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Ranstorp, Magnus
Publications (10 of 51) Show all publications
Ranstorp, M., Ahlin, F., Hyllengren, P. & Normark, M. (2018). Mellan salafism och salafistisk jihadism: Påverkan mot och utmaningar för det svenska samhället. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mellan salafism och salafistisk jihadism: Påverkan mot och utmaningar för det svenska samhället
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie undersöker påverkan från salafistiska och salafist-jihaditiska miljöer i Sverige samt relationendem emellan. Fokus läggs på framväxten av salafist-jihadistiska miljöer i Sverige samt omgärdande salafistiskaelement; vilka budskap miljöerna förmedlar, metoder för påverkan samt vilken upplevd påverkan miljöerna hari svenska lokalsamhällen.

Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) har beställt och finansierat genomförandet av dennaforskningsrapport (alt. studierapport). Författarna är ensamma ansvariga för rapportens innehåll.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2018. p. 267
Keywords
Salafism, jihadism, terrorism
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8114 (URN)9789186137748 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-07-09 Last updated: 2018-08-14Bibliographically approved
Normark, M., Ranstorp, M. & Ahlin, F. (2017). Financial activities linked  to persons from Sweden  and Denmark who joined  terrorist groups in Syria  and Iraq during the period  2013 ‐ 2016: Report commissioned by Finansinspektionen.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Financial activities linked  to persons from Sweden  and Denmark who joined  terrorist groups in Syria  and Iraq during the period  2013 ‐ 2016: Report commissioned by Finansinspektionen
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 54
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6781 (URN)
Available from: 2017-07-04 Created: 2017-07-04 Last updated: 2017-10-25Bibliographically approved
Normark, M., Ranstorp, M. & Ahlin, F. (2017). Finansiella aktiviteter kopplade till personer från Sverige och Danmark som anslutit sig till terrorgrupper i Syrien och Irak mellan 2013 - 2016: Rapport på uppdrag av Finansinspektionen.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Finansiella aktiviteter kopplade till personer från Sverige och Danmark som anslutit sig till terrorgrupper i Syrien och Irak mellan 2013 - 2016: Rapport på uppdrag av Finansinspektionen
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 54
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6780 (URN)
Available from: 2017-07-04 Created: 2017-07-04 Last updated: 2017-10-25Bibliographically approved
Brenner, B. (2017). Gaza Under Hamas: From Islamic Democracy to Islamist Governance. London: I.B. Tauris
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gaza Under Hamas: From Islamic Democracy to Islamist Governance
2017 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Hamas is designated a terrorist organization by Israel, the EU, the USA and the UN. It has made itself notorious for its violent radicalism and uncompromising rejection of the Jewish state. So after its victory in the 2006 elections the world was watching. How would Hamas govern? Could an Islamist group without any experience of power - and with an unwavering ideology - manage to deal with day-to-day realities on the ground? Bjorn Brenner investigates what happened after the elections and puts the spotlight on the people over whom Hamas rules, rather than on its ideas. Lodging with Palestinian families and experiencing their daily encounters with Hamas, he offers an intimate perspective of the group as seen through local eyes. The book is based on hard-to-secure interviews with a wide range of key political and security figures in the Hamas administration, as well as with military commanders and members of the feared Qassam Brigades. Brenner has also sought out those that Hamas identifies as local trouble makers: the extreme Salafi-Jihadis and members of the now more quiescent mainstream Fatah party led by Mahmoud Abbas. The book provides a new interpretation of one of the most powerful forces in the Israel-Palestine arena, arguing that the Gazan Islamists carry a potential to be much more flexible and pragmatic than anticipated - if they would think they stand to gain from it. Gaza under Hamas investigates the key challenges to Hamas's authority and reveals why and in what ways ideology comes second to power consolidation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: I.B. Tauris, 2017. p. 252
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6353 (URN)9781784537777 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-09 Created: 2016-12-09 Last updated: 2017-06-15Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, L. & Ranstorp, M. (2017). Swedish Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq: An Analysis of open-source intelligence and statistical data. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq: An Analysis of open-source intelligence and statistical data
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The conflict in Syria and Iraq has resulted in an increase in the number of violent Islamist extremists in Sweden, and a significant increase of people from Sweden travelling to join terrorist groups abroad. Since 2012 it is estimated that about 300 people from Sweden have travelled to Syria and Iraq to join terrorist groups such as the Islamic State (IS) and, to a lesser extent, al-Qaeda affiliated groups such as Jabhat al-Nusra. Even though the foreign fighter issue has been on the political agenda for several years and received considerable media attention, very little is known about the Swedish contingent.

The purpose of this study is to examine a set of variables of the foreign fighters that have travelled from Sweden to join jihadi terrorist groups in Syria and Iraq in the period of June 2012 to September 2016. Much of the statistical data analysed have been declassified and provided by the Swedish Security Service. The variables examined are: time of travel; age; gender; geographical concentration in Sweden; citizenship and country of origin; average time spent in the conflict area; numbers of individuals killed; number of returnees; number of fighters remaining in the conflict area; social media activities; and the financing of foreign fighters. The analysis includes 267 people that are or have been residents of Sweden.

