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Ruffa, Chiara
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Ruffa, C. & Sundberg, R. (2018). Breaking the Frame: Frame disputes of war and peace. Acta Sociologica, 61(3), 317-332
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breaking the Frame: Frame disputes of war and peace
2018 (English)In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 317-332Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Frames guide the way in which organizations and individuals interpret their surrounding contexts and shape avenues for thought, action, and behavior. This paper tests the individuallevel effects of experiencing ‘frame disputes’: the state of holding individual-level frames that are at odds with dominant organizational frames. We hypothesize that on the individual level a frame dispute will be associated with negative effects on outcomes important for an organization’s functioning. The hypothesis is tested using a survey of a battalion of Italian soldiers. Our results demonstrate that, on average, soldiers who experienced frame disputes in that they perceived their mission differently from the dominant organizational frame displayed significantly lower levels of perceived cohesion, performance, and legitimacy. Frame disputes are likely to be widespread phenomena among organizations and social movements, and understanding their effects has theoretical, empirical, and policy relevance beyond the military case under study.

Keywords
Frames, military organizations, peacekeeping, Afghanistan, cohesion, sense-making, combat, Italy
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7208 (URN)10.1177/0001699317715758 (DOI)000439584900006 ()
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-08-07Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. (2018). Military Cultures in Peace and Stability Operations: Afghanistan and Lebanon (1ed.). University of Pennsylvania Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Military Cultures in Peace and Stability Operations: Afghanistan and Lebanon
2018 (English)Book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018. p. 204 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6479 (URN)9780812250183 (ISBN)9780812295047 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-11 Created: 2017-01-11 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. (2017). Military Cultures and Force Employment in Peace Operations. Security Studies, 26(3), 391-422
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Military Cultures and Force Employment in Peace Operations
2017 (English)In: Security Studies, ISSN 0963-6412, E-ISSN 1556-1852, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 391-422Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although hundreds of thousands of soldiers from different national contingents are deployed every year in multinational peace operations, no previous study has examined differences in peacekeeping practices along national lines. This paper first documents systematically differences in the way national contingents behave during peace operations in their respective area of operation. In a second step, it argues that these differences in behavior are largely consistent with the most important traits of each army's military culture. Based on extensive fieldwork conducted between 2007 and 2014 in Lebanon and Afghanistan, the paper shows how, within each mission, Italian soldiers prioritized humanitarian activities, while the French engaged in more patrolling activities, despite being both contingents deployed under similar conditions. These variations in behavior are consistent with the way French and Italian soldiers perceive the mission and context in which they deployed. And both the differences in behavior and perception are in line with the respective armies' military cultures. This paper contributes to the debate on the role of ideational factors in international politics and in particular to the ongoing discussion on strategic and military cultures.

