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Haldén, Peter
Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Haldén, P. & Angstrom, J. (2019). The poverty of power in military power: how collective power could benefit strategic studies. Defense and Security Analysis, 35(1), 1-20
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The poverty of power in military power: how collective power could benefit strategic studies
2019 (English)In: Defense and Security Analysis, ISSN 1475-1798, E-ISSN 1475-1801, ISSN 1475-1798, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Strategic studies deals intimately with the topic of power. Most scholars in the discipline work with a concept of power as an adversarial zero-sum competition. This is natural and necessary. However, other conceptions of power developed within political science and sociology could enrich strategic studies. Approaching two typical, traditional tasks of strategy – alliance building and war-fighting – this article demonstrates the heuristic mileage of theories of collective power. In particular, we can shed new light on the post-Cold War transformation of NATO as well as state-building as a strategy in counter-insurgencies with new ideas of power. Broadening the palette of theories of power is thus valuable if strategic studies is to prosper as an independent field of study.

Keywords
Strategic Studies, NATO, State-Building, Strategy
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8513 (URN)www.tandfonline.com/action/showCitFormats?doi=10.1080/14751798.2019.1600812 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-23 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Haldén, P. (2018). Organized Armed Groups as Ruling Organizations. Armed forces and society, 44(4), 606-625
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organized Armed Groups as Ruling Organizations
2018 (English)In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 606-625Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous studies of the cohesion of organized armed groups (OAGs) have made great progress, but they have mostly focused on units fighting for modern Western states. I argue that the study of OAGs that contain their own legitimacy requires a broadened theoretical framework. Such groups may be conceptualized as “ruling organizations” in Max Weber’s terminology. Examples of such groups range from early medieval warbands to modern militias and guerrillas. Members of ruling organizations obey commands for a combination of three reasons: rational, traditional, and charismatic—these in turn form the basis of the legitimacy of the organization. Pinpointing the foundations of obedience in a group provides us with another way of emphasizing weak points that we want to either target or reinforce. This study contributes theoretically to the study of cohesion by linking it to theories of legitimacy in political orders.

Keywords
cohesion/disintegration, military organization, sociology, political science
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7258 (URN)10.1177/0095327X17752908 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Armed Forces
Available from: 2018-02-02 Created: 2018-02-02 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Haldén, P. (2017). Heteronymous politics beyond anarchy and hierarchy: The multiplication of forms of rule 750-1300. Journal of International Political Theory, 13(3), 266-281
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heteronymous politics beyond anarchy and hierarchy: The multiplication of forms of rule 750-1300
2017 (English)In: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 266-281Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Anarchy and hierarchy are two central concepts of international relations theory but as conventionally defined they cannot describe political life for most of Western history. Neither concept describes the structure of medieval politics well. Rather, many different principles of differentiation existed simultaneously, both stratificatory and segmentary. The situation was closer to anarchy as understood as the absence of overarching principles of order rather than as ‘anarchy’ in the conventional sense used in international relations and absence of government. The power of the Popes over temporal rulers was considerable, but it never corresponded to the concept ‘hierarchy’ as conventionally understood either. Between c. 700 and c. 1300, Europe became more heteronymous as time went by, not less. More principles of differentiation were developed, and both Popes and kings became more powerful. The reinvention of the papacy after the ‘Investiture Controversy’ (1075–1122) created a system of law and practices in which European monarchs and realms were embedded, but it did not create an all-powerful papacy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE, 2017
Keywords
Anarchy, differentiation, international systems, Middle Ages, the papacy
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6994 (URN)10.1177/1755088217715482 (DOI)000411530500002 ()
Available from: 2017-08-25 Created: 2017-08-25 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Haldén, P. (2017). Kan dygdetiken bryta den "postheoriska" ängslan i 2000-talets risksamhälle?. In: Peter Haldén och Biörn Tjällén (Ed.), Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget (pp. 217-238). Lund: Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kan dygdetiken bryta den "postheoriska" ängslan i 2000-talets risksamhälle?
2017 (Swedish)In: Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget / [ed] Peter Haldén och Biörn Tjällén, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2017, p. 217-238Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2017
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7435 (URN)9789188168801 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Armed Forces
Available from: 2018-05-04 Created: 2018-05-04 Last updated: 2018-05-08Bibliographically approved
Haldén, P. & Tjällén, B. (Eds.). (2017). Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget. Lund: Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget
2017 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Mod är en egenskap som hyllats i alla krigförande kulturer. Konsten, litteraturen och filosofin har ofta tagit upp modet som tema, både för att befästa ett militärt ideal och för att problematisera denna egenskap. Men vad är egentligen mod? Var går gränsen till övermod? Vad utmärker mod i strid, och kan man träna soldater att bli modiga? Dessa frågeställningar tar plats även i vår tid där krig och försvar diskuteras i dagens militära miljöer, och frågor om etik är lika aktuella som frågor om effektivitet.

