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Engelbrekt, Kjell, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3218-5647
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Publikationer (10 of 53) Visa alla publikationer
Engelbrekt, K. (2018). A brief intellectual history of geopolitical thought and its relevance to the Baltic Sea region. Global Affairs, 4(4-5), 475-485
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A brief intellectual history of geopolitical thought and its relevance to the Baltic Sea region
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Global Affairs, ISSN 2334-0460, E-ISSN 2334-0479, Vol. 4, nr 4-5, s. 475-485Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article outlines a general history of the intellectual origins and development of geopolitical thought. It provides categories for assessing contemporary expressions of this phenomenon, and then discusses the applicability of these tools to the Baltic Sea region. The article focuses on eliciting and juxtaposing contrasts between the three classical bodies of literature that evolved largely in parallel, and ends up briefly commenting on a fourth, partly “critical” approach. The main takeaway is that considering all four geopolitical approaches before applying any of them to the Baltic Sea realm encourages analysts to embrace a more holistic and dynamic viewpoint than each of the alternatives individually can offer. Such a conceptualization promises to forge analytical linkages between a series of relevant, geographically contingent circumstances including resources, arenas and communities that represent prerequisites and opportunities incrisis, conflict, or war.

Nyckelord
geopolitics, Baltic Sea region, Russia, intellectual history, conceptual approach
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8209 (URN)10.1080/23340460.2018.1535256 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-02 Skapad: 2018-11-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Schmidt-Felzmann, A. & Engelbrekt, K. (2018). Challenges in the Baltic Sea region: geopolitics, insecurity and identity. Global Affairs, 4(4-5), 445-466
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Challenges in the Baltic Sea region: geopolitics, insecurity and identity
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Global Affairs, ISSN 2334-0460, E-ISSN 2334-0479, Vol. 4, nr 4-5, s. 445-466Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article addresses the changing security environment in the Baltic Sea region and reviews the patterns of cooperation and conflict since the end of the Cold War. The exploration starts from the concerns voiced by analysts since 2014 that the Baltic Sea could become the scene for a military confrontation with Russia. The article reviews the scholarly debates and examines the insights gained from past developments in the region. It underlines the utility of cooperation to address emerging security challenges and highlights the drivers of insecurity and threat perceptions, revealing the importance of changes in the sense ofidentity and belonging across the region. The article situates the contributions to the Forum -- The Return of Geopolitics to the Baltic Sea Region -- in the context of the lessons that can be drawn from the shifts and changes that have taken place in the region in the last three decades.

Nyckelord
Baltic Sea, geopolitics, Russia, European Union, security
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8208 (URN)10.1080/23340460.2018.1535259 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-02 Skapad: 2018-11-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Engelbrekt, K. (2018). Final reflections. Global Affairs, 4(4-5), 551-554
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Final reflections
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Global Affairs, ISSN 2334-0460, E-ISSN 2334-0479, Vol. 4, nr 4-5, s. 551-554Artikel i tidskrift, Editorial material (Refereegranskat) Published
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8210 (URN)10.1080/23340460.2018.1535257 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-02 Skapad: 2018-11-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Engelbrekt, K. (2018). Kärnvapen i en alltmer multipolär värld: forskningsöversikt och jämförande analys av amerikansk, brittisk, fransk och rysk doktrin. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Kärnvapen i en alltmer multipolär värld: forskningsöversikt och jämförande analys av amerikansk, brittisk, fransk och rysk doktrin
2018 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The first part of this report provides an overview of the history of nuclear weapons doctrine, as it evolved in parallel to the practice of warfare and war planning in the mid-1940s and subsequently as an integral element of the cold war. A distinction is made between the early development of nuclear weapons doctrine, when United States held a dominant position in the field, and the near-parity situation that ensued in the late 1960s and onwards. The second part of the report consists of an analysis of American, British, French and Russian nuclear weapons doctrine between 1991 and 2018, illustrating how a period of low tension was gradually replaced with a reinvigoration of mutual suspicion after the year 2000. A third part briefly examines recent contributions to the American scholarly debate about the utility of nuclear weapons for strategic thought in a world moving toward polycentrism, as it revisits earlier theoretical insights and challenges conventional wisdoms. The fourth and final part elicits lessons for Sweden in particular.

