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Nilsson, Sofia
Publications (10 of 79) Show all publications
Fors Brandebo, M., Nilsson, S. & Larsson, G. (2018). Destruktivt ledarskap: Hur uppkommer det? Vilka effekter får det? Vad kan man göra åt det?. Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Destruktivt ledarskap: Hur uppkommer det? Vilka effekter får det? Vad kan man göra åt det?
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden; Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7359 (URN)978-91-44-11652-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Holmberg, A. & Nilsson, S. (2018). Developments in Civil-Military Relations: The Swedish Armed Forces Managing Legitimacy in a Post-Materialist Society. Res Militaris, 8(1), Article ID 1027593.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developments in Civil-Military Relations: The Swedish Armed Forces Managing Legitimacy in a Post-Materialist Society
2018 (English)In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 1027593Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The functional and societal imperatives, considered to capture the status of civil-military relations, are developing in a complex process. In this article, we argue that the military institution is faced with developing, and in some cases new, political and social legitimacy demands, the consequences of which have not been sufficiently addressed in the literature. Sweden, considered highly post-materialist, is used as an empirical example since not only the social, but also the functional imperative have changed - the latter following the Russian occupation of Crimea. The authors analyze inductively what legitimacy demands the military institution identifies, and how it attempts to manage them. Three areas are found to be of importance : the ability to adapt to norms regarding public administration (including norms affecting effectiveness and values), managing diminished power over capabilities, and understanding how to be socially attractive. It is suggested that future research direct more attention at the challenges posed to civil-military relations by the post-materialist society, and the potentially contradictory legitimacy demands that follow from developments within the functional and societal spheres.

Abstract [fr]

Les impératifs fonctionnel et sociopolitique, dont on considère généralement qu'ils façonnent les rapports armée-société, connaissent des évolutions complexes. Cet article soutient que l'institution militaire fait face, en matière de légitimité sociale et politique, à des demandes soit déjà présentes et qui s'affirment, soit dans certains cas nouvelles, dont la littérature de sciences sociales ne tient pas suffisamment compte. La Suède, pays réputé très avancé dans la voie post-matérialiste, y est utilisée pour illustrer empiriquement cette tendance, car non seulement l'impératif social mais encore l'impératif sociopolitique y ont subi de sensibles changements (pour ce dernier à la suite de l'annexion russe de la Crimée). Les auteures analysent de manière inductive la perception qu'ont les armées suédoises de ces demandes, et la manière dont elles y réagissent. Elles identifient trois domaines revêtant une importance particulière : la capacité à s'adapter aux normes des administrations publiques (jusques et y compris en matière d'efficacité opérationnelle et de valeurs), à gérer l'amoindrissement de leur contrôle sur les paramètres capacitaires, et à comprendre les démarches propres à leur attirer les faveurs de la société. L'article recommande que les recherches futures prêtent plus d'attention aux défis que pose la société post-matérialiste pour les rapports armée-société, et aux demandes potentiellement contradictoires de légitimité qui dérivent des évolutions notées dans les sphères fonctionnelle et sociopolitique.

Keywords
Sweden, post-materialist society, civil-military relations, armed forces, legitimacy, Suède, armées, société post-matérialiste, rapports armée-société, légitimité
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7404 (URN)
Available from: 2018-04-19 Created: 2018-04-19 Last updated: 2018-04-27Bibliographically approved
Larsson, G., Nilsson, S., Hyllengren, P., Ohlsson, A., Waaler, G. & Kallenberg, K. (2018). Stress reactions following acute situations involving moral challenges among health care professionals. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 59(2), 177-185
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stress reactions following acute situations involving moral challenges among health care professionals
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 59, no 2, p. 177-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many health care professionals have to make morally difficult decisions during acute, stressful situations. The aim was to explore the applicability of an existing qualitatively developed model of individual reactions among professional first responders following such situations using a quantitative approach. According to the model, the interaction of antecedent individual and contextual characteristics affect the immediate emotional reactions to acute, stressful events involving a moral dilemma. Continuous coping efforts and the quality of social support will also affect the long‐term positive and negative reactions to the event. The participants (n = 204, about 50% response rate) represented three Swedish health care professions stationed at a university hospital and a regional hospital: Physicians (n = 50), nurses (n = 94) and “others” (n =60, mainly social welfare officers and assistant nurses). Except for the personality dimension emotional stability which was measured using an established instrument, all measurement scales were operationalizations of codes and categories from the qualitative study (ten scales altogether). Four multiple regression analyses were performed with long‐term positive and negative reactions in everyday acute and morally extremely taxing situations respectively as dependent variables. The outcome showed that long‐term positive reactions covaried with much use of the coping strategies Emotional distancing and Constructive emotional confrontation and a perception of a well‐functioning Formal social support. Regarding long‐term negative reactions, higher age and little use of Emotional distancing accounted for much of the variance. Immediate emotional reactions also contributed significantly. Conclusion: the results largely supported the model concepts and their assumed relationships.

