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Publications (10 of 53) Show all publications
Wallenius, C., Brandow, C., Berglund, A. K. & Jonsson, E. (2018). Anchoring Sweden’s Post-conscript Military: Insights From Elites in the Political and Military Realm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anchoring Sweden’s Post-conscript Military: Insights From Elites in the Political and Military Realm
2018 (English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The universal nature of conscription ties or anchors broad segments of society to the military. What happens to societal anchoring after the draft ends? Using in-depth interviews with two groups of elites, this article explores factors that promote and hinder the Swedish Military’s societal anchoring post-conscription. The first group consisted of 18 executives at the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) headquarters with strategic positions in relation to societal anchoring. The second group consisted of 15 representatives from the corresponding political level: members of the parliamentary Committee on Defense and their officials. The interviews were semistructured and analyzed according to a grounded theory-inspired approach. Main themes concerning obstacles were the public’s low interest and dated knowledge, an unclear political debate resulting in vague expectations concerning the SAF, as well as unclear responsibility for informing the public, and confidence gaps between the military and the political elite.

Keyword
civil–military relations, defense policy, democracy, governmental organization
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7340 (URN)10.1177/0095327X18755107 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Armed Forces
Available from: 2018-03-14 Created: 2018-03-14 Last updated: 2018-03-14
Wallenius, C. & Brandow, C. (2017). How (Not) to Implement an Unpopular Decision: A Case-Study of the Swedish Armed Forces. Res Militaris, 7(1), 1-12
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How (Not) to Implement an Unpopular Decision: A Case-Study of the Swedish Armed Forces
2017 (English)In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the armed forces' ability to implement an unpopular decision while maintaining commitment and job satisfaction among its personnel, as well as examine what factors affect the perceived outcome of a decision process in a military context. In line with earlier research, it was hypothesized that a fair process, knowledge (about the circumstances and objectives of the decision) and trust (in the decision-makers) will promote decision acceptance. An additional hypothesis was that a higher hierarchal position will promote understanding of the decision. A specific decision process was chosen - that which led to the 2010 choice to make service on international military missions mandatory for all personnel in the Swedish Armed Forces. An ad hoc questionnaire was constructed with the intention to measure the perception of the decision's input values, the decision process, the organization and decision-makers, as well as of the outcome. The questionnaire response rate was 48% (N = 229 respondents). The respondents were (predominantly middle-aged, mid-career, male) Swedish military officers and civilian employees. Knowledge about the decision, its perceived timing, and trust in the decision makers - but not the respondents' hierarchical position - significantly contributed to the outcome : its degree of acceptance. The study shows much dissatisfaction with the decision and its implications, but also a lack of knowledge about the decision-making process involved.

Keyword
Decision acceptance in a military context, knowledge, timing, trust, hierarchical position, Sweden.
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7288 (URN)
Available from: 2018-02-15 Created: 2018-02-15 Last updated: 2018-02-20Bibliographically approved
Wallenius, C., Brandow, C., Berglund, A. K. & Hede, S. (2015). Befolkningens syn på försvarets folkförankring: En enkätstudie på ett befolkningsurval. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Befolkningens syn på försvarets folkförankring: En enkätstudie på ett befolkningsurval
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2015. p. 38
Series
Ledarskapscentrum Serie I.: Informations- och utbildningsmaterial ; 99
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6683 (URN)9789186137540 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-04-18 Created: 2017-04-18 Last updated: 2017-06-15Bibliographically approved
Wallenius, C., Mattsson, P., Hyllengren, P. & Brandow, C. (2015). Psychological Operations: What Makes them Work?. In: : . Paper presented at Oral presentation at the 57th Annual IMTA Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychological Operations: What Makes them Work?
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Psychology Sociology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5803 (URN)
Conference
Oral presentation at the 57th Annual IMTA Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 2015
Available from: 2016-01-13 Created: 2016-01-13 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Wallenius, C., Brandow, C. & Berglund, A. K. (2015). To Maintain the Armed Forces' Anchoring in Society in the Post-conscription Era. In: : . Paper presented at Oral presentation at the 57th Annual IMTA Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>To Maintain the Armed Forces' Anchoring in Society in the Post-conscription Era
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5802 (URN)
Conference
Oral presentation at the 57th Annual IMTA Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 2015
Available from: 2016-01-13 Created: 2016-01-13 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Wallenius, C. (2014). Att lära sig stresshantering vid tillämpade övningar: Ett utbildningskoncept. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att lära sig stresshantering vid tillämpade övningar: Ett utbildningskoncept
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2014. p. 17
Series
PM ISSL/LC ; 1-2014
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5231 (URN)
Available from: 2015-01-16 Created: 2015-01-16 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved
Wallenius, C., Berglund, A. K. & Brandow, C. (2014). Den politiska nivåns syn på försvarets folkförankring: En intervjustudie med försvarspolitiker och deras tjänstemän. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den politiska nivåns syn på försvarets folkförankring: En intervjustudie med försvarspolitiker och deras tjänstemän
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2014
Series
Ledarskapscentrum Serie I.: Informations- och utbildningsmaterial ; 92
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5218 (URN)9789186137403 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-01-15 Created: 2015-01-15 Last updated: 2017-08-04Bibliographically approved
Wallenius, C., Bäccman, C. & Larsson, G. (2014). Examining the impact of personality and situational factors on decision making among military staffs. Journal of Military Studies, 5(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examining the impact of personality and situational factors on decision making among military staffs
2014 (English)In: Journal of Military Studies, ISSN 1799-3350, Vol. 5, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Military staff performance may be inferior due to several reasons. The purpose of the present survey was to study the impact of stress reactions, personality factors, situation awareness, and maladaptive group dynamics on the quality of the decision-making in Swedish high-level military staffs. Participants were mainly captains and majors, but also lieutenant colonels and colonels took part (n = 256, 61 % response rate). A mainly self-made questionnaire was administered in two staff exercises. Maladaptive group dynamics, stress exposure, lack of situation awareness, and negative stress reactions were the strongest predictors of poor staff performance, while personality had less impact.

