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Publikasjoner (10 av 77) Visa alla publikasjoner
Jonsson, E., Salo, M., Lillemäe, E., Bruntland Steder, F., Ferst, T., Kasearu, K., . . . Truusa, T.-T. (2024). Multifaceted Conscription: A Comparative Study of Six European Countries. Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, 7(1), 19-33
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Multifaceted Conscription: A Comparative Study of Six European Countries
Vise andre…
2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, E-ISSN 2596-3856, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 19-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the last few decades have witnessed a shift from conscription to all-volunteer forces in many European countries, recent changes in the European security environment have raised new concerns and prompted several countries to reconsider conscription. However, modern conscription systems have also had to adapt to changing societies and an increasing emphasis on individualistic and neoliberal values. This study aims to examine the various forms of military conscription and illuminate the continuing viability of the conscription model in six European countries: Estonia, Finland, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland. Four of these countries have consistently maintained conscription (Estonia, Finland, Norway, and Switzerland), while Lithuania and Sweden have recently reinstated conscription. Although conscription systems differ among these countries, there is overall an increasing emphasis on conscript motivation and female participation. Three key aspects are identified to describe different conscription systems: the proportion of conscripted individuals in the birth cohort, motivation to serve, and the approach to female conscripts. Combining these aspects, the study identifies three types of conscription system in these six countries. This article demonstrates that conscription has evolved and adapted to changing societies and security situations instead of merely retaining its traditional form.

Emneord
conscription, armed forces, motivation, female participation, reinstating conscription
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap och ledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12299 (URN)10.31374/sjms.166 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-03-07 Laget: 2024-03-07 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Österberg, J., Jonsson, E. & Börjesson, M. (2024). Views on an officer career: the relationship between personality, leadership expectations and perceived qualities. Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 12(1)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Views on an officer career: the relationship between personality, leadership expectations and perceived qualities
2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: Current Issues in Personality Psychology, ISSN 2353-4192, Vol. 12, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

The Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) have had difficulties in recruiting a sufficient amount of cadets to the officer program during the period with an all-volunteer force.

Participants and procedure:

Data were collected from different officer programs. 318 respondents fostered in the all-volunteer force (AVF) system completed the questionnaire and a cross-sectional design was used where cadets received a questionnaire at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of their training.

Results:

The results show that the informants perceived a clear distinction between leadership challenges in the short and long term. The cadets rate their practical knowledge/experience and gaining trust as most challenging in the short term, and personnel supply and reorganization in the long term. Younger cadets rate leadership challenges higher than older cadets do, which is in line with maturing as a human being and gaining more experience. Results based on personality were consistent with previous studies. Two of the future challenges for cadets, short-term leadership and knowledge challenges, showed associations with extraversion and neuroticism.

Conclusions:

The results illustrate important topics to be stressed during the three year long officer program, in order to prepare cadets both with knowledge and skills but also with confidence and trust. This is of particular importance as the need to increase the number of cadets graduating from the academic officer program is growing. It implies that more and more cadets will be recruited directly from the basic military training, i.e., being young with relatively low military and leadership experience.

Emneord
personality, leadership, officer
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap och ledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12300 (URN)10.5114/cipp/174517 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-03-07 Laget: 2024-03-07 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Berndtsson, J. & Österberg, J. (2023). A question of time? Deployments, dwell time, and work-life balance for military personnel in Scandinavia. Military Psychology, 35(2), 157-168
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A question of time? Deployments, dwell time, and work-life balance for military personnel in Scandinavia
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 157-168Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, interest in the different ways in which military employment affects individuals’ work-life balance (WLB) has grown. At the same time, research on military organizations and personnel has increasingly included time-related factors such as deploy-to-dwell (D2D) ratios to help explain adverse health effects of overseas deployments. The aim of this article is to explore connections between organizational systems for regulating deployment frequency and dwell (or respite) time with a particular focus on potential consequences for work-life balance. We focus on personal and organizational factors that shape the nature and outcome of work-life balance, including stress, mental health problems, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions. To explore these links, we first provide an overview of research on the impact of deploy-to-dwell ratios on mental health and social relations. We then turn to the regulation and organization of deployment and dwell time in Scandinavia. Here, the ambition is to identify potential sources of work-life conflict and associated effects for deployed personnel. The results provide a basis for further research into time-related effects of military deployments.

