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Börjesson, Marcus
Publications (10 of 42) Show all publications
Oprins, E., Kamphuis, W., Westerveld, L., Huybens, W., Börjesson, M., Johansson, E. & Aalto, H. (2024). Predictive validity of a selection instrument measuring resilience: The INSPIRE resilience scale. Military Psychology, 36(1), 58-68
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Predictive validity of a selection instrument measuring resilience: The INSPIRE resilience scale
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2024 (English)In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 58-68Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Military personnel needs to be resilient to be able to remain effective, motivated, and in good mental and physical health. Military organizations select on resilience to determine whether candidates are psychologically fit for their job. The INSPIRE Resilience Scale (IRS) is such a selection instrument that aims to assess the psychological resilience potential of candidates in high-risk professions. A longitudinal predictive validity study was conducted in five European Defense organizations and in the Dutch National Police. The IRS was submitted in selection (N = 11,404), and criterion data about performance and health were collected in the second half of the first training year (N = 726). The results based on correlational and regression analyses showed that the IRS scores significantly predicted the criterion measures. Emotional stability, part of the IRS, turned out to be the best predictor. Results also showed that candidates who dropped out of training had significantly lower means on the IRS in selection than candidates who were still in training in the second half of the first training year. Overall, the IRS proved to be a valid instrument to assess resilience potential in candidates for high-risk professions. Selecting on resilience may therefore contribute to training success and reduction of health problems.

Keywords
personnel selection, resilience, predictive validity, psychological measurement, assessment
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10428 (URN)10.1080/08995605.2021.1968290 (DOI)000712169200001 ()
Available from: 2021-11-09 Created: 2021-11-09 Last updated: 2024-01-11Bibliographically approved
Österberg, J., Jonsson, E. & Börjesson, M. (2024). Views on an officer career: the relationship between personality, leadership expectations and perceived qualities. Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 12(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Views on an officer career: the relationship between personality, leadership expectations and perceived qualities
2024 (English)In: Current Issues in Personality Psychology, ISSN 2353-4192, Vol. 12, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

The Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) have had difficulties in recruiting a sufficient amount of cadets to the officer program during the period with an all-volunteer force.

Participants and procedure:

Data were collected from different officer programs. 318 respondents fostered in the all-volunteer force (AVF) system completed the questionnaire and a cross-sectional design was used where cadets received a questionnaire at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of their training.

Results:

The results show that the informants perceived a clear distinction between leadership challenges in the short and long term. The cadets rate their practical knowledge/experience and gaining trust as most challenging in the short term, and personnel supply and reorganization in the long term. Younger cadets rate leadership challenges higher than older cadets do, which is in line with maturing as a human being and gaining more experience. Results based on personality were consistent with previous studies. Two of the future challenges for cadets, short-term leadership and knowledge challenges, showed associations with extraversion and neuroticism.

Conclusions:

The results illustrate important topics to be stressed during the three year long officer program, in order to prepare cadets both with knowledge and skills but also with confidence and trust. This is of particular importance as the need to increase the number of cadets graduating from the academic officer program is growing. It implies that more and more cadets will be recruited directly from the basic military training, i.e., being young with relatively low military and leadership experience.

Keywords
personality, leadership, officer
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12300 (URN)10.5114/cipp/174517 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-03-07 Created: 2024-03-07 Last updated: 2024-03-08Bibliographically approved
Fors Brandebo, M., Börjesson, M. & Hilmarsson, H. (2022). Longitudinal studies on cohesion in a military context: A systematic review. Military Psychology, 34(6), 732-741
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Longitudinal studies on cohesion in a military context: A systematic review
2022 (English)In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 732-741Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cohesion is one of the most studied group phenomena and there is an agreement among scholars today that cohesion is a key contributor to team functioning and performance. A large body of research has shown that cohesion has several positive effects on psychological, social, and behavioral outcomes. Since research on cohesion has increased significantly in recent decades there is a need for an updated overview of research regarding antecedents and outcomes of cohesion in a military context. In this paper, a systematic literature review is conducted. The paper adheres to suggestions by scholars, relating the results in accordance with the dimensionality (i.e. social, task, or general) and organizational level of the construct (i.e. horizontal, vertical, or organizational) as well as focusing exclusively on studies with a longitudinal design. The paper highlights gaps in the literature and provides direction for future research.

