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Harrison Dinniss, Heather
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 15) Show all publications
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2022). A Room Full of Experts: Expert Manuals and Their Influence on the Development of International Law. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, 23, 21-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Room Full of Experts: Expert Manuals and Their Influence on the Development of International Law
2022 (English)In: Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, ISSN 1389-1359, E-ISSN 1574-096X, Vol. 23, p. 21-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Expert manuals play an increasingly important role on the development of international law into new areas and environments. While not formally a source of law themselves, their influence on those involved in the development and construction of more formal sources of law takes place on multiple levels and in a variety of ways. This contribution explores some of the different elements that effect the influence these manuals wield. The selection of experts, their qualifications, diversity and ability to adapt to new environments and technological domains is a core components of this influence. Likewise the methodology used by the manual, the attempt to separate lex lata from lex ferenda and the method of representing differing views within the group will all have an impact on its subsequent influence. Manuals will continue to play a valuable role in the development of international law, by influencing the decision of policy makers, treaty negotiators and others, particularly in an era characterised by lack of agreement between states and stagnation of formal law making processes in emerging domains.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2022
Keywords
manual, sources of international law, expert, international humanitarian law, Tallinn 2.0, Woomera, Development of law, influence
National Category
Law
Research subject
International law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11233 (URN)10.1007/978-94-6265-491-4_2 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-12-20 Created: 2022-12-20 Last updated: 2023-01-04Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2022). Cyber Operations in Outerspace (2ed.). In: Yanal Abul Failat, Anél Ferreira-Snyman (Ed.), Outer Space Law: Legal Policy and Practice (pp. 461-473). Woking: Globe Law and Business
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyber Operations in Outerspace
2022 (English)In: Outer Space Law: Legal Policy and Practice / [ed] Yanal Abul Failat, Anél Ferreira-Snyman, Woking: Globe Law and Business , 2022, 2, p. 461-473Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Woking: Globe Law and Business, 2022 Edition: 2
Keywords
cyber, space, international humanitarian law, outer space treaty
National Category
Law
Research subject
International law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11235 (URN)9781787424821 (ISBN)9781787424838 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-20 Created: 2022-12-20 Last updated: 2023-01-04Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2021). Skyddet för sjukvård i en digital tidsålder. Svenska Röda Korsets årsbok i internationell humanitär rätt
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skyddet för sjukvård i en digital tidsålder
2021 (Swedish)In: Svenska Röda Korsets årsbok i internationell humanitär rätt, ISSN 2003-1076Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Svenska Röda Korset, 2021
Keywords
folkrätt, internationell humanitär rätt, sjukvård, cyber
National Category
Law
Research subject
International law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11234 (URN)
Available from: 2022-12-20 Created: 2022-12-20 Last updated: 2023-01-04Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2019). Legal Aspects of Human Enhancement Technologies (1ed.). In: Boothby, William H. (Ed.), New Technologies and the Law in War and Peace: (pp. 230-257). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Legal Aspects of Human Enhancement Technologies
2019 (English)In: New Technologies and the Law in War and Peace / [ed] Boothby, William H., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019, 1, p. 230-257Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Chapter 8 continues the exploration of issues raised by human enhancement technologies. Building on the discussion in the previous chapter, this contribution begins by examining the question of whether and under what circumstances we might consider that individuals who enhance their natural abilities might be considered something other than human – and what that might mean for their treatment under the law.  Biochemical enhancement, cybernetic technologies such as brain machine interfaces and advances in prosthetic technologies all have the capacity to alter and augment the human experience and raise interesting challenges for the law. This chapter looks specifically at the application of the laws of armed conflict (international humanitarian law) in relation to these techniques and the effects of human rights law in an age of enhanced humans – whether they be civilian or military personnel. Clear synergies also exist with the discussions in Chapter 13 on brain-machine interfaces. Attention is given in the final section to questions as to the adequacy of the current rights frameworks and as to the distinction between national and international systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019 Edition: 1
Keywords
human enhancement, cybernetic, prosthetic, biochemical, human rights, law of armed conflict, upgrade, privacy, determinacy, individual, drugs, cognitive liberty, mental integrity, psychological continuity, BCI, brain computer interface, implant, neuralink, modafinal, body-hacking, DARPA, military enhancement
National Category
Law
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8447 (URN)9781108497534 (ISBN)9781108740128 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-03-18 Created: 2019-03-18 Last updated: 2019-04-15Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2018). The Threat of Cyber Terrorism and What International Law Should (Try To) Do about It. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 19(Fall), 43-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Threat of Cyber Terrorism and What International Law Should (Try To) Do about It
2018 (English)In: Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 1526-0054, E-ISSN 2471-8831, Vol. 19, no Fall, p. 43-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
cyber terrorism, hackers, tv5monde, Cyber Caliphate
National Category
Law
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8452 (URN)10.1353/gia.2018.0006 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-18 Created: 2019-03-18 Last updated: 2023-03-14Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2017). Cyber Operations in Outer Space. In: Yanal Abdul Failat and Anel Ferreira-Snyman (Ed.), Outer Space Law: Legal Policy and Practice (pp. 323-333). Woking, Surrey: Globe Law and Business
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyber Operations in Outer Space
2017 (English)In: Outer Space Law: Legal Policy and Practice / [ed] Yanal Abdul Failat and Anel Ferreira-Snyman, Woking, Surrey: Globe Law and Business , 2017, p. 323-333Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Woking, Surrey: Globe Law and Business, 2017
