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Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Schüler, M. & Bjurström, E. (2022). Blurring the lines: Merging aspects of human cognition and artificial intelligence. In: 27th ICCRTS Proceedings: . Paper presented at 27 th International Command And Control Research & Technology Symposium, Quebec City, Canada, 25-27 October, 2022 (pp. 1-6). International Command and Control Institute
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Blurring the lines: Merging aspects of human cognition and artificial intelligence
2022 (English)In: 27th ICCRTS Proceedings, International Command and Control Institute , 2022, p. 1-6Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this article is to discuss the transformation of Twitter from a usable tool for spreading information to a space for learning. When we talk about different software, we in many cases can’t phantom their outreach and connectivity. Specific software solutions have been integrated into our lives making them a part of ourselves. Specific tools can be designed to enhance specific functions within the software such as automatic accounts spreading keywords users write. Users are humans and perceive their cyber environment in the same way as they perceive human interaction in real life. The transformation changed the tool to an area of operation where different stakeholders can interact with each other. From an intelligence perspective, the distinction between technology and HUMINT no longer serves its purposes of classification – it has merged into one and the same. From the perspective of C2, information technology in itself is still emphasized at the cost of other dimensions, hence obscuring the very mechanisms of how what is only seen as social media in fact is a dimension of itself. While the human dimension is sometimes addressed, there is a dearth of research exploring its workings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Command and Control Institute, 2022
Series
ICCRTS Symposium, ISSN 2577-1604
Keywords
software, artifical intelligence
National Category
Applied Psychology Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11175 (URN)
Conference
27 th International Command And Control Research & Technology Symposium, Quebec City, Canada, 25-27 October, 2022
Available from: 2022-12-07 Created: 2022-12-07 Last updated: 2024-04-02Bibliographically approved
Schüler, M. & Bjurström, E. (2021). Speed vs thought. In: 26th ICCRTS International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium: Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Autonomy: C2 Implications, Opportunities and Challenges. Paper presented at International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS) (pp. 1-8). , Topic 3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Speed vs thought
2021 (English)In: 26th ICCRTS International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium: Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Autonomy: C2 Implications, Opportunities and Challenges, 2021, Vol. Topic 3, p. 1-8Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the conception of speed in command and control (C2) systems’ impact on human thought and to introduce the notion of “Combat Integrated Learning” (CIL). In a context of increased complexity, unpredictability and ambiguity, adaptation not only concerns agility in terms of speed, but through resilience, self- healing and – in lack of calculable consequence ethics – an Aristotelian notion of virtue as a stable equilibrium of the soul as a basis for choice of action “knowingly and for its own sake”. As humans we have many cognitive functions which impact how we perceive information i.e., sensemaking and situation awareness. But the essence of thinking is a philosophical issue where philosophers like Arendt previously explained the emergence of banal evil as ordinary men having lost their ability to think. C2 systems that make us reactive to a piece of information, inciting speed to act, minimize human reflection and learning. Developing time effective C2 systems could in fact lead to the creation of military stupidity. Authority, organizational and administrative procedures may lead to normalization of risk, morally questionable attitudes and actions, routinized humiliation and behavior that ultimately break down sensemaking and the sense of “self” in degraded environments. C2 systems and their uses may hamper intelligent action through the loss of an active agency of the individual, thus impede understanding and management of the battlespace, especially in the light of deception and disinformation, and unclear causal relations of events in constrained environments.This paper points at potential good practices in the face of ambiguity.

Series
International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS) proceedings, E-ISSN 2577-1604
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Learning
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10396 (URN)
Conference
International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS)
Available from: 2021-10-12 Created: 2021-10-12 Last updated: 2022-01-17Bibliographically approved
Bjurström, E., Ivari, J., Tarnawska, A. & Westbury, N. C. (2021). Towards a multi-level theory of agility. In: 26th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Autonomy: C2 Implications, Opportunities and Challenges, 2021: . Paper presented at 26th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Autonomy: C2 Implications, Opportunities and Challenges, October 18-22 and 25-28, 2021, Washington DC, USA (pp. 1-12).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a multi-level theory of agility
2021 (English)In: 26th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Autonomy: C2 Implications, Opportunities and Challenges, 2021, 2021, p. 1-12Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A multilevel theory of agility for C2 is absent. This paper uses an organizing paradigm to reinterpret the existing body ofresearch in order to explore the multilevel self-organizing dynamics that underpin the emergence of organizationalagility. Following social theory’s practice-turn, we outline in section 2 the essence of the organizing paradigm and mapsome of its implications. We reflect on the routines, creativity and complexity inherent in human organizing, and howorganizing practices manifest new collective C2 capabilities for unanticipated, unexpected and unfamiliar circumstances.Then we consider the role and limits of individual agency and rationality within the process of organizing, placing theemphasis on a collective process of structuring that imposes change and order in structure. In section 3 we present anillustration of some organizing principles and practices that may feature within a multi-level theory of agility. We explorehow collective sensemaking is intertwined with collective organizing, and briefly reflect on a conceptual model of agilityin the organizing paradigm. In the concluding section 4 we discuss the usefulness of an organizing paradigm for C2 agilityresearch and invite collaboration in researching cross-level organizing processes and practices.

Series
International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS) proceedings, E-ISSN 2577-1604
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12116 (URN)
Conference
26th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Autonomy: C2 Implications, Opportunities and Challenges, October 18-22 and 25-28, 2021, Washington DC, USA
Available from: 2024-01-10 Created: 2024-01-10 Last updated: 2024-04-02Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4572-9623

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