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Hyllengren, Peder
Publications (10 of 47) Show all publications
Ranstorp, M., Ahlin, F., Hyllengren, P. & Normark, M. (2019). Between Salafism and Salafi-Jihadism: Influence and Challenges for Swedish Society. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between Salafism and Salafi-Jihadism: Influence and Challenges for Swedish Society
2019 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

This study examines the influence from salafi and salafi-jihadist milieus inSweden and the interactions between these different forms. This executivesummary focuses on the evolution of salafi-jihadis milieus in Sweden andsurrounding salafi elements; messages from these milieus; their methods forinfluence and the impact on local communities in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2019. p. 50
Keywords
salafism, jihadism
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8534 (URN)978-91-86137-90-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-06 Created: 2019-05-06 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
Thielen, A., Sivertun, Å., Hyllengren, P. & Alvinius, A. (2019). Frames of the terrorist attack in Sweden: a qualitative study of true and fake news coverage. International Journal of Emergency Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Frames of the terrorist attack in Sweden: a qualitative study of true and fake news coverage
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, E-ISSN 1741-5071Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

On 7 April 2017, a terrorist attack occurred in central Stockholm. A hijacked lorry was intentionally driven into crowds along a pedestrian street. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore how the media framed this terrorist attack. The data collection approach was inductive and explorative, mainly involving searching electronic media databases. The qualitative analysis of 1294 articles resulted in four overarching themes describing how the terrorist attack was framed in the media. These frames are as follows: the incident, framed as confirmed, unconfirmed and denied information; the perception of leadership and authorities as trustworthy; the site perceived as a place of sorrow; and crisis management framed as the initial and sequential framing of the professionals, the heroes and the villains. The primary conclusion is that true as well as fake news affects crisis management and public opinion, which may create challenges for the entire society within the crisis management area. 

Keywords
terrorist attack; media; fake news; Sweden; crisis management
National Category
Sociology Psychology Political Science Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden; Militärteknik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8532 (URN)
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-05-02
Larsson, G., Bencker, A., Hyllengren, P. & Fors Brandebo, M. (2018). Leader development using group dynamic interventions: a systematic literature review. Scandinavian Psychologist, 5, Article ID e7.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leader development using group dynamic interventions: a systematic literature review
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Psychologist, ISSN 0036-5653, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 5, article id e7Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This literature review aimed to synthesize the existing research on group dynamic interventions that are designed to enhance individual leadership development in organisations. Such interventions are typically intended to help leaders learn about both themselves and interpersonal relationships. A systematic mixed studies literature review with an integrated design was undertaken. The selection process resulted in nine articles that met the inclusion criteria. The scarcity of studies means that no reliable conclusion could be drawn on the sizes of effects and, thus, whether group dynamic interventions are effective or not. Given this situation, four tendencies could still be identified. First, interventions involving practical skills (e.g., problem-solving techniques) appear to be effective. Second, interventions focusing on inner processes (e.g., self-awareness, self-acceptance, and sensitivity to group processes) appear to have some favourable effects. Third, little evidence was found regarding the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving leaders’ interpersonal skills. Fourth, identified enablers and neutralizers include group characteristics, facilitator qualities, intervention goals and focus, a safe climate, and opportunities for practice. The lack of evidence regarding effectiveness does not mean that group dynamic interventions are ineffective. It means only that more research is necessary to evaluate this type of developmental intervention. 

Keywords
group dynamic intervention, leader development, short-term intervention, systematic literature review
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8318 (URN)10.15714/scandpsychol.5.e7 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2019-01-11 Last updated: 2019-01-21Bibliographically approved
Ranstorp, M., Ahlin, F., Hyllengren, P. & Normark, M. (2018). Mellan salafism och salafistisk jihadism: Påverkan mot och utmaningar för det svenska samhället. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mellan salafism och salafistisk jihadism: Påverkan mot och utmaningar för det svenska samhället
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie undersöker påverkan från salafistiska och salafist-jihaditiska miljöer i Sverige samt relationendem emellan. Fokus läggs på framväxten av salafist-jihadistiska miljöer i Sverige samt omgärdande salafistiskaelement; vilka budskap miljöerna förmedlar, metoder för påverkan samt vilken upplevd påverkan miljöerna hari svenska lokalsamhällen.

Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) har beställt och finansierat genomförandet av dennaforskningsrapport (alt. studierapport). Författarna är ensamma ansvariga för rapportens innehåll.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2018. p. 267
Keywords
Salafism, jihadism, terrorism
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8114 (URN)9789186137748 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-07-09 Last updated: 2018-08-14Bibliographically approved
Larsson, G., Nilsson, S., Hyllengren, P., Ohlsson, A., Waaler, G. & Kallenberg, K. (2018). Stress reactions following acute situations involving moral challenges among health care professionals. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 59(2), 177-185
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stress reactions following acute situations involving moral challenges among health care professionals
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 59, no 2, p. 177-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many health care professionals have to make morally difficult decisions during acute, stressful situations. The aim was to explore the applicability of an existing qualitatively developed model of individual reactions among professional first responders following such situations using a quantitative approach. According to the model, the interaction of antecedent individual and contextual characteristics affect the immediate emotional reactions to acute, stressful events involving a moral dilemma. Continuous coping efforts and the quality of social support will also affect the long‐term positive and negative reactions to the event. The participants (n = 204, about 50% response rate) represented three Swedish health care professions stationed at a university hospital and a regional hospital: Physicians (n = 50), nurses (n = 94) and “others” (n =60, mainly social welfare officers and assistant nurses). Except for the personality dimension emotional stability which was measured using an established instrument, all measurement scales were operationalizations of codes and categories from the qualitative study (ten scales altogether). Four multiple regression analyses were performed with long‐term positive and negative reactions in everyday acute and morally extremely taxing situations respectively as dependent variables. The outcome showed that long‐term positive reactions covaried with much use of the coping strategies Emotional distancing and Constructive emotional confrontation and a perception of a well‐functioning Formal social support. Regarding long‐term negative reactions, higher age and little use of Emotional distancing accounted for much of the variance. Immediate emotional reactions also contributed significantly. Conclusion: the results largely supported the model concepts and their assumed relationships.