Overall, the report demonstrates that nuclear weapons consistently have represented an integral element of managing security risks in the Western hemisphere but that domestic political and defense industry considerations play in as well. It also suggests that doctrinal adjustments mirror the major concerns of policymakers in this regard and that nuclear powers are well aware of special obligations and privileges ascribed to them by countries that lack this category of weapons. A world in which the United States wields the greatest share of this power (unipolarity) will nonetheless be quite different from one in which two countries possess roughly the same capacity (bipolarity), and yet fundamentally different from one in which three or more countries compete to gain, or sustain, an edge toward others (multipolarity).

To the extent that the world is moving toward greater security competition including the dimension of nuclear power, it will inevitably be more difficult for individual states to remain on the sidelines, unless they are ready to compromise their political autonomy. In terms of options for aligning Sweden with a broader security arrangement in the near future, there are only three feasible alternatives that may offset the risk of nuclear coercion: responding within the framework of the EU, forge closer ties to NATO, or build a bilateral relationship to the United States. Each such option comes with its own set of assets and liabilities, as does remaining a passive bystander.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2018. s. 40
Nyckelord
kärnvapen, strategi, USA, Storbritannien, Frankrike, Ryssland
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8212 (URN)
Projekt
Transaltantisk och europeisk säkerhet , FORBE
Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-02 Skapad: 2018-11-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Engelbrekt, K. (2018). USA:s bilaterala säkerhets- och försvarsuppgörelser: kartläggning och karakterisering av en ofta underskattad dimension. Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift (3), 74-93
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>USA:s bilaterala säkerhets- och försvarsuppgörelser: kartläggning och karakterisering av en ofta underskattad dimension
2018 (Svenska)Ingår i: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, nr 3, s. 74-93Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article provides an overview and concise analysis of the often underappreciated bilateral security and defense agreements that the United States entertains with a significant number of countries around the world. It sets out by emphasizing the role of the United States in sustaining the world order at a systemic level and notes that Washington’s bilateral relations, albeit forming a significant part of the overall security and defense arrangements, receive much less attention than multilateral alliances and systemically conditioned alignments.  After briefly reviewing recent literature on this subject, the article examines the process by which the United States enters into agreements of varying legal and political status, and then discusses the ramifications and limitations of the respective types of arrangements.  In turn, the article examines formal bilateral treaties (mainly with East Asian states), politically motivated security and defense agreements (mainly in the wider Middle East), and, lastly, executive agreements initiated by the presidential administration, the Defense Department or the State Department. The article ends by suggesting that the administration of Donald J. Trump—given campaign statements and the first six months in office—is less likely than many of its predecessors to enter into new agreements and formalize existing alignments, and that the viability of existing ones may become increasingly dependent on America’s counterparts demonstrably living up to their end of the bargain. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien, 2018
Nyckelord
USA, säkerhetspolitik, traktat, bilaterala överenskommelser, senaten
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8207 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-02 Skapad: 2018-11-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Watts, J., Ledberg, S. & Engelbrekt, K. (2016). Brothers in Arms, Yet Again?: Twenty-first Century Sino-Russian Strategic Collaboration in the Realm of Defence and Security. Defence Studies, 16(4), 427-449
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Brothers in Arms, Yet Again?: Twenty-first Century Sino-Russian Strategic Collaboration in the Realm of Defence and Security
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 427-449Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

2014-2015 were years of turmoil for strategic relations, with Sino-Russian relations emerging as a particularly interesting set of ties to observe. This article asks whether recurrent Sino-Russian exhortations of friendship are mirrored by their strategic alignment in the defence and security realm, half a century after the end of the Sino-Soviet pact during the communist era. We examine the arms trade between the two countries and with regional partners, but also the recent pattern of bilateral and multilateral military exercises, as a combined test of the security and defence relationship.  We are able to show that the image of friendship that both Moscow and Beijing like to promote, while apparent at the UN Security Council and within the BRICS group, remains constrained by rivalry in high-tech segments of the arms industry and by lingering concerns about the prospects of peer interference in their shared regional vicinity.