Mod i strid och filosofi studerar författarna historiska perspektiv på mod och dagsaktuell forskning kring strid och militär utbildning. Förr talade man om mod eller tapperhet som en av flera eftersträvansvärda dygder – idag talar man hellre om professionalism. Men hur mycket skiljer sig egentligen den moderna tidens militära ideal från de historiska? Kan vi lära oss något av den dygdetik som i århundraden användes för att forma modiga individer och tappra krigare?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2017. p. 240
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6995 (URN)9789188168801 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-08-25 Created: 2017-08-25 Last updated: 2017-08-28Bibliographically approved
Haldén, P. (2017). The Realm as a European Form of Rule: Unpacking the Warfare Thesis through the Holy Roman Empire. In: Lars Bo Kaspersen & Jeppe Strandsbjerg (Ed.), Does War Make States?: Investigations of Charles Tilly's Historical Sociology (pp. 154-180). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Realm as a European Form of Rule: Unpacking the Warfare Thesis through the Holy Roman Empire
2017 (English)In: Does War Make States?: Investigations of Charles Tilly's Historical Sociology / [ed] Lars Bo Kaspersen & Jeppe Strandsbjerg, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017, p. 154-180Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap; Krigsvetenskap; Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6996 (URN)9781107141506 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-08-25 Created: 2017-08-25 Last updated: 2017-08-28Bibliographically approved
Haldén, P. (2016). Conclusions: the transformations of the future. In: Peter Haldén och Peter Jackson (Ed.), Transforming warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force (pp. 223-231). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conclusions: the transformations of the future
2016 (English)In: Transforming warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force / [ed] Peter Haldén och Peter Jackson, London: Routledge, 2016, p. 223-231Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2016
Keywords
Sociology of the Military, Ritual, and Military Culture and Structure
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6487 (URN)9781138642836 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-11 Created: 2017-01-11 Last updated: 2017-01-13Bibliographically approved
Haldén, P. (2016). From Total to Minimal Transformation: German Oaths of Loyalty 1871-2014. In: Peter Haldén och Peter Jackson (Ed.), Transforming Warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force (pp. 163-182). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Total to Minimal Transformation: German Oaths of Loyalty 1871-2014
2016 (English)In: Transforming Warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force / [ed] Peter Haldén och Peter Jackson, London: Routledge, 2016, p. 163-182Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter studies how three successive German societies constructed the boundary between peace and war: The German Empire (1871-1918), Nazi German (1933-45), and the Federal Republic of Germany (1949 –present). In each case the ritual of taking an oath of allegiance was central act, both collective and individual, in making an individual into a warrior. Oaths of allegiance have been a standard instrument in creating individual warriors and groups of warriors since at least antiquity. They are powerful tools of governmentality since they are means of controlling the conscience of a subject and linking personal salvation to compliance. In the Imperial and the Nazi period, taking the oath was considered a binding deed that transformed the individual and commanded his loyalty.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2016
Keywords
Modernity, German History, Military Sociology, Rituals, Oaths, Bundeswehr, Wehrmacht, SS, Modernität, Bundeswehr, Wehrmacht, Deutsches Heer, SS, Fahneneid
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6485 (URN)9781138642836 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-11 Created: 2017-01-11 Last updated: 2017-01-13Bibliographically approved
Haldén, P. & Jackson, P. (2016). Introduction: Symbolic and Mythological Perspectives on War and Peace join the Archaic with the Modern. In: Peter Haldén och Peter Jackson (Ed.), Transforming Warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force (pp. 1-18). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: Symbolic and Mythological Perspectives on War and Peace join the Archaic with the Modern
2016 (English)In: Transforming Warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force / [ed] Peter Haldén och Peter Jackson, London: Routledge, 2016, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2016
Keywords
Military sociology, ritual theory, modernity, social theory, war, military culture
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6486 (URN)9781138642836 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-11 Created: 2017-01-11 Last updated: 2017-01-13Bibliographically approved
Haldén, P. (2016). Kan dygdetiken bryta den “postheoriska” ängslan i 2000-talets risksamhälle?. In: : . Paper presented at Mod i fält och filosofi (Courage in the field and philosophy), 1300-1600, Swedish Defence University, April 8, 2016, Stockholm, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kan dygdetiken bryta den “postheoriska” ängslan i 2000-talets risksamhälle?
2016 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6490 (URN)
Conference
Mod i fält och filosofi (Courage in the field and philosophy), 1300-1600, Swedish Defence University, April 8, 2016, Stockholm, Sweden
Available from: 2017-01-11 Created: 2017-01-11 Last updated: 2019-01-21Bibliographically approved
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