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Kleffner, Jann, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8261-5660
Alternativa namn
Publikasjoner (10 av 75) Visa alla publikasjoner
Kleffner, J. (2022). The unilateralization of international humanitarian law. International Review of the Red Cross, 104(920-921), 2153-2169
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The unilateralization of international humanitarian law
2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Review of the Red Cross, ISSN 1816-3831, E-ISSN 1607-5889, Vol. 104, nr 920-921, s. 2153-2169Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Traditionally, international humanitarian law (IHL) is conceptualized as a body of mutually binding, horizontal international legal rules that are agreed upon by States and that govern the relationships between parties to armed conflicts. Yet, there is discernible evidence that contemporary IHL – and the broader normative environment that pertains to the regulation of armed conflicts in which it is situated – is incorporating elements of unilateralization, manifested in legal and non-legal norms that regulate armed conflicts taking the form of commitments whose validity is not dependent on being reciprocated. This article examines some of the systemic implications of unilateralization of IHL and considers its pitfalls and potential.

Emneord
development of international humanitarian law, unilateral norms, reciprocity, belligerent equality
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Juridik med inriktning mot operativ juridik och folkrätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11134 (URN)10.1017/s1816383122000625 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-11-15 Laget: 2022-11-15 Sist oppdatert: 2022-11-16bibliografisk kontrollert
Kleffner, J. (2022). UKRAINE SYMPOSIUM – UKRAINE’S LEVÉE EN MASSE AND THE OBLIGATION TO ENSURE RESPECT FOR LOAC. Articles of War
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>UKRAINE SYMPOSIUM – UKRAINE’S LEVÉE EN MASSE AND THE OBLIGATION TO ENSURE RESPECT FOR LOAC
2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Articles of WarArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Juridik med inriktning mot operativ juridik och folkrätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12040 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-12-20 Laget: 2023-12-20 Sist oppdatert: 2023-12-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Kleffner, J. (2021). Article 33: Rights and privileges of retained personnel. In: ICRC (Ed.), ICRC Commentary on Geneva Convention III relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War: (pp. 840-840). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Article 33: Rights and privileges of retained personnel
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: ICRC Commentary on Geneva Convention III relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War / [ed] ICRC, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2021, s. 840-840Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2021
Serie
Commentaries on the 1949 Geneva Conventions
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9315 (URN)10.1017/9781108979320 (DOI)9781108979320 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-06-25 Laget: 2020-06-25 Sist oppdatert: 2021-12-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Kleffner, J. (2021). Human Rights in Armed Conflicts (4thed.). In: Dieter Fleck (Ed.), The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law: (pp. 449-457). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Human Rights in Armed Conflicts
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021, 4th, s. 449-457Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021 Opplag: 4th
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9778 (URN)9780198847960 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-03-12 Laget: 2021-03-12 Sist oppdatert: 2022-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Kleffner, J. (2021). Protection of the Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked (4thed.). In: Dieter Fleck (Ed.), The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law: (pp. 360-395). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Protection of the Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021, 4th, s. 360-395Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021 Opplag: 4th
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9777 (URN)9780198847960 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-03-12 Laget: 2021-03-12 Sist oppdatert: 2022-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Fortin, K. & Kleffner, J. (2021). Responsibility of Organized Armed Groups controlling territory: attributing conduct to ISIS. In: Rogier Bartels, Jeroen C. van den Boogaard, Paul A. L. Ducheine, Eric Pouw, Joop Voetelink (Ed.), Military operations and the notion of control under international law: Liber Amicorum Terry D. Gill (pp. 307-328). Haag: TMC Asser Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Responsibility of Organized Armed Groups controlling territory: attributing conduct to ISIS
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Military operations and the notion of control under international law: Liber Amicorum Terry D. Gill / [ed] Rogier Bartels, Jeroen C. van den Boogaard, Paul A. L. Ducheine, Eric Pouw, Joop Voetelink, Haag: TMC Asser Press , 2021, s. 307-328Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Haag: TMC Asser Press, 2021
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9443 (URN)978-94-6265-394-8 (ISBN)978-94-6265-395-5 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-09-22 Laget: 2020-09-22 Sist oppdatert: 2021-11-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Kleffner, J. (2021). Scope of Application of Humanitarian Law (4thed.). In: Dieter Fleck (Ed.), The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law: (pp. 50-80). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Scope of Application of Humanitarian Law
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021, 4th, s. 50-80Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021 Opplag: 4th
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9776 (URN)9780198847960 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-03-12 Laget: 2021-03-12 Sist oppdatert: 2022-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert
(2020). Oslo Manual on Select Topics of the Law of Armed Conflict: Rules and Commentary. Cham: Springer
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Oslo Manual on Select Topics of the Law of Armed Conflict: Rules and Commentary
2020 (engelsk)Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, sider
Cham: Springer, 2020. s. 151
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9314 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-39169-0 (DOI)978-3-030-39168-3 (ISBN)978-3-030-39169-0 (ISBN)
Merknad

Member of the group of experts preparing the Manual.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-06-25 Laget: 2020-06-25 Sist oppdatert: 2021-03-31bibliografisk kontrollert
Kleffner, J. (2019). A Bird’s-eye view on compliance with the law of armed conflict 70 years after the adoption of the Geneva Conventions. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, 22, 107-124
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A Bird’s-eye view on compliance with the law of armed conflict 70 years after the adoption of the Geneva Conventions
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, ISSN 1389-1359, E-ISSN 1574-096X, Vol. 22, s. 107-124