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Holmberg, Arita, DocentORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0389-6095
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Publications (10 of 31) Show all publications
Alvinius, A., Holmberg, A. & Johansson, E. (2019). Do military leaders resist organizational challenges?.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do military leaders resist organizational challenges?
2019 (English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Armed forces in many Western countries have been facing societal change processes for more than twenty years; including value changes, government savings and, more recently, by the unstable security environment. The starting point here is that there is a relationship between processes of societal change and organizational challenges. The purpose of this study is to examine how military leaders manage and respond to different kinds of organizational challenges, focusing on resistance. The empirical material was collected using a grounded theory approach. Informants possessing wide experience of leadership participated in this study. The qualitative analysis describes the coping strategies, acceptance and resistance found among military leaders when dealing with organizational demands. Challenges caused by societal changes are experienced as negative aspects of organizational structure. This may be an explanation for why military leaders cope with them applying both resistance and acceptance. However, our main conclusion is that resistance to change stays within a culture of obedience.

Keywords
Resistance; military leadership; organizational challenges
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8529 (URN)
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-05-02
Holmberg, A. & Alvinius, A. (2019). How Pressure for Change Challenge Military Organizational Characteristics. Defence Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How Pressure for Change Challenge Military Organizational Characteristics
2019 (English)In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This article elaborates on how structural, normative and functional pressures for change may challenge military organizational characteristics. We problematize theoretically and exemplify empirically what consequences these pressures can have on military organizational characteristics, arguing that they constitute major challenges for managing in particular normative pressures for change. The empirical examples suggest that bureaucratic, hierarchical, narcissistic and greedy traits of the organization are challenged by normative pressures such as value changes and normalization. Another source of challenge is professionalization processes. Structural challenges, on the other hand, are managed by the organization and do not seem to inhibit the workings of organizational characteristics. The plausibility probe conducted questions the sustainability of military organizational characteristics in their traditional disguise, in particular due to legitimacy concerns. It is suggested that future research should be directed towards analyzing how military organizations manage pressure for change and whether their characteristics are questioned.

Keywords
military organizations, organizational characteristics, pressure for change, organizational change, armed forces, Sweden
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8377 (URN)10.1080/14702436.2019.1575698 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Alvinius, A. & Holmberg, A. (2019). SILENCE-BREAKING BUTTERFLY EFFECT: RESISTANCE TOWARDS THE MILITARY WITHIN #METOO. Gender, Work and Organization
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SILENCE-BREAKING BUTTERFLY EFFECT: RESISTANCE TOWARDS THE MILITARY WITHIN #METOO
2019 (English)In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, ISSN 1468-0432Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Systemic violence against women in the military has existed for decades, but they have mostly refrained from public resistance. However, in the context of the #Metoo‐movement in Sweden, 1768 women published a call for an end to violence and sexual harassment in the military. We analyze this call as a public resistance effort against the military and find that #Metoo is: 1) challenging the norms of the hyper‐masculine military organization, making resistance towards it visible, and 2) resisting the practices of sexual harassment and lack of responsibility in the military organization. The military organization is questioned when it comes to norms and practices, but there are variations in whether the social order of the military is truly challenged. Still, the call highlights the fragmentation of this “last bastion of masculinity”. More research is needed on the erosion of the militarized norms and practices and the effects of the call.

Keywords
Resistance, military organization, women, #metoo, gendered organization
National Category
Social Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8378 (URN)10.1111/gwao.12349 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved
Holmberg, A. & Nilsson, S. (2018). Developments in Civil-Military Relations: The Swedish Armed Forces Managing Legitimacy in a Post-Materialist Society. Res Militaris, 8(1), Article ID 1027593.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developments in Civil-Military Relations: The Swedish Armed Forces Managing Legitimacy in a Post-Materialist Society
2018 (English)In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 1027593Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The functional and societal imperatives, considered to capture the status of civil-military relations, are developing in a complex process. In this article, we argue that the military institution is faced with developing, and in some cases new, political and social legitimacy demands, the consequences of which have not been sufficiently addressed in the literature. Sweden, considered highly post-materialist, is used as an empirical example since not only the social, but also the functional imperative have changed - the latter following the Russian occupation of Crimea. The authors analyze inductively what legitimacy demands the military institution identifies, and how it attempts to manage them. Three areas are found to be of importance : the ability to adapt to norms regarding public administration (including norms affecting effectiveness and values), managing diminished power over capabilities, and understanding how to be socially attractive. It is suggested that future research direct more attention at the challenges posed to civil-military relations by the post-materialist society, and the potentially contradictory legitimacy demands that follow from developments within the functional and societal spheres.