36 people (first-time travellers) travelled to Syria or Iraq in 2012, 98 in 2013, 78 in 2014, 36 in 2015, and 5 in 2016. In addition, some of the foreign fighters have travelled back and forth between the conflict area and Sweden. About 80 percent are associated with IS, and more than 30 percent are associated with Jabhat al-Nusra. 76 percent of the foreign fighters are men and 24 percent are women. The amount of women has significantly changed during the period, from “a few” in 2012 to 18 percent in 2013, and constituting about 40 percent of the foreign fighters in the conflict area in 2014 and 2015.

The average age of the foreign fighters is 26, and there are no significant differences between the average age of men and women. Still, there is a great variation indicating there are very young travellers but also older ones, as the age ranges in a span of 50 years. 18 percent of the travellers (45 people) are 19 or younger, while about 60 percent (154 people) are between the ages of 20 to 29. Very few people above the age of forty seem to travel. The average age does not change over the period.

A majority of the foreign fighters, an estimated 80 percent, come from four of Sweden’s 21 counties – Västra Götaland, Stockholm, Skåne and Örebro. About one third of the foreign fighters are, or have been, registered in Västra Götaland County, one quarter in Stockholm County, and a tenth in Örebro County and a tenth in Skåne County. More than seventy percent have been residents of an exposed area (socially deprived areas hit by high criminality and low socioeconomic status). There is information that there have been recruiters in some of the areas, but social media may also have played a role in the mobilisation of foreign fighters.

75 percent of the foreign fighters are Swedish citizens, and 34 percent are born in Sweden. There are geographical concentrations to North Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East, as was seen in the 1990’s and 2000’s. There are also concentrations to the Former Yugoslavia and Russia. 38 countries are represented when analysing country of birth, and most of the foreign fighters have at least one parent with country of birth outside of Sweden.

The average time spent in the conflict area is 16 months, but there is great variation where some foreign fighters have been there for only a month and others for several years. The average time spent for men is 16 months, while the average for women is 21 months.

At least 49 people from Sweden have died in Syria or Iraq. All of them are men. The data shows that there are no indications that a larger group of the Swedish foreign fighters has been killed in one single battle. Not more than three people have died during a single month. About half of those who have died are from the Västra Götaland region.

As of September 2016, 106 foreign fighters (40 percent) had returned to Sweden, while 112 (42 percent) were still in Syria or Iraq. It is estimated that 49 of the 267 (18 percent) have died in the conflict.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2017. p. 135
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6731 (URN)9789186137649 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-06-15 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2017-06-15Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, L., Hyllengren, P. & Ranstorp, M. (2015). From the Welfare State to the Caliphate: How a Swedish suburb became a breeding ground for foreign fighters streaming into Syria and Iraq.. Foreign policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From the Welfare State to the Caliphate: How a Swedish suburb became a breeding ground for foreign fighters streaming into Syria and Iraq.
2015 (English)In: Foreign policy, ISSN 0015-7228, E-ISSN 1945-2276Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2015
Keywords
Foreign Fighters, Terrorism, Sweden
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5352 (URN)
Available from: 2015-03-31 Created: 2015-03-31 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Ranstorp, M., Gustafsson, L. & Hyllengren, P. (2015). Förebyggande av våldsbejakande extremism på lokal nivå: Exempel och lärdomar från Sverige och Europa. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förebyggande av våldsbejakande extremism på lokal nivå: Exempel och lärdomar från Sverige och Europa
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2015. p. 73
Keywords
Våldsbejakande extremism, terrorism, förebyggande, kontraterrorism, Sverige
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5544 (URN)
Available from: 2015-07-09 Created: 2015-07-09 Last updated: 2017-06-16Bibliographically approved
Ranstorp, M. & Normark, M. (Eds.). (2015). Understanding Terrorism Innovation and Learning : Al-Qaeda and Beyond (1ed.). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Terrorism Innovation and Learning : Al-Qaeda and Beyond
2015 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book examines the role of terrorist innovation and learning in theory and practice, within the context of three specific EU case-studies.

The starting point for this book was twofold; first, to examine the issue of innovation and learning more generically both in theory, within specific themes, and within the context of al-Qaeda’s influence on this process; second, this book examines the evolution of specific al-Qaeda-related plots in three specific northern EU states – the United Kingdom, Denmark and Germany – where there has been a significant volume of planned, failed and executed terrorist plots. In particular, these case studies explore signs of innovation and learning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015. p. 298 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5412 (URN)9781138847439 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2015-06-05 Created: 2015-06-05 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, L., Ranstorp, M. & Hyllengren, P. (2014). Vilken roll har polisen för att förebygga och förhindra våldsbejakande extremism?. Svenska Polisförbundet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vilken roll har polisen för att förebygga och förhindra våldsbejakande extremism?
2014 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
Svenska Polisförbundet, 2014
Keywords
våldsbejakande extremism, polisen
National Category
Political Science Law
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5861 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-03 Created: 2016-02-03 Last updated: 2017-06-14Bibliographically approved
Ranstorp, M. & Hyllengren, P. (2013). Förebyggande av våldsbejakande extremism i tredjeland: Åtgärder för att förhindra att personer ansluter sig till väpnade extremistgrupper i konfliktzoner. Försvarshögskolan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förebyggande av våldsbejakande extremism i tredjeland: Åtgärder för att förhindra att personer ansluter sig till väpnade extremistgrupper i konfliktzoner
2013 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan, 2013. p. 298
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-3798 (URN)
Available from: 2013-05-21 Created: 2013-05-21 Last updated: 2016-01-15Bibliographically approved
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