Emneord
Work-life balance, military deployment, Scandinavia, deploy-to-dwell ratio, work-life conflict
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap och ledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12014 (URN)10.1080/08995605.2022.2093090 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-12-13 Laget: 2023-12-13 Sist oppdatert: 2023-12-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Van Baalen, M., Österberg, J., Braunerhielm, L. & Karlsson, S. (2023). Försvarsetableringens geografier: Åter- och nyetablering av regementen ur ett rumsligt perspektiv. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Försvarsetableringens geografier: Åter- och nyetablering av regementen ur ett rumsligt perspektiv
2023 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2023. s. 29
Serie
PM ILL-K ; 2-2023
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap och ledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11688 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-06-29 Laget: 2023-06-29 Sist oppdatert: 2023-09-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Österberg, J., Nilsson, S. & Jalmarsson, L. (2022). Kompanibefälsuttagnas upplevelser av sin värnpliktsutbildning och viljan till engagemang i Försvarsmakten: Utvärdering efter pilotinförandet år 2020. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Kompanibefälsuttagnas upplevelser av sin värnpliktsutbildning och viljan till engagemang i Försvarsmakten: Utvärdering efter pilotinförandet år 2020
2022 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022. s. 26
Serie
Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning (ILL). Serie T, ISSN 1401-565X ; 44
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap och ledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11317 (URN)978-91-88975-16-4 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-01-11 Laget: 2023-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2023-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Löfgren Rollof, M., Österberg, J., Nilsson, J. & Oskarsson, E. (2022). Reservofficerares upplevelser av sin utbildning och deras vidare engagemang i Försvarsmakten: En kvalitativ intervjustudie hösten 2021. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Reservofficerares upplevelser av sin utbildning och deras vidare engagemang i Försvarsmakten: En kvalitativ intervjustudie hösten 2021
2022 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022
Serie
PM ILL-K ; 4-2022
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap och ledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11298 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-01-11 Laget: 2023-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2023-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Oskarsson, E., Lundell, E. & Österberg, J. (2022). Results from a work-life balance survey: A comparative study in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Results from a work-life balance survey: A comparative study in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden
2022 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022
Serie
PM ILL-K ; 7-2022
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap och ledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11302 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-01-11 Laget: 2023-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2023-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Lundell, E. & Österberg, J. (2022). Sammanställning av svar för utryckningsenkät SOU. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sammanställning av svar för utryckningsenkät SOU
2022 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022
Serie
PM ILL-K ; 2-2022
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap och ledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11296 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-01-11 Laget: 2023-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2023-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Lundell, E. & Österberg, J. (2022). Statistik uppföljning av professionsintervjuer: Resultat för testningsperioderna 2020 och 2021. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Statistik uppföljning av professionsintervjuer: Resultat för testningsperioderna 2020 och 2021
2022 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022
Serie
PM ILL-K ; 1-2022
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap och ledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11294 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-01-11 Laget: 2023-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2023-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Ċesnuitytė, V., Ferst, T., Jonsson, E., Kasearu, K., Lillimäe, E., Novagrockiené, J., . . . Österberg, J. (2022). The present and future of conscription in Europe in the 21st century. In: : . Paper presented at International Society of Military Sciences (ISMS), Lissabon, Portugal, 10-13 October, 2022.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The present and future of conscription in Europe in the 21st century
Vise andre…
2022 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation only (Annet vitenskapelig)
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap och ledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11310 (URN)
Konferanse
International Society of Military Sciences (ISMS), Lissabon, Portugal, 10-13 October, 2022
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-01-11 Laget: 2023-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2023-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4596-1174