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Johansson, Linda
Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Frisk, R. & Johansson, L. (2019). Military operations planning and goal-management: a philosophical perspective: thoughts on how decision theory and ethics can help improve military goal-management. Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, 19(3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Military operations planning and goal-management: a philosophical perspective: thoughts on how decision theory and ethics can help improve military goal-management
2019 (English)In: Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, ISSN 1488-559X, E-ISSN 1488-559X, Vol. 19, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses and reviews some previous research concerning what we denote as ‘goal-management’, in other words how to set, apply and evaluate goals when conducting military operations planning. We aim to explain and answer the following question:

  • In what way could a review of previous philosophical thoughts on goal-management, decision theory and ethics improve contemporary military operations planning concerning goal-management?

We suggest a guideline (a planning tool) for how to conduct goal-management when planning military operations and exemplify our guideline with two fictive examples concerning the development of an Operational advice and Appreciation of Rules of Engagement. The paper concludes that the application of decision theory and ethics, i.e. important parts of philosophy, can contribute to military operations planning by focusing on three perspectives: an axiomatic, an ethical and a deliberative perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Calgary: Centre for Military and Strategic Studies, 2019
Keywords
military operations planning, goal management
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8538 (URN)
Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-15 Last updated: 2019-11-07Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L. (2018). Artificiell intelligens och konstgjord moral. Religion & Livsfrågor (4), 4-5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Artificiell intelligens och konstgjord moral
2018 (Swedish)In: Religion & Livsfrågor, ISSN 0347-2159, no 4, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Föreningen Lärare i religionskunskap, 2018
Keywords
artificiell intelligens, moral
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8214 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2020-03-31Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L. (2018). Den leende roboten. Axess (1), 51-53
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den leende roboten
2018 (Swedish)In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, no 1, p. 51-53Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Robotar kan vara roliga. Samtidigt är det svårt att tänka sig att de skulle kunna programmeras för att få känsla för tillvarons absurditeter. Frågan är om en robot kan ha humor. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Axess publishing, 2018
Keywords
robotar, mänsklighet, humor
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8215 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L. (2018). Ethical aspects of military maritime and aerial autonomous systems. Journal of Military Ethics, 17(2-3), 140-155
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethical aspects of military maritime and aerial autonomous systems
2018 (English)In: Journal of Military Ethics, ISSN 1502-7570, E-ISSN 1502-7589, Vol. 17, no 2-3, p. 140-155Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two categories of ethical questions surrounding military autonomous systems are discussed in this article. The first category concerns ethical issues regarding the use of military autonomous systems in the air and in the water. These issues are systematized with the Laws of Armed Conflict (LOAC) as a backdrop. The second category concerns whether autonomous systems may affect the ethical interpretation of LOAC. It is argued that some terms in LOAC are vague and can be interpreted differently depending on which ethical normative theory is used, which may increase with autonomous systems. The impact of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) on the laws of war will be discussed and compared to Maritime Autonomous Systems (MAS). The conclusion is that there is need for revisions of LOAC regarding autonomous systems, and that the greatest ethically relevant difference between UAVs and MAS has to do with issues connected to jus ad bellum – particularly lowering the threshold for starting war – but also the sense of unfairness, violation of integrity, and the potential for secret wars.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Keywords
military ethics, autonomous systems, unmanned aerial vehicles, maritime autonomous systems
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8537 (URN)10.1080/15027570.2018.1552512 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-15 Last updated: 2019-12-16Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L. (2017). Bör robotar få döda?: Etiska aspekter på militära autonoma system. Tidskrift i sjöväsendet (1), 26-35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bör robotar få döda?: Etiska aspekter på militära autonoma system
2017 (Swedish)In: Tidskrift i sjöväsendet, ISSN 0040-6945, no 1, p. 26-35Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Two concepts are central in the debate regarding lethal autonomous weapon systems: autonomy and dignity. Autonomy is crucial when looking at the responsibility, particularly when autonomous systems become more advanced, and there is also an issue on whether they can be held responsible for their actions. But even if that is not the case, they may affect the responsibility of humans in the decision-chain. The other term, dignity, is used in the debate on whether autonomous systems should be allowed to make decisions on killing. The argument is that autonomous systems should not be allowed to kill, since they are not able to respect human dignity. My point is that these concepts need to be discussed more in anticipation of more advanced robots and autonomous weapon systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Kungl. Örlogsmannasällskapet, 2017
Keywords
robotar, autonoma system, etik
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8216 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L. (2017). Är det fegt att använda drönare?. In: Peter Haldén och Björn Tjällén (Ed.), Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget (pp. 195-217). Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Är det fegt att använda drönare?
2017 (Swedish)In: Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget / [ed] Peter Haldén och Björn Tjällén, Nordic Academic Press, 2017, p. 195-217Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordic Academic Press, 2017
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7422 (URN)9789188168801 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-27 Created: 2018-04-27 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L. (2015). Drömmen om oblodiga krig. Militär historia (12)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drömmen om oblodiga krig
2015 (Swedish)In: Militär historia, ISSN 2000-3471, no 12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5742 (URN)
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-01-12Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L. (2015). Drönare: från ballonger till fjärrstyrda bombplan. Militär historia (12)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drönare: från ballonger till fjärrstyrda bombplan
2015 (Swedish)In: Militär historia, ISSN 2000-3471, no 12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5741 (URN)
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-01-12Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L. (2015). Filosofiska aspekter på autonoma system. Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift (2), 167-177
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Filosofiska aspekter på autonoma system
2015 (Swedish)In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 167-177Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2015
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5739 (URN)
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L. (2015). Äkta robotar. Stockholm: Fri Tanke förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Äkta robotar
2015 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Fri Tanke förlag, 2015. p. 175
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5740 (URN)9789187513626 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-01-12Bibliographically approved
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