Abstract [fr]

Les impératifs fonctionnel et sociopolitique, dont on considère généralement qu'ils façonnent les rapports armée-société, connaissent des évolutions complexes. Cet article soutient que l'institution militaire fait face, en matière de légitimité sociale et politique, à des demandes soit déjà présentes et qui s'affirment, soit dans certains cas nouvelles, dont la littérature de sciences sociales ne tient pas suffisamment compte. La Suède, pays réputé très avancé dans la voie post-matérialiste, y est utilisée pour illustrer empiriquement cette tendance, car non seulement l'impératif social mais encore l'impératif sociopolitique y ont subi de sensibles changements (pour ce dernier à la suite de l'annexion russe de la Crimée). Les auteures analysent de manière inductive la perception qu'ont les armées suédoises de ces demandes, et la manière dont elles y réagissent. Elles identifient trois domaines revêtant une importance particulière : la capacité à s'adapter aux normes des administrations publiques (jusques et y compris en matière d'efficacité opérationnelle et de valeurs), à gérer l'amoindrissement de leur contrôle sur les paramètres capacitaires, et à comprendre les démarches propres à leur attirer les faveurs de la société. L'article recommande que les recherches futures prêtent plus d'attention aux défis que pose la société post-matérialiste pour les rapports armée-société, et aux demandes potentiellement contradictoires de légitimité qui dérivent des évolutions notées dans les sphères fonctionnelle et sociopolitique.

Keywords
Sweden, post-materialist society, civil-military relations, armed forces, legitimacy, Suède, armées, société post-matérialiste, rapports armée-société, légitimité
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7404 (URN)
Available from: 2018-04-19 Created: 2018-04-19 Last updated: 2018-04-27Bibliographically approved
Alvinius, A., Holmberg, A. & Larsson, G. (2018). Leading a Military Organization Effectively in a State of Post-Scarcity. In: Daniel J. Watola & Allister MacIntyre (Ed.), From Knowing to Doing: International Perspectives on Leading Effectively (pp. 105-128). Kingston, Ontario: Canadian Defence Academy Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leading a Military Organization Effectively in a State of Post-Scarcity
2018 (English)In: From Knowing to Doing: International Perspectives on Leading Effectively / [ed] Daniel J. Watola & Allister MacIntyre, Kingston, Ontario: Canadian Defence Academy Press , 2018, p. 105-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kingston, Ontario: Canadian Defence Academy Press, 2018
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8228 (URN)978-0-660-27430-0 (ISBN)978-0-660-27429-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved
Alvinius, A., Holmberg, A. & Hobbins, J. (2018). Nya perspektiv på lärarnas arbetsmiljöproblematik: läraren som säkerhets- och krishanteringsaktör. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 95(4), 399-406
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nya perspektiv på lärarnas arbetsmiljöproblematik: läraren som säkerhets- och krishanteringsaktör
2018 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 4, p. 399-406Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Artikeln problematiserar läraryrkets koppling till säkerhets- och krishanteringsfältet samt hur denna kan förväntas inverka på lärarnas arbetsmiljö. Baserad på litteraturstudier med fokus på yrkesgruppen lärares närmande till fältet säkerhet och krishantering, mynnar analysen ut i två potentiella utmaningar a) arbetsmiljöproblem relaterade till den nya lärarrollen och b) genusaspekter som uppstår vid kopplingen till säkerhets- och krishanteringsfältet. Lärarnas arbetsmiljö utmanas med anledning av nya krav att hantera kriser och agera som säkerhetsaktörer. Yrkesgruppen kan ställas inför nya uppgifter som traditionellt sett har hanterats av räddningstjänst och polis. I denna kontext aktualiseras föreställningar om genus kopplade till dessa tidigare separata yrkesgrupper. Kvinnodominerade yrkesgrupper riskerar här att underordnas. Kommunal resursallokering har hittills exkluderat lärare som kris- och säkerhetsaktörer vilket riskerar förstärka arbetsmiljöproblemen.

Abstract [en]

This article problematizes the relationship between teachers as an occupational group and the security- and crisis management field, and argue that this relationship can be expected to influence the former’s working environment. Drawing on a literature study, the analysis finds two major potential challenges: a) work environment problems related to the new teacher’s role and b) gender aspects highlighted through this connection. This occupational group may be faced with new tasks that have traditionally been managed by rescue services or police. In this context notions of gender are actualized. Female dominated occupational groups risk being subordinated. Municipal resource allocation processes has so far excluded teachers in relation to security and crisis-management tasks, which can increase problems in relation to work environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, 2018
Keywords
lärare, yrkesgrupp, kris, säkerhet, arbetsmiljö
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8229 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Holmberg, A. & Hallenberg, J. (2017). Conceptual Framework. In: Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg (Ed.), The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation (pp. 19-30). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptual Framework
2017 (English)In: The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 19-30Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6286 (URN)9781472474094 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved
Holmberg, A. & Hallenberg, J. (2017). Conclusions. In: Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg (Ed.), The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation (pp. 182-195). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conclusions
2017 (English)In: The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 182-195Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6287 (URN)9781472474094 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved
Holmberg, A. & Hallenberg, J. (2017). Introduction. In: Arita Holmberg och Jan Hallenberg (Ed.), The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation (pp. 1-18). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction
2017 (English)In: The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg och Jan Hallenberg, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6105 (URN)9781472474094 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-27 Created: 2016-04-27 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved
Holmberg, A. & Hallenberg, J. (Eds.). (2017). The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation (1ed.). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation
2017 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017. p. 201 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6284 (URN)9781472474094 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0389-6095

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