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Harrison Dinniss, Heather
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2019). Legal Aspects of Human Enhancement Technologies (1ed.). In: Boothby, William H. (Ed.), New Technologies and the Law in War and Peace: (pp. 230-257). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Legal Aspects of Human Enhancement Technologies
2019 (English)In: New Technologies and the Law in War and Peace / [ed] Boothby, William H., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019, 1, p. 230-257Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Chapter 8 continues the exploration of issues raised by human enhancement technologies. Building on the discussion in the previous chapter, this contribution begins by examining the question of whether and under what circumstances we might consider that individuals who enhance their natural abilities might be considered something other than human – and what that might mean for their treatment under the law.  Biochemical enhancement, cybernetic technologies such as brain machine interfaces and advances in prosthetic technologies all have the capacity to alter and augment the human experience and raise interesting challenges for the law. This chapter looks specifically at the application of the laws of armed conflict (international humanitarian law) in relation to these techniques and the effects of human rights law in an age of enhanced humans – whether they be civilian or military personnel. Clear synergies also exist with the discussions in Chapter 13 on brain-machine interfaces. Attention is given in the final section to questions as to the adequacy of the current rights frameworks and as to the distinction between national and international systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019 Edition: 1
Keywords
human enhancement, cybernetic, prosthetic, biochemical, human rights, law of armed conflict, upgrade, privacy, determinacy, individual, drugs, cognitive liberty, mental integrity, psychological continuity, BCI, brain computer interface, implant, neuralink, modafinal, body-hacking, DARPA, military enhancement
National Category
Law
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8447 (URN)9781108497534 (ISBN)9781108740128 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-03-18 Created: 2019-03-18 Last updated: 2019-04-15Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2018). The Threat of Cyber Terrorism and What International Law Should (Try To) Do about It. Georgetown journal of international affairs, 19(Fall), 43-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Threat of Cyber Terrorism and What International Law Should (Try To) Do about It
2018 (English)In: Georgetown journal of international affairs, ISSN 1550-5200, E-ISSN 1802-1115, Vol. 19, no Fall, p. 43-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
cyber terrorism, hackers, tv5monde, Cyber Caliphate
National Category
Law
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8452 (URN)10.1353/gia.2018.0006 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-18 Created: 2019-03-18 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2017). Cyber Operations in Outer Space. In: Yanal Abdul Failat and Anel Ferreira-Snyman (Ed.), Outer Space Law: Legal Policy and Practice (pp. 323-333). Woking, Surrey: Globe Law and Business
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyber Operations in Outer Space
2017 (English)In: Outer Space Law: Legal Policy and Practice / [ed] Yanal Abdul Failat and Anel Ferreira-Snyman, Woking, Surrey: Globe Law and Business , 2017, p. 323-333Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Woking, Surrey: Globe Law and Business, 2017
Keywords
cyber, outer space, satellite, attack, hack
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7383 (URN)9781911078197 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. & Kleffner, J. (2016). Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement and International Law. International Law Studies, 92, 432-482
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement and International Law
2016 (English)In: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, Vol. 92, p. 432-482Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Advances in technologies that could endow humans with physical or mental abilities that go beyond the statistically normal level of functioning are occurring at an incredible pace. The use of these human enhancement technologies by the military, for instance in the spheres of biotechnology, cybernetics and prosthetics, raise a number of questions under the international legal frameworks governing military technology, namely the law of armed conflict and human rights law. The article examines these frameworks with a focus on weapons law, the law pertaining to the detention of and by “enhanced individuals,” the human rights of those individuals and their responsibility for the actions they take while under the influence of enhancements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Newport, RI, USA: Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College, 2016
Keywords
human enhancement, biochemical, prosthetic, cybernetics, modafinil, IHL, human rights, law of armed conflict, brain computer interface, super-soldier, detention
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6648 (URN)
Available from: 2017-03-21 Created: 2017-03-21 Last updated: 2017-08-29Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2015). The Nature of Objects: Targeting networks and the challenge of defining cyber military objectives. Israel Law Review, 48(1), 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Nature of Objects: Targeting networks and the challenge of defining cyber military objectives
2015 (English)In: Israel Law Review, ISSN 0021-2237, E-ISSN 2047-9336, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cyber warfare and the advent of computer network operations have forced us to look again at the concept of the military objective. The definition set out in Article 52(2) of Additional Protocol I – that an object must by its nature, location, purpose or use, make an effective contribution to military action – is accepted as customary international law; its application in the cyber context, however, raises a number of issues which are examined in this article. First, the question of whether data may constitute a military objective is discussed. In particular, the issue of whether the requirement that the definition applies to ‘objects’ requires that the purported target must have tangible or material form. The article argues on the basis of both textual and contextual analysis that this is not required, but it contends that it may prove to be useful to differentiate between operational- and content-level data. The second part of the article examines the qualifying contribution of military objectives such as their nature, location, purpose or use, and questions whether network location rather than geographical location may be used as a qualifying criterion in the cyber context. The final part of the article addresses the question of whether the particular ability of cyber operations to effect results at increasingly precise levels of specificity places an obligation on a party to an armed conflict to define military objectives at their smallest possible formulation – that is, a small piece of code or component rather than the computer or system itself. Such a requirement would have significant implications for the cyber context where much of the infrastructure is dual use, but the distinction between civilian objects and military objectives is a binary classification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jerusalem: Cambridge University Press, 2015
Keywords
cyber, cyberwar, targeting, military objective, data, object, nature, proportionality, distinction, attack, network location
National Category
Law
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5347 (URN)10.1017/S0021223714000272 (DOI)000409733200003 ()
Available from: 2015-03-10 Created: 2015-03-10 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2015). The regulation of cyber warfare under the jus in bello (1ed.). In: James A. Green (Ed.), Cyber Warfare: A Multidisciplinary Analysis (pp. 125-159). Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The regulation of cyber warfare under the jus in bello
2015 (English)In: Cyber Warfare: A Multidisciplinary Analysis / [ed] James A. Green, Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge, 2015, 1, p. 125-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter discusses the legal issues raised by the use of cyber operations during armed conflict.

