 Last updated: 2021-11-09Bibliographically approved
Engelbrekt, K. (2020). European Participation in International Military Operations: National Decision-Making and the Role of EU Institutions. In: Voskopoulos, George (Ed.), European Union Security and Defence: Policies, Operations and Transatlantic Challenges (pp. 95-100). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>European Participation in International Military Operations: National Decision-Making and the Role of EU Institutions
2020 (English)In: European Union Security and Defence: Policies, Operations and Transatlantic Challenges / [ed] Voskopoulos, George, Cham: Springer, 2020, p. 95-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book explores the multilayer nexus among inter-related international and regional security parameters that critically define the EU's rapidly changing security environment. In terms of intensity, complexity and urgency these changes constitute challenges that threaten the very core of European security - both internal and external. In a fluid and transitional international environment of diversified needs and polymorphic threats the space dimension acquires a novel unified meaning. The book closely examines the EU's current strategic, organisational and defence capabilities regarding global, regional and domestic challenges such as terrorism, systemic instability, global order and a number of crucial hindrances to transatlantic cooperation. The chapters offer not only valuable theoretical insights, but also unique perspectives on operational and organisational elements of EU applied policies based on the testimonies of field experts. The combination of theory-based approaches and the demonstration of the EU's operational capabilities and weaknesses as externalized through its global strategy choices provide an overall evaluation of adopted policies and their effects. This is crucial in a global transition period that will define the EU's role and its potential to produce desired outcomes through synergies with its strategic allies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2020
Series
Contributions to Political Science, ISSN 2198-7289
Keywords
European Union, military operations, defence strategy, international organisation
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10341 (URN)9783030488925 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-09-25 Created: 2021-09-25 Last updated: 2021-10-08Bibliographically approved
Engelbrekt, K. (2020). Sveriges medlemskap i FN:s säkerhetsråd 2017-18: En utvärdering. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sveriges medlemskap i FN:s säkerhetsråd 2017-18: En utvärdering
2020 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2020. p. 128
Keywords
Sverige, FN:s säkerhetsråd, diplomati, säkerhetspolitk
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9693 (URN)978-91-88975-02-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-02-02 Created: 2021-02-02 Last updated: 2021-02-05Bibliographically approved
Lundqvist, S. & Engelbrekt, K. (2019). Reintroducing the Great Power Gaze: The Case for a Baltic-Arctic Security Complex. In: : . Paper presented at 44th British International Studies Association (BISA) Annual Conference, 12-14 June 2019, London, England.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reintroducing the Great Power Gaze: The Case for a Baltic-Arctic Security Complex
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Baltic Sea and the Arctic have once again become scenes for geostrategic great power competition, influencing regional economic, military and environmental security. Here, international relationships span a spectrum from friendship to fear. We observe that a host of different units of analysis currently compete for our attention in this part of Europe. But while “Scandinavia”, “the Nordic area”, “the Baltic Sea region”, “the High North” and “the Arctic” help focus strategic analysis on important and sometimes overlapping components of this area, security complex theory prescribes that we must adopt a broader, multi-layered view in order to understand how great and small power interests play out in this part of the world today. Such analysis must consider China’s global role, NATO’s increasingly elaborate military planning and the Russian Federation’s perception of vulnerabilities and opportunities, in an area that stretches from the Suwalki gap in East-Central Europe to the Barents Sea. In addition, security complex analysis benefits from including the perspectives of small states that control key territories – such as resource-rich continental shelves and exclusive economic zones – and from taking relevant international bodies into account as enabling and constraining factors. As part of a larger project, this paper reviews several sets of open source documents indicative of the incentive structure of such key players, published over the past five years. We delve into the political, economic and military dimensions of aims and actions by three categories of actors, namely: i) China, Russia, the United States; ii) Denmark, Norway; Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Canada; and iii) the EU, NATO and the Arctic Council. We conclude that, while smaller units of analysis still make sense for limited research purposes, the concept of a Baltic-Arctic security complex is necessary for meaningful strategic analysis.

Keywords
regional security, regional security complex theory, Arctic, Baltic Sea, great powers, small states
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8881 (URN)
Conference
44th British International Studies Association (BISA) Annual Conference, 12-14 June 2019, London, England
Available from: 2019-12-19 Created: 2019-12-19 Last updated: 2020-01-17Bibliographically approved
Engelbrekt, K. (2018). A brief intellectual history of geopolitical thought and its relevance to the Baltic Sea region. Global Affairs, 4(4-5), 475-485
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A brief intellectual history of geopolitical thought and its relevance to the Baltic Sea region
2018 (English)In: Global Affairs, ISSN 2334-0460, E-ISSN 2334-0479, Vol. 4, no 4-5, p. 475-485Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article outlines a general history of the intellectual origins and development of geopolitical thought. It provides categories for assessing contemporary expressions of this phenomenon, and then discusses the applicability of these tools to the Baltic Sea region. The article focuses on eliciting and juxtaposing contrasts between the three classical bodies of literature that evolved largely in parallel, and ends up briefly commenting on a fourth, partly “critical” approach. The main takeaway is that considering all four geopolitical approaches before applying any of them to the Baltic Sea realm encourages analysts to embrace a more holistic and dynamic viewpoint than each of the alternatives individually can offer. Such a conceptualization promises to forge analytical linkages between a series of relevant, geographically contingent circumstances including resources, arenas and communities that represent prerequisites and opportunities incrisis, conflict, or war.

Keywords
geopolitics, Baltic Sea region, Russia, intellectual history, conceptual approach
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8209 (URN)10.1080/23340460.2018.1535256 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-11-02 Last updated: 2019-04-15Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3218-5647

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