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Larsson, Gerry, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8274-6065
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 542) Show all publications
Fors Brandebo, M., Nilsson, S. & Larsson, G. (2018). Destruktivt ledarskap: Hur uppkommer det? Vilka effekter får det? Vad kan man göra åt det?. Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Destruktivt ledarskap: Hur uppkommer det? Vilka effekter får det? Vad kan man göra åt det?
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden; Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7359 (URN)978-91-44-11652-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Larsson, G., Nilsson, S., Hyllengren, P., Ohlsson, A., Waaler, G. & Kallenberg, K. (2018). Stress reactions following acute situations involving moral challenges among health care professionals. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 59(2), 177-185
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stress reactions following acute situations involving moral challenges among health care professionals
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 59, no 2, p. 177-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many health care professionals have to make morally difficult decisions during acute, stressful situations. The aim was to explore the applicability of an existing qualitatively developed model of individual reactions among professional first responders following such situations using a quantitative approach. According to the model, the interaction of antecedent individual and contextual characteristics affect the immediate emotional reactions to acute, stressful events involving a moral dilemma. Continuous coping efforts and the quality of social support will also affect the long‐term positive and negative reactions to the event. The participants (n = 204, about 50% response rate) represented three Swedish health care professions stationed at a university hospital and a regional hospital: Physicians (n = 50), nurses (n = 94) and “others” (n =60, mainly social welfare officers and assistant nurses). Except for the personality dimension emotional stability which was measured using an established instrument, all measurement scales were operationalizations of codes and categories from the qualitative study (ten scales altogether). Four multiple regression analyses were performed with long‐term positive and negative reactions in everyday acute and morally extremely taxing situations respectively as dependent variables. The outcome showed that long‐term positive reactions covaried with much use of the coping strategies Emotional distancing and Constructive emotional confrontation and a perception of a well‐functioning Formal social support. Regarding long‐term negative reactions, higher age and little use of Emotional distancing accounted for much of the variance. Immediate emotional reactions also contributed significantly. Conclusion: the results largely supported the model concepts and their assumed relationships.

Keyword
health care, stress, moral dilemma, coping, immediate reactions, long-term reactions
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7368 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12425 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Larsson, G., Ohlsson, A., Berglund, A. K. & Nilsson, S. (2017). Daily uplifts and adaptive coping as a buffer against daily hassles: relationship with stress reactions over time in military personnel. Scandinavian Psychologist (4), Article ID e13.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Daily uplifts and adaptive coping as a buffer against daily hassles: relationship with stress reactions over time in military personnel
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Psychologist, ISSN 0036-5653, E-ISSN 2000-088X, no 4, article id e13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this research was to gain a deeper understanding of how daily hassles and uplifts interact with each other and with stress reactions over time in military personnel. Interviews were conducted with 15 Swedish veterans five years after an international peace enforcement mission. The grounded theory method was used and result patterns were generated for six specific time periods distributed before, during, and after the mission. A theoretical model was developed showing that everyday uplifts combined with adaptive coping can be sufficient to limit stress reactions related to daily hassles. The model was supported by the fact that, five years after the mission, none of interviewees had received a PTSD diagnosis or needed professional psychological treatment. The last-mentioned outcome is noteworthy in itself given the severe stress often encountered in peace enforcement missions and previous research observations of high PTSD incidence, suicide rates, criminality, and substance abuse in mission participants.

Keyword
coping, daily hassles, daily uplifts, stress reactions, veterans
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7367 (URN)10.15714/scandpsychol.4.e13 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Ohlsson, A. & Larsson, G. (2017). Emotions in strategic leadership: a literature review and theoretical modelling for future research. International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior, 20(3), 311-340
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emotions in strategic leadership: a literature review and theoretical modelling for future research
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior, ISSN 1093-4537, E-ISSN 1532-4273, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 311-340Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to explore the existing literature on emotion and strategic leadership in a systematic review and to synthesize it into a theoretical model. A literature review on emotion in connection to strategic leadership was undertaken. After adhering to the search strategy and exclusion criteria, 46 peer-reviewed texts consisting of articles and relevant book chapters remained. The texts were analyzed according to the grounded theory method (GTM) to generate a new theoretical model and a core variable was identified, organizational emotion shaping. The model attempts to show how the interaction of individual and organizational framing factors with the strategic leader’s tasks and challenges lead to emotion shaping internal and external of the organization. Suggestions for future research were formed and suggestions of practical implications were given. This literature review and theoretical integration offers a starting point for potential areas of further exploration.

National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6505 (URN)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-11-06Bibliographically approved
Alvinius, A., Johansson, E. & Larsson, G. (2017). Job satisfaction as a form of organizational commitment at the military strategic level: A grounded theory study. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 25(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job satisfaction as a form of organizational commitment at the military strategic level: A grounded theory study
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Organizational Analysis, ISSN 1934-8835, E-ISSN 1758-8561, Vol. 25, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

It has been claimed that job satisfaction is the most important and frequently studied attitude in organizational behaviour research. However, as most studies relate to lower hierarchical levels, the purpose of the present study was to gain a deeper understanding of job satisfaction and organizational commitment among high-level managers, military leaders in this case.