Keywords
health care, stress, moral dilemma, coping, immediate reactions, long-term reactions
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7368 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12425 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Larsson, G., Alvinius, A., Fors Brandebo, M., Hyllengren, P., Nilsson, S. & Ohlsson, A. (2017). Leadership lessons: New challenges for smaller nations in multinational, highly stressful missions. In: Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg (Ed.), The Swedish presence in Afghanistan: security and defence transformation (pp. 116-137). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leadership lessons: New challenges for smaller nations in multinational, highly stressful missions
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2017 (English)In: The Swedish presence in Afghanistan: security and defence transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 116-137Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6512 (URN)9781472474094 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved
Hyllengren, P. (2017). Military Leaders' Adaptability in Unexpected Situations. Military Psychology, 29(4), 245-259
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Military Leaders' Adaptability in Unexpected Situations
2017 (English)In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 245-259Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates adaptability among lower-level military leaders in unexpected threatening situations. Two studies were performed. In the first, a grounded theory approach was used, and 16 Swedish officers and soldiers with experience from international peacekeeping operations were interviewed. A model was developed based on the results. In Study 2, the model concepts from Study 1 were operationalized into a questionnaire and data was obtained from 102 respondents from the Swedish Armed Forces who had recently served in Afghanistan. Based on Study 1, the model suggests that the key aspects of adaptive leadership in such circumstances are 2 balancing acts. One is how subordinates handle structure/following rules versus their own initiatives/freedom of action. The other concerns the balance between individual decision making versus group input. Both are affected by availability of time, resulting in a favorable/unfavorable outcome. The hypotheses from Study 1 were partly confirmed in Study 2.

Keywords
adaptability, military leadership, decision-making, personality
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8003 (URN)10.1037/mil0000183 (DOI)000405028600001 ()
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2018-07-24Bibliographically approved
Hyllengren, P., Nilsson, S., Ohlsson, A., Kallenberg, K., Waaler, G. & Larsson, G. (2016). Contextual factors affecting moral stress: a study of military and police officers. International journal of public leadership, 12(4), 275-288
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contextual factors affecting moral stress: a study of military and police officers
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2016 (English)In: International journal of public leadership, ISSN 2056-4929, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 275-288Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify and gain a deeper understanding of environmental, organizational, and group conditions, and leadership-related issues in particular, in severely stressful situations involving a moral stressor faced by military and police officers.

Design/methodology/approach

A combined deductive and inductive approach was used, and in total 23 military and police officers, all having experience of morally difficult decisions during severely stressful conditions, were interviewed.

Findings

A hierarchical conceptual framework of contextual characteristics was developed. The environmental, organizational, leadership-related, and group aspects identified in this study on morally stressful situations resemble findings from general research on work and stress. However, a stronger emphasis was put on leaders’ handling of values and his or her ability to confront senior management when needed.

Practical implications

The results suggest that well-documented methods aimed at the prevention of, and recovery from, work-related stress, also can be used in the case of extreme situations involving moral stressors.

Originality/value

The interplay between leadership and extreme situations involving moral stressors is, to the best of the knowledge, understudied.

National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6502 (URN)000390710000002 ()
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Kallenberg, K., Larsson, G., Nilsson, S. & Hyllengren, P. (2016). Moralisk stress och ledarskap. Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Moralisk stress och ledarskap
2016 (Swedish)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

I alla tider har människor plågats av svåra moraliska val, ibland till synes omöjliga. Men det är först på senare år som man har börjat uppmärksamma moralisk stress. Den kan uppkomma i arbetslivet. Den påverkar och påverkas av ledarskap.

Ledarskap utövas i ett socialt och kulturellt sammanhang med mer eller mindre tydliga normer och värderingar. Men hur ser de ut och i vilken utsträckning delar vi dem? Och vad gör vi när våra egna och den omgivande organisationens värderingar inte stämmer överens?

Boken belyser olika aspekter av ledarskap, organisationers värderingar och den enskildes val och beslut.

Framställningen bygger delvis på författarnas egen forskning men behandlar även utförligt hur man förebygger, hanterar och bemästrar moralisk stress på såväl individ- som organisationsnivå.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016. p. 160
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6507 (URN)9789144110936 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-01-16Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, L. & Hyllengren, P. (2015). Allt fler från Sverige strider i Syrien och Irak. Vårt Försvar (2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Allt fler från Sverige strider i Syrien och Irak
2015 (Swedish)In: Vårt Försvar, ISSN 0042-2800, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Keywords
Terrorism
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5564 (URN)
Available from: 2015-08-31 Created: 2015-08-31 Last updated: 2017-06-14Bibliographically approved
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