Keywords
cohesion, military, antecedents, outcomes, military groups
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10815 (URN)10.1080/08995605.2022.2041995 (DOI)000763339300001 ()
Available from: 2022-05-11 Created: 2022-05-11 Last updated: 2022-12-14Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M., Espevik, R. & Bergman, D. (2022). Stress i teori och praktik. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stress i teori och praktik
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022
Series
PM ILL-K ; 5-2022
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11299 (URN)
Available from: 2023-01-11 Created: 2023-01-11 Last updated: 2023-11-27Bibliographically approved
Svensén, S., Börjesson, M. & Fors Brandebo, M. (2022). Validering av urvalsprocessen till Officersprogrammet: Resultat av samtliga tre mätningar 2020-2022. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validering av urvalsprocessen till Officersprogrammet: Resultat av samtliga tre mätningar 2020-2022
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022
Series
PM ILL-K ; 9-2022
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11305 (URN)
Available from: 2023-01-11 Created: 2023-01-11 Last updated: 2023-01-11Bibliographically approved
Svensén, S., Börjesson, M. & Fors Brandebo, M. (2021). Validering av urvalsprocessen till Officersprogrammet: Delrapportering mätning 1 och 2 2021. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validering av urvalsprocessen till Officersprogrammet: Delrapportering mätning 1 och 2 2021
2021 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2021. p. 24
Series
PM ISSL/LedAvd-K 12-2021
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10568 (URN)
Available from: 2022-01-04 Created: 2022-01-04 Last updated: 2022-01-10Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M., Lundqvist, C., Gustafsson, H. & Davis, P. (2018). Flotation REST as a Stress Reduction Method: The Effects on Anxiety, Muscle Tension, and Performance. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 12(3), 333-346
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flotation REST as a Stress Reduction Method: The Effects on Anxiety, Muscle Tension, and Performance
2018 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, ISSN 1932-9261, E-ISSN 1932-927X, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 333-346Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of flotation REST upon skilled and less skilled golfers’ anxiety in terms of physiological indicators of stress, self-rated anxiety scores, muscle tension, and the effect on golf putting. Prior to performing the putting task participants underwent a treatment of flotation REST or a period of resting in an armchair. Participants completed both treatments in a randomized order with a two-week interval. The results showed that both flotation REST and the armchair treatment reduced systolic blood pressure and heart rate, with no differences between treatments or athlete skill levels. No significant differences between treatments were revealed regarding self-ratings, level of muscle tension or putting precision. The results indicate that flotation REST may be useful for reducing negative symptoms related to stress and anxiety in general; however, no support for direct positive effects on golf performance were found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2018
Keywords
cognitive anxiety, electromyography, flotation REST, golf putting, somatic anxiety
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9119 (URN)10.1123/jcsp.2017-0032 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053288740 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-04-16 Created: 2020-04-16 Last updated: 2023-03-06Bibliographically approved
Österberg, J., Börjesson, M. & Enander, A. (2018). Profiling the Swedish Ranger: Perceptions of Motivation, Profession and Risk and Safety Issues. In: Jessica Glicken Turnley, Kobi Michael & Eyal Ben-Ari (Ed.), Special Operations Forces in the 21st Century: Perspectives from the Social Sciences. Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Profiling the Swedish Ranger: Perceptions of Motivation, Profession and Risk and Safety Issues
2018 (English)In: Special Operations Forces in the 21st Century: Perspectives from the Social Sciences / [ed] Jessica Glicken Turnley, Kobi Michael & Eyal Ben-Ari, Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Series
Cass Military Studies
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7299 (URN)9781138632622 (ISBN)9781315208114 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-02-23 Created: 2018-02-23 Last updated: 2018-02-23Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M. & Enander, A. (2017). Individen och risker. In: Ann Enander, Marcus Börjesson (Ed.), Rustad för risk: riskpsykologi för militärer och insatsorganisationer (pp. 47-68). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individen och risker
2017 (Swedish)In: Rustad för risk: riskpsykologi för militärer och insatsorganisationer / [ed] Ann Enander, Marcus Börjesson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 47-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6641 (URN)9789144113838 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-14 Created: 2017-03-14 Last updated: 2017-06-15Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M. & Wallenius, C. (2017). Ledarrollen (1ed.). In: Ann Enander Marcus Börjesson (Ed.), Rustad för risk: Riskpsykologi för miltärer och insatsorganisationer (pp. 179-201). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ledarrollen
2017 (Swedish)In: Rustad för risk: Riskpsykologi för miltärer och insatsorganisationer / [ed] Ann Enander Marcus Börjesson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1, p. 179-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7421 (URN)9789144113838 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-26 Created: 2018-04-26 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
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