National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7207 (URN)10.1080/09636412.2017.1306393 (DOI)000400966700002 ()
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. (2016). 'Just deploy and always call it peacekeeping!': Italian strategic culture and international military operations. In: Malena Britz (Ed.), European Participation in International Operations: the role of Strategic Culture (pp. 101-122). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Just deploy and always call it peacekeeping!': Italian strategic culture and international military operations
2016 (English)In: European Participation in International Operations: the role of Strategic Culture / [ed] Malena Britz, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 101-122Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2016
Series
New security challenges
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6478 (URN)9783319397580 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-11 Created: 2017-01-11 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. (2015). Cohesion, Political Motivation and Military Performance in the Italian Alpini. In: Anthony King (Ed.), Frontline: Combat and Cohesion in Iraq and Afghanistan (pp. 250-268). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cohesion, Political Motivation and Military Performance in the Italian Alpini
2015 (English)In: Frontline: Combat and Cohesion in Iraq and Afghanistan / [ed] Anthony King, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 250-268Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6120 (URN)10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719663.003.0012 (DOI)9780198719663 (ISBN)9780191788680 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-05-18 Created: 2016-05-18 Last updated: 2016-05-25Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. (2015). Peacekeeping operations (3ed.). In: Domonic A. Bearfield, Melvin J. Dubnick (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy: (pp. 2362-2369). London: CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peacekeeping operations
2015 (English)In: Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy / [ed] Domonic A. Bearfield, Melvin J. Dubnick, London: CRC Press, 2015, 3, p. 2362-2369Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: CRC Press, 2015 Edition: 3
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6119 (URN)9781466569096 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-05-18 Created: 2016-05-18 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. & Portela, C. (2015). The Politics of Coercion: Assessing the EU:s Use of Military and Economic Instruments. In: Knud Erik Jorgensen, Aasne Kalland Aarstad,Edith Drieskens, Katie Laatikainen, Ben Tonra (Ed.), Sage Handbook of European Foreign Policy: (pp. 545-558). London: Sage Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Politics of Coercion: Assessing the EU:s Use of Military and Economic Instruments
2015 (English)In: Sage Handbook of European Foreign Policy / [ed] Knud Erik Jorgensen, Aasne Kalland Aarstad,Edith Drieskens, Katie Laatikainen, Ben Tonra, London: Sage Publications, 2015, p. 545-558Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2015
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6121 (URN)9781446276099 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-05-18 Created: 2016-05-18 Last updated: 2016-05-25Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. & Soeters, J. (2014). Cross-national research in the military: comparing operational styles in peace missions. In: edited by Joseph Soeters, Patricia Shields and Sebastiaan Rietjens (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in Military Studies: (pp. 216-227). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-national research in the military: comparing operational styles in peace missions
2014 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in Military Studies / [ed] edited by Joseph Soeters, Patricia Shields and Sebastiaan Rietjens, London: Routledge, 2014, p. 216-227Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2014
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5215 (URN)9780415635332 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2015-01-14 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. & Vennesson, P. (2014). Fighting and Helping?: A Historical-Institutionalist Explanation of NGO-Military Relations. Security Studies, 23(3), 582-621
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fighting and Helping?: A Historical-Institutionalist Explanation of NGO-Military Relations
2014 (English)In: Security Studies, ISSN 0963-6412, E-ISSN 1556-1852, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 582-621Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In complex humanitarian emergencies, why are NGO-military relations cooperative in some cases, yet deeply conflictual in others? Drawing on historical-institutionalist theoretical insights, we argue that NGOs and military organizations are embedded in, and responding to, domestic institutional configurations that define a set of political incentives and constraints, material and normative, which structures and influences the characteristics and outcomes of their relations. Counterarguments suggest that organizational differences and the nature of their missions affect NGO-military relations. Using fresh empirical evidence we assess these arguments by comparing the Italian and the French experiences of NGO-military relations during the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission in Afghanistan and the UN mission in Lebanon (UNIFIL II) between 2007 and 2011. We find that domestic institutional configurations are not left behind when NGOs and military units deploy abroad. Rather, they shape NGOs' and militaries' capacity to work together instead of at cross purposes and ultimately influence the success of international action.

Keywords
Humanitarian Space, Party System, Afghanistan, Partners, French, Force, Aid
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4883 (URN)10.1080/09636412.2014.935236 (DOI)000340404200005 ()
Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-25 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Giacomello, G. & Ruffa, C. (2014). Small Navies and Border and Immigration Control: Frontex Operations in the Mediterranean (Ashgateed.). In: Small Navies: Strategy and Policy for Small Navies in War and Peace (pp. 133-150). Farnham: Ashgate
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Small Navies and Border and Immigration Control: Frontex Operations in the Mediterranean
2014 (English)In: Small Navies: Strategy and Policy for Small Navies in War and Peace, Farnham: Ashgate, 2014, Ashgate, p. 133-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Farnham: Ashgate, 2014 Edition: Ashgate
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5214 (URN)9781472417596 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2015-01-14 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
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