Although none of the laws governing the conduct of hostilities address cyber operations explicitly, the laws are framed in general terms that may be interpreted to incorporate technological advances. This chapter thus explores the way in which those laws may be adapted and applied.

The chapter first considers the general applicability of the jus in bello to cyber operations.  It then turns to the crucial principle of distinction, and assesses how this is to be applied in the cyber context.  In particular, this section of the chapter assesses what may be targeted i.e., what constitutes a ‘military objective’, the issue of ‘dual use’ objects in the cyber context and the prohibition on indiscriminate attacks.  The chapter then considers the various ways in which the principle of precaution may be relevant to cyber-attacks.  It also provides an examination of a number of jus in bello requirements for measures of special protection, and assesses how these rules are relevant to cyber warfare.  The final section turns to IHL’s restrictions on the ‘means and methods’ of warfare, including – but not limited to – the law of weaponry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge, 2015 Edition: 1
Series
Routledge Studies in Conflict, Security and Technology
Keywords
cyber, jus in bello, attacks, cyber operations, distinction, targeting, military objective, proportionality, precaution
National Category
Law
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5348 (URN)978-1-13-879307-1 (ISBN)9781315761565 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-03-10 Created: 2015-03-10 Last updated: 2016-08-09Bibliographically approved
Dinniss, H. A. H. (2013). 'Armed Attack' and Article 51 of the UN Charter [Review]. Modern law review, 76(1), 187-190
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Armed Attack' and Article 51 of the UN Charter
2013 (English)In: Modern law review, ISSN 0026-7961, E-ISSN 1468-2230, Vol. 76, no 1, p. 187-190Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-3834 (URN)10.1111/1468-2230.12009_4 (DOI)000312994600013 ()
Available from: 2013-06-14 Created: 2013-06-11 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved
Kleffner, J. K. & Harrison Dinniss, H. (2013). Keeping the CyberPeace: International Legal Aspects of Cyber Activities in Peace Operations. International Law Studies, 89, 512-535
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Keeping the CyberPeace: International Legal Aspects of Cyber Activities in Peace Operations
2013 (English)In: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, Vol. 89, p. 512-535Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4130 (URN)
Available from: 2013-08-21 Created: 2013-08-21 Last updated: 2016-02-10Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2013). Military Human Enhancement: Legal aspects of the use of human enhancement technologies by the armed forces.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Military Human Enhancement: Legal aspects of the use of human enhancement technologies by the armed forces
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The current focus on an ever-increasing sophistication of weapons systems usually overlooks efforts of states to enhance the physical and mental capabilities of human soldiers. While such techniques and technologies have a long history (e.g. the use of drugs and alcohol in order to overcome fear and fatigue; the use of night-vision goggles etc.), they have attained a new quality. For instance, certain armed forces are introducing wearable robotics suit (Powered exoskeletons). Furthermore, the development of military applications of brain-computer interfaces continues, which would allow for direct communication between a human brain and a computer – and eventually vice-versa. These technologies raise a number of pertinent international legal issues, such as: What are the potential consequences for compliance with the rules and principles of the law of armed conflict? What implications may such technologies have for the accountability of states and individuals? And what would the use of such technologies mean for the human rights of the human soldier?

Publisher
p. 41
Keywords
human enhancement, super soldier, cybernetics, prosthetics, biochemical, nano platforms, enhancement, experimental treatment, law of armed conflict, human rights, captain america, robocop, bionic, modafinil, technology
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6125 (URN)
Available from: 2016-05-24 Created: 2016-05-20 Last updated: 2017-01-19Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2013). Participants in Conflict: Cyber warriors, patriotic hackers and the laws of war. In: Dan Saxon (Ed.), International Humanitarian Law and the Changing Technology of War: (pp. 251-278). Leiden:Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participants in Conflict: Cyber warriors, patriotic hackers and the laws of war
2013 (English)In: International Humanitarian Law and the Changing Technology of War / [ed] Dan Saxon, Leiden:Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2013, p. 251-278Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden:Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2013
Series
International Humanitarian Law Series, ISSN 1389-6776 ; 41
Keywords
cyber, combatant status, direct participation, patriotic hacker, cyber warrior, law of armed conflict, participants, continuous acts
National Category
Law
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4507 (URN)978-90-04-22948-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-02-26 Created: 2014-02-26 Last updated: 2014-06-04Bibliographically approved
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