Keyword
staff, performance, stress reactions, personality, group dynamics, decision-making
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5259 (URN)
Available from: 2015-01-27 Created: 2015-01-27 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved
Wallenius, C. (2014). Människans illusoriska rationalitet: om kampen mellan känsla och förnuft i samhälle och politik. Kristinehamn: Norlén & Slottner
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Människans illusoriska rationalitet: om kampen mellan känsla och förnuft i samhälle och politik
2014 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Är vi människor rationella? Väljer vi det alternativ med den bästa balansen mellan kostnad och nytta när vi fattar beslut? Eller styrs vi mer av våra känslor och impulser? Claes Wallenius menar att det kan vara både och, men oftare än vi vill tro det senare. Våra känslor - och våra sätt att hantera dessa - är viktiga orsaker till att beslut inte får förväntat resultat, såväl som till fiendebilder, våld och ondska.

 

Det kan vara fullt rimligt att använda magkänsla vid vardagliga beslut som bara berör en själv och inte får några dramatiska konsekvenser. Men fokus i denna bok är främst på olika sammanhang där beslut får - eller förväntas få - stora effekter. Den första delen tar upp frågor om vi är rationella i relation till olika typer av hot – alltifrån risker i samhället till livshotande situationer och krig. I den andra delen analyseras om politiska beslutsfattare och olika politiska rörelser är rationella – alltifrån ”vanliga” kommunalpolitiker till mer extrema och våldsbejakande rörelser. Boken innehåller också en teoretisk del där det förs en diskussion om hur vår bristande rationalitet kan förklaras och förstås.

Abstract [en]

Are humans rational? Do we generally choose the alternative with the best balance between costs and benefits when making decisions? Or are we to a large extent guided by our emotions and impulses? This book argues that it can be both ways. The latter may, however, be more frequently the case than we ourselves want to believe. Our emotions - and our way of coping with them - are important explanations for decisions that do not have the results that were anticipated, as well as to enemy images, violence and evil.

It may be reasonable to use gut instinct in everyday decisions that affect only one self and has no dramatic consequences. But the focus in this book is primarily in different contexts in which decisions may have - or may be expected to have - large effects. The first part addresses the question if we are rational in relation to different types of threats - from risks in the community to life-threatening situations and war. The second part analyzes whether political decision makers and various political movements are rational – ranging from the average local politicians to more extreme and violent movements.The book also includesa theoretical part, with a discussion about how our lack of rationality can be explained and understood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kristinehamn: Norlén & Slottner, 2014. p. 198
Keyword
rationalitet, beslut, politik, känsla, förnuft
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5349 (URN)978-91-87685-05-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-03-11 Created: 2015-03-11 Last updated: 2016-11-07Bibliographically approved
Ohlsson, A., Wallenius, C. & Larsson, G. (2014). The comprehensive Approach: Doctrinal Overview and implications for Leadership from a Swedish perspective. In: Effective Inter-agency Interactions and Governance in Comprehensive Approaches to Operations: . Paper presented at Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM) Symposium held in Stockholm, Sweden on 7-9 April 2014..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The comprehensive Approach: Doctrinal Overview and implications for Leadership from a Swedish perspective
2014 (English)In: Effective Inter-agency Interactions and Governance in Comprehensive Approaches to Operations, 2014Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5225 (URN)978-92-837-0218-4 (ISBN)
Conference
Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM) Symposium held in Stockholm, Sweden on 7-9 April 2014.
Available from: 2015-01-16 Created: 2015-01-16 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9990-2877

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