Keywords
cyber, outer space, satellite, attack, hack
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7383 (URN)9781911078197 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. & Kleffner, J. (2016). Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement and International Law. International Law Studies, 92, 432-482
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement and International Law
2016 (English)In: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, Vol. 92, p. 432-482Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Advances in technologies that could endow humans with physical or mental abilities that go beyond the statistically normal level of functioning are occurring at an incredible pace. The use of these human enhancement technologies by the military, for instance in the spheres of biotechnology, cybernetics and prosthetics, raise a number of questions under the international legal frameworks governing military technology, namely the law of armed conflict and human rights law. The article examines these frameworks with a focus on weapons law, the law pertaining to the detention of and by “enhanced individuals,” the human rights of those individuals and their responsibility for the actions they take while under the influence of enhancements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Newport, RI, USA: Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College, 2016
Keywords
human enhancement, biochemical, prosthetic, cybernetics, modafinil, IHL, human rights, law of armed conflict, brain computer interface, super-soldier, detention
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6648 (URN)
Available from: 2017-03-21 Created: 2017-03-21 Last updated: 2017-08-29Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2015). The Nature of Objects: Targeting networks and the challenge of defining cyber military objectives. Israel Law Review, 48(1), 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Nature of Objects: Targeting networks and the challenge of defining cyber military objectives
2015 (English)In: Israel Law Review, ISSN 0021-2237, E-ISSN 2047-9336, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cyber warfare and the advent of computer network operations have forced us to look again at the concept of the military objective. The definition set out in Article 52(2) of Additional Protocol I – that an object must by its nature, location, purpose or use, make an effective contribution to military action – is accepted as customary international law; its application in the cyber context, however, raises a number of issues which are examined in this article. First, the question of whether data may constitute a military objective is discussed. In particular, the issue of whether the requirement that the definition applies to ‘objects’ requires that the purported target must have tangible or material form. The article argues on the basis of both textual and contextual analysis that this is not required, but it contends that it may prove to be useful to differentiate between operational- and content-level data. The second part of the article examines the qualifying contribution of military objectives such as their nature, location, purpose or use, and questions whether network location rather than geographical location may be used as a qualifying criterion in the cyber context. The final part of the article addresses the question of whether the particular ability of cyber operations to effect results at increasingly precise levels of specificity places an obligation on a party to an armed conflict to define military objectives at their smallest possible formulation – that is, a small piece of code or component rather than the computer or system itself. Such a requirement would have significant implications for the cyber context where much of the infrastructure is dual use, but the distinction between civilian objects and military objectives is a binary classification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jerusalem: Cambridge University Press, 2015
Keywords
cyber, cyberwar, targeting, military objective, data, object, nature, proportionality, distinction, attack, network location
National Category
Law
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5347 (URN)10.1017/S0021223714000272 (DOI)000409733200003 ()
Available from: 2015-03-10 Created: 2015-03-10 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Harrison Dinniss, H. (2015). The regulation of cyber warfare under the jus in bello (1ed.). In: James A. Green (Ed.), Cyber Warfare: A Multidisciplinary Analysis (pp. 125-159). Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The regulation of cyber warfare under the jus in bello
2015 (English)In: Cyber Warfare: A Multidisciplinary Analysis / [ed] James A. Green, Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge, 2015, 1, p. 125-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter discusses the legal issues raised by the use of cyber operations during armed conflict.

Although none of the laws governing the conduct of hostilities address cyber operations explicitly, the laws are framed in general terms that may be interpreted to incorporate technological advances. This chapter thus explores the way in which those laws may be adapted and applied.

The chapter first considers the general applicability of the jus in bello to cyber operations.  It then turns to the crucial principle of distinction, and assesses how this is to be applied in the cyber context.  In particular, this section of the chapter assesses what may be targeted i.e., what constitutes a ‘military objective’, the issue of ‘dual use’ objects in the cyber context and the prohibition on indiscriminate attacks.  The chapter then considers the various ways in which the principle of precaution may be relevant to cyber-attacks.  It also provides an examination of a number of jus in bello requirements for measures of special protection, and assesses how these rules are relevant to cyber warfare.  The final section turns to IHL’s restrictions on the ‘means and methods’ of warfare, including – but not limited to – the law of weaponry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge, 2015 Edition: 1
Series
Routledge Studies in Conflict, Security and Technology
Keywords
cyber, jus in bello, attacks, cyber operations, distinction, targeting, military objective, proportionality, precaution
National Category
Law
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5348 (URN)978-1-13-879307-1 (ISBN)9781315761565 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-03-10 Created: 2015-03-10 Last updated: 2016-08-09Bibliographically approved
Dinniss, H. A. H. (2013). 'Armed Attack' and Article 51 of the UN Charter [Review]. Modern law review, 76(1), 187-190
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Armed Attack' and Article 51 of the UN Charter
2013 (English)In: Modern law review, ISSN 0026-7961, E-ISSN 1468-2230, Vol. 76, no 1, p. 187-190Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-3834 (URN)10.1111/1468-2230.12009_4 (DOI)000312994600013 ()
Available from: 2013-06-14 Created: 2013-06-11 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved
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