Nyckelord
China, Russia, strategic collaboration, high-tech arms trade, military exercises, SCO, CSTO
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Krigsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6434 (URN)10.1080/14702436.2016.1238747 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-30 Skapad: 2016-12-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Engelbrekt, K. (2016). ”En kapplöpning utan like”: En analytisk PM inför det amerikanska presidentvalet den 8:e november 2016.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>”En kapplöpning utan like”: En analytisk PM inför det amerikanska presidentvalet den 8:e november 2016
2016 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The 2016 American presidential election has been described as ‘a race like no other’, with reference to the tone and nature of the campaign and the stark contrast between the policy platforms of the two main contenders, as well as the unusually high stakes involved for America, the transatlantic link, and beyond. The analysis contained in this memorandum discusses the foreign, security and defense policy platforms of Hillary Clinton and Donald J. Trump, the leadership styles of the two main candidates, and their respective approaches to transnational alliances and partnerships. In each of three areas of comparison Clinton emerges as the markedly more predictable, more competent and better prepared contender, also reassuringly focused on strengthening ties to close allies and partners in the coming years. From the vantage point of the global order, international trade, security and stability in Europe and the Baltic Sea region, Sweden is therefore significantly more likely to benefit from a Clinton presidency than from an administration led by Trump, and might even be in a position to forge closer ties to the United States in the realm of foreign, security and defense policy following a victory for the Democratic Party candidate on 8 November.

Förlag
s. 16
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6771 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-07-04 Skapad: 2017-07-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Engelbrekt, K. & Mörkenstam, U. (2016). Forskarutbildningen: Att forska är att inte distraheras. In: Linus Hagström, Arita Holmberg, Niklas Bremberg (Ed.), Att forska: praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen (pp. 31-53). Stockholm: Carlssons Bokförlag
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Forskarutbildningen: Att forska är att inte distraheras
2016 (Svenska)Ingår i: Att forska: praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen / [ed] Linus Hagström, Arita Holmberg, Niklas Bremberg, Stockholm: Carlssons Bokförlag , 2016, s. 31-53Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Carlssons Bokförlag, 2016
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5722 (URN)9789173317696 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-01-11 Skapad: 2016-01-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Engelbrekt, K. (2016). High-Table Diplomacy: the Reshaping of International Security Institutions. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>High-Table Diplomacy: the Reshaping of International Security Institutions
2016 (Engelska)Bok (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The proliferation of "minilateral" summits is reshaping how international security problems are addressed, yet these summits remain a poorly understood phenomenon. In this groundbreaking work, Kjell Engelbrekt contrasts the most important minilateral summits -- the G7 (formerly G8) and G20 -- with the older and more formal UN Security Council to assess where the diplomacy of international security is taking place and whether these institutions complement or compete with each other. Engelbrekt's research in primary-source documents of the G7, G8, G20, and UN Security Council provides unique insight into how these institutions deliberate on three policy areas: conflict management, counterterrorism cooperation, and climate change mitigation. Relatively informal and flexible, GX diplomacy invites more countries to take a seat at the table and allows nontraditional security threats to be placed on the agenda. Engelbrekt concludes, however, that there is a continuing need for institutions like the UN to address traditional security problems. High-Table Diplomacy will provoke discussion and further research on the role of minilateral summits among scholars of international relations, security studies, and international organizations.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Washington DC: Georgetown University Press, 2016. s. 250
Nyckelord
summit meetings, diplomacy, international relations, security
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6432 (URN)978-1-62616-313-3 (ISBN)978-1-62616-312-6 (ISBN)978-1-62616-314-0 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-30 Skapad: 2016-12-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Ahlgren, P., Engelbrekt, K. & Wedin, L. (2016). Jan Mörtberg: en besjälad uppdragstaktiker. In: Patrik Ahlgren, Kjell Engelbrekt, Lars Wedin (Ed.), Uppdragstaktik på svenska: en vän- och debattbok tillägnad överste Jan Mörtberg (pp. 141-147). Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien och Försvarshögskolan
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Jan Mörtberg: en besjälad uppdragstaktiker
2016 (Svenska)Ingår i: Uppdragstaktik på svenska: en vän- och debattbok tillägnad överste Jan Mörtberg / [ed] Patrik Ahlgren, Kjell Engelbrekt, Lars Wedin, Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien och Försvarshögskolan , 2016, s. 141-147Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien och Försvarshögskolan, 2016
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6559 (URN)9789198087871 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-01-18 Skapad: 2017-01-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3218-5647

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