Design/methodology/approach

A grounded theory approach was used. The empirical material is based on 12 interviews, two of which were with women. The informants had wide experience of a number of leadership positions as well as participation in international operations. Their ranks ranged from Colonel to Brigadier General and they represented army and naval units, the Armed Forces Headquarters and Swedish Defence University.

Findings

The qualitative analysis resulted in a theoretical model that describes the job satisfaction of military leaders at the strategic level, which concerns establishing and balancing organizational commitment. This means that top level managers develop, manage and recreate a “sense of oneness” between themselves and the organization – a strong identification that is established, challenged, changed, and renegotiated in a continuous process. Establishing and balancing organizational commitment is built on two overarching categories: keeping up the organizational image and responding to organizational greediness.

Research limitations/implications

Small sample, lack of representativeness, and lack of elaboration on possible gender-related aspects.

Practical implications

The suggested model may be valuable in educational settings when evaluating the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of high-level officers. The model may have practical implications when it comes to selection, retention and leader development of high-level military officers.

Originality/value

A new integrative, theoretical model of job satisfaction and organizational commitment of high-level officers is developed and discussed.

National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6504 (URN)10.1108/IJOA-10-2015-0919 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Larsson, G., Sandahl, C., Söderhjelm, T., Sjövold, E. & Zander, A. (2017). Leadership behavior changes following a theory-based leadership development intervention: a longitudinal study of subordinates’ and leaders’ evaluations. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 58(1), 62-68
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leadership behavior changes following a theory-based leadership development intervention: a longitudinal study of subordinates’ and leaders’ evaluations
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2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 62-68Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to evaluate effects of leadership courses based on the developmental leadership model at the leadership behavioral level. A longitudinal design was employed with assessments before, one and six months after the leadership courses. The sample consisted of 59 leaders who made self-ratings and were rated by at least three subordinates on each occasion. Leadership behaviors were measured with the Developmental Leadership Questionnaire (DLQ). A limited increase of favorable leadership behaviors and a significant reduction of unfavorable leadership behaviors were found, particularly according to the subordinates’ ratings. A cluster analysis yielded three meaningful leader profiles and showed that this pattern was found in all three profiles, irrespective of how favorably they were rated before the onset of the intervention.

National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6503 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12337 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Larsson, G., Alvinius, A., Fors Brandebo, M., Hyllengren, P., Nilsson, S. & Ohlsson, A. (2017). Leadership lessons: New challenges for smaller nations in multinational, highly stressful missions. In: Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg (Ed.), The Swedish presence in Afghanistan: security and defence transformation (pp. 116-137). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leadership lessons: New challenges for smaller nations in multinational, highly stressful missions
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2017 (English)In: The Swedish presence in Afghanistan: security and defence transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 116-137Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6512 (URN)9781472474094 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved
Larsson, G., Berglund, A. K., Alvinius, A. & Bandlitz Johansen, R. (2017). Militära mellanchefers containerfunkiton och ledarskap: En nyckel till organisationers resultat. Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Militära mellanchefers containerfunkiton och ledarskap: En nyckel till organisationers resultat
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2017
Series
Ledarskapscentrum Serie I.: Informations- och utbildningsmaterial ; 108
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7193 (URN)9789186137694 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Fors Brandebo, M., Nilsson, S. & Larsson, G. (2017). Passive destructive leadership in a military context. In: : . Paper presented at 59th conference International Military Testing Association, Bern, Switzerland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Passive destructive leadership in a military context
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7364 (URN)
Conference
59th conference International Military Testing Association, Bern, Switzerland
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
Fors Brandebo, M., Nilsson, S. & Larsson, G. (2017). Passive leadership in a military context. Its relationship with work attitudes and emotional exhaustion. In: : . Paper presented at European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology, Dublin, Ireland..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Passive leadership in a military context. Its relationship with work attitudes and emotional exhaustion
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose

This paper reports the results of three quantitative studies on destructive leadership in a military context. The aim is to identify (a) which behaviors are considered passive leadership in this type of context, (b) outcomes of passive leadership, and (c) hierarchical differences regarding outcomes of passive leadership.

Design/Methodology

Questionnaire data was collected from (a) three Swedish military groups (n = 428), (b) military personnel in Estonia, Sweden, Switzerland and the Netherlands (= 625), and (c) Swedish military personnel serving in Afghanistan (n = 289).

Results

The results show that passive leadership in a military context is defined as behaviors related to being “passive, cowardly” and “uncertain, unclear, messy”. Passive leadership behaviors had a stronger impact (than active destructive leadership behaviors) on outcomes such as emotional exhaustion and propensity to leave the organization. The results also reveal that passive leadership behaviors are more common on higher hierarchical levels compared to lower.

Limitations

Limitations related to common method variance, response set tendencies and lack of response rate are discussed.

Research/practical implications

The results emphasize the importance of focusing on passive leadership behaviors in the research field of destructive leadership. From a practical perspective, implications for military organizations are discussed.

Originality/Value

Since most of the studies on passive leadership are conducted in civilian settings, the results from this paper contribute with context-specific knowledge about passive leadership in a military setting.

National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7360 (URN)
Conference
European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology, Dublin, Ireland.
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8274-6065

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