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Wagnsson, Charlotte, Professor
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Publications (10 of 21) Show all publications
Olsson, E.-K., Wagnsson, C. & Hammargård, K. (2019). The use of political communication by international organizations: the case of EU and NATO (1ed.). In: Bjola, Corneliu; Pamment, James (Ed.), Countering online propaganda and violent extremism: the dark side of digital diplomacy (pp. 66-80). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The use of political communication by international organizations: the case of EU and NATO
2019 (English)In: Countering online propaganda and violent extremism: the dark side of digital diplomacy / [ed] Bjola, Corneliu; Pamment, James, London: Routledge, 2019, 1, p. 66-80Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2019 Edition: 1
Series
Routledge New Diplomacy Studies
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8221 (URN)978-1-138-57862-3 (ISBN)978-1-138-57863-0 (ISBN)978-1-351-26408-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-08 Created: 2018-11-08 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Wagnsson, C. (2018). Europe: take on your responsibilities. In: Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina; Michalski, Anne; Nilsson, Niklas; Oxelheim, Lars (Ed.), The European Union: Facing the Challenge of Multiple Security Threats (pp. 212-234). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Europe: take on your responsibilities
2018 (English)In: The European Union: Facing the Challenge of Multiple Security Threats / [ed] Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina; Michalski, Anne; Nilsson, Niklas; Oxelheim, Lars, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 212-234Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
Series
European security and justice critiques
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8220 (URN)10.4337/9781788111058 (DOI)9781788111041 (ISBN)9781788111058 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-08 Created: 2018-11-08 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved
Wagnsson, C. & Hellman, M. (2018). Normative Power Europe Caving In?: EU under Pressure of Russian Information Warfare. Journal of Common Market Studies, 56(5), 1161-1177
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Normative Power Europe Caving In?: EU under Pressure of Russian Information Warfare
2018 (English)In: Journal of Common Market Studies, ISSN 0021-9886, E-ISSN 1468-5965, Vol. 56, no 5, p. 1161-1177Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Scholars have characterized the EU as a normative power whose greatest asset is to be able to shape conceptions of what is ‘normal’ in international affairs. Scholars have argued that a normative power has to meet certain discursive standards; representing others in a non‐antagonistic, humble way. We question whether the EU can live up to this ideal when defending itself against Russian strategic communication. The empirical enquiry establishes that while the EU High Commissioner communicates in line with the stipulated standards, the newly established East Stratcom Taskforce and its publication ‘Disinformation Digest’ diverges from this ideal. The establishment of the Taskforce has led to the EU losing reflexivity and normative power. The article concludes that while Diez’ and Manners’ standards are utopian in the contemporary communicative climate, they remain useful as guiding rules that can help normative powers ‘watch their language’ and avoid doing unnecessary harm.

Keywords
Normative Power Europe, Disinformation Digest, EEAS, Russia, East StratCom TaskForce
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8219 (URN)10.1111/jcms.12726 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-11-08 Created: 2018-11-08 Last updated: 2019-02-11Bibliographically approved
Hellman, M. & Wagnsson, C. (2017). How can European states respond to Russian information warfare?: An analytical framework. European Security, 26(2), 153-170
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How can European states respond to Russian information warfare?: An analytical framework
2017 (English)In: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 153-170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How can European democratic states respond to Russian information warfare? This article aims to enable and spur systematic research of how democracies can respond to the spread of distorted information as part of information warfare. The article proposes four ideal-type models representing different strategies that democratic governments can employ; blocking, confronting, naturalising and ignoring. Each strategy is illustrated by ways of empirical examples of strategies applied by European states in view of what is regarded as an unwelcome Russian strategic narrative that is spread as part of information warfare. We problematise each strategy and explore reasons for why states choose one strategy over another. We then explore how different strategies might contribute to destabilise or stabilise the security environment and how they resonate with democratic values. Finally, we contribute to theorising on strategic narratives by highlighting that the choice of strategy will influence states in their formation of strategic narratives. We thus further theorising on strategic narratives by highlighting the link between strategies and narratives, thus identifying one central dynamic in how narratives are formed.

Keywords
Information warfare, security, Europe, Russia, strategic narratives
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6631 (URN)10.1080/09662839.2017.1294162 (DOI)000405867000001 ()
Available from: 2017-03-06 Created: 2017-03-06 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Olsson, E.-K., Deverell, E., Wagnsson, C. & Hellman, M. (2016). EU, armed forces and social media: convergence or divergence?. Defence Studies, 16(2), 97-117
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EU, armed forces and social media: convergence or divergence?
2016 (English)In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 97-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores how armed forces in EU member states work with and view social media in national and international settings, and what the patterns of convergence/divergence are on these issues. To that end, a questionnaire targeted at EU armed forces was constructed. An index of qualitative variation was calculated to explore the relative convergence among respondents (n = 25) on issues of risks and opportunities with using social media nationally and internationally. Consistent with previous research on European armed forces, we found higher levels of divergence than convergence. Contrary to our expectations that similar challenges, joint international standards, and membership in international organizations would foster convergence with regard to social media use in areas of deployment, we found that convergence appeared foremost pertaining to the domestic level. Policy divergence was strongest in areas of deployment.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6280 (URN)10.1080/14702436.2016.1155412 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Hellman, M., Olsson, E.-K. & Wagnsson, C. (2016). EU Armed Forces’ use of social media in areas of deployment. Media and Communication, 4(1), 51-62
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EU Armed Forces’ use of social media in areas of deployment
2016 (English)In: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 51-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The advent of social media can be seen both as a risk and an opportunity by armed forces. Previous research has primarily examined whether or not the use of social media endangers or strengthens armed forces’ strategic narrative. We examine armed forces’ perceptions of risks and opportunities on a broad basis, with a particular focus on areas of deployment. The article is based on a survey of perceptions of social media amongst the armed forces of EU member states, thus adding to previous research through its comparative perspective. Whereas previous research has mainly focused on larger powers, such as the US and the UK, this article includes the views of the armed forces of 26 EU states, including several smaller nations. In analyzing the results we asked whether or not risk and opportunity perceptions were related to national ICT maturity and the existence of a social media strategy. The analysis shows that perceptions of opportunities outweigh perceptions of risks, with marketing and two-way communication as the two most prominent opportunities offered by the use of social media. Also, armed forces in countries with a moderate to high ICT maturity emphasize social media as a good way for marketing purposes.