Keywords
health care, stress, moral dilemma, coping, immediate reactions, long-term reactions
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7368 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12425 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Malmio, I. & Nilsson, S. (2018). The havoc of good intentions - Destructive leadership through the gender lens. In: Fors Brandebo Maria and Alvinius Aida (Ed.), Dark Sides of Organizational Behavior and Leadership: . London: INTECH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The havoc of good intentions - Destructive leadership through the gender lens
2018 (English)In: Dark Sides of Organizational Behavior and Leadership / [ed] Fors Brandebo Maria and Alvinius Aida, London: INTECH, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: INTECH, 2018
Keywords
destructive leadership; gender; military
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8203 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-21 Created: 2018-10-21 Last updated: 2018-11-01
Larsson, G., Ohlsson, A., Berglund, A. K. & Nilsson, S. (2017). Daily uplifts and adaptive coping as a buffer against daily hassles: relationship with stress reactions over time in military personnel. Scandinavian Psychologist (4), Article ID e13.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Daily uplifts and adaptive coping as a buffer against daily hassles: relationship with stress reactions over time in military personnel
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Psychologist, ISSN 0036-5653, E-ISSN 2000-088X, no 4, article id e13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this research was to gain a deeper understanding of how daily hassles and uplifts interact with each other and with stress reactions over time in military personnel. Interviews were conducted with 15 Swedish veterans five years after an international peace enforcement mission. The grounded theory method was used and result patterns were generated for six specific time periods distributed before, during, and after the mission. A theoretical model was developed showing that everyday uplifts combined with adaptive coping can be sufficient to limit stress reactions related to daily hassles. The model was supported by the fact that, five years after the mission, none of interviewees had received a PTSD diagnosis or needed professional psychological treatment. The last-mentioned outcome is noteworthy in itself given the severe stress often encountered in peace enforcement missions and previous research observations of high PTSD incidence, suicide rates, criminality, and substance abuse in mission participants.

Keywords
coping, daily hassles, daily uplifts, stress reactions, veterans
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7367 (URN)10.15714/scandpsychol.4.e13 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-09-26Bibliographically approved
Larsson, G., Alvinius, A., Fors Brandebo, M., Hyllengren, P., Nilsson, S. & Ohlsson, A. (2017). Leadership lessons: New challenges for smaller nations in multinational, highly stressful missions. In: Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg (Ed.), The Swedish presence in Afghanistan: security and defence transformation (pp. 116-137). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leadership lessons: New challenges for smaller nations in multinational, highly stressful missions
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2017 (English)In: The Swedish presence in Afghanistan: security and defence transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 116-137Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6512 (URN)9781472474094 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved
Fors Brandebo, M., Nilsson, S. & Larsson, G. (2017). Passive destructive leadership in a military context. In: : . Paper presented at 59th conference International Military Testing Association, Bern, Switzerland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Passive destructive leadership in a military context
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7364 (URN)
Conference
59th conference International Military Testing Association, Bern, Switzerland
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
Fors Brandebo, M., Nilsson, S. & Larsson, G. (2017). Passive leadership in a military context. Its relationship with work attitudes and emotional exhaustion. In: : . Paper presented at European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology, Dublin, Ireland..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Passive leadership in a military context. Its relationship with work attitudes and emotional exhaustion
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose

This paper reports the results of three quantitative studies on destructive leadership in a military context. The aim is to identify (a) which behaviors are considered passive leadership in this type of context, (b) outcomes of passive leadership, and (c) hierarchical differences regarding outcomes of passive leadership.

Design/Methodology

Questionnaire data was collected from (a) three Swedish military groups (n = 428), (b) military personnel in Estonia, Sweden, Switzerland and the Netherlands (= 625), and (c) Swedish military personnel serving in Afghanistan (n = 289).

Results

The results show that passive leadership in a military context is defined as behaviors related to being “passive, cowardly” and “uncertain, unclear, messy”. Passive leadership behaviors had a stronger impact (than active destructive leadership behaviors) on outcomes such as emotional exhaustion and propensity to leave the organization. The results also reveal that passive leadership behaviors are more common on higher hierarchical levels compared to lower.

Limitations

Limitations related to common method variance, response set tendencies and lack of response rate are discussed.

Research/practical implications

The results emphasize the importance of focusing on passive leadership behaviors in the research field of destructive leadership. From a practical perspective, implications for military organizations are discussed.

Originality/Value

Since most of the studies on passive leadership are conducted in civilian settings, the results from this paper contribute with context-specific knowledge about passive leadership in a military setting.

National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7360 (URN)
Conference
European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology, Dublin, Ireland.
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
Waaler, G., Nilsson, S. & Larsson, G. (2017). Å ta liv: Erfaringer fra Afghanistan. Michael, 14, 54-59
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Å ta liv: Erfaringer fra Afghanistan
2017 (Norwegian)In: Michael, ISSN 1504-0658, Vol. 14, p. 54-59Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7369 (URN)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-03-27Bibliographically approved
Hyllengren, P., Nilsson, S., Ohlsson, A., Kallenberg, K., Waaler, G. & Larsson, G. (2016). Contextual factors affecting moral stress: a study of military and police officers. International journal of public leadership, 12(4), 275-288
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contextual factors affecting moral stress: a study of military and police officers
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2016 (English)In: International journal of public leadership, ISSN 2056-4929, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 275-288Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify and gain a deeper understanding of environmental, organizational, and group conditions, and leadership-related issues in particular, in severely stressful situations involving a moral stressor faced by military and police officers.

Design/methodology/approach

A combined deductive and inductive approach was used, and in total 23 military and police officers, all having experience of morally difficult decisions during severely stressful conditions, were interviewed.

Findings

A hierarchical conceptual framework of contextual characteristics was developed. The environmental, organizational, leadership-related, and group aspects identified in this study on morally stressful situations resemble findings from general research on work and stress. However, a stronger emphasis was put on leaders’ handling of values and his or her ability to confront senior management when needed.

Practical implications

The results suggest that well-documented methods aimed at the prevention of, and recovery from, work-related stress, also can be used in the case of extreme situations involving moral stressors.

Originality/value

The interplay between leadership and extreme situations involving moral stressors is, to the best of the knowledge, understudied.

National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6502 (URN)000390710000002 ()
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
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