Keywords
armed forces, EU, international deployments, social media
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6278 (URN)10.17645/mac.v4i1.336 (DOI)000408561300006000408561300006 ()
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Wagnsson, C. (2016). Europa - ta ditt ansvar!. In: Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski & Lars Oxelheim (Ed.), EU och de nya säkerhetshoten: (pp. 251-279). Stockholm: Santérus Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Europa - ta ditt ansvar!
2016 (Swedish)In: EU och de nya säkerhetshoten / [ed] Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski & Lars Oxelheim, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2016, p. 251-279Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2016
Series
Europaperspektiv (Stockholm), ISSN 1403-3879 ; 2016
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6282 (URN)9789173591041 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved
Deverell, E. & Wagnsson, C. (2016). Marknadiseringen av Försvarsmaktens kommunikation: ett strategiskt maktmedel i en tid av förändring. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 118(4), 589-622
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Marknadiseringen av Försvarsmaktens kommunikation: ett strategiskt maktmedel i en tid av förändring
2016 (Swedish)In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 589-622Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research shows that the Swedish Armed Forces’ communication is dominatedby market communication, and that this may impact on how the organizationis anchored in society. By adopting a neo-institutional perspective to the studyof agency communication, this article aims to deepen the analysis of the ArmedForces’ communication. Our analysis, based on interviews and official documents,demonstrates both risks and opportunities with marketization of the Armed Forces’communication. On the one hand, market communication may lead to the neglectof alternative values and images of the Armed Forces. Also, the rushed changes incommunication strategies identified risk providing an image of a complex organizationthat is difficult to comprehend, which may undermine the Armed Forces’legitimacy. On the other hand, the Armed Forces’ enhanced role as an employer andcomprehensive use of social media has led to more transparency and to the fosteringof values corresponding to values in society at large. How the Armed Forces, itsleadership, management, and communicators relate to these opportunities andrisks will be crucial for the organization’s future legitimacy.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6408 (URN)
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Wagnsson, C. (2015). Beyond the RtoP: Responsibility as Doing, Being and Sharing. International Politics Reviews, 3(2), 50-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond the RtoP: Responsibility as Doing, Being and Sharing
2015 (English)In: International Politics Reviews, ISSN 2050-2982, E-ISSN 2046-9292, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 50-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This review article exposes that the scholarly interest in the notion of ‘responsibility’ in the field of security studies goes far beyond the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ and the debate on emerging ‘responsible stakeholders’ in Asia. It is argued that the significant scholarly attention to ‘responsibility’ reflects political concerns with transnational threats and humanitarian issues, but it also mirrors a quest for status and power in a post-hegemonic security milieu as well as a need to distribute responsibilities among powers in an effective way. The article reviews approximately 160 peer-reviewed articles to expose strengths and weaknesses in the scholarly production of knowledge on responsibility in the field of security studies. The article suggests a new way to categorize works on responsibility in terms of ‘doing’, ‘being’ or ‘sharing’; focusing on one or several of these three aspects is an effective way to capture key contemporary problems in international security.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5715 (URN)10.1057/ipr.2015.24 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Hellman, M. & Wagnsson, C. (2015). New media and the war in Afghanistan: The significance of blogging for the Swedish strategic narrative. New Media and Society, 17(1), 6-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New media and the war in Afghanistan: The significance of blogging for the Swedish strategic narrative
2015 (English)In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 6-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The new media situation gives fuel to increased competition between narratives. In the sphere of security this poses challenges to government strategic narratives. Scholars, drawing on findings from the Anglo-Saxon sphere, suggest that the new media activism gives rise to counter-hegemonic narratives that thrive on and through social media sites. We argue that the emergence of counter-narratives in the sphere of security depends upon a few key dynamics that might vary with political context such  as political culture, the size of the blogosphere, the debate in mainstream media and socialization processes within the military   organization. Our case study of Swedish blogging about Sweden’s military contribution to the International Security Assistance Force mission in Afghanistan suggests that blogs are mainly used to sustain – and not to challenge – the governmental narrative. This invites us to question the significance of new media platforms as counter-hegemonic forces in communities beyond the Anglo-Saxon sphere.

Keywords
Afghanistan, blogs, counter-hegemonic narratives, International Security Assistance Force, social media, strategic narrative
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4171 (URN)10.1177/1461444813504268 (DOI)000347979500002 ()
Available from: 2013-09-26 Created: 2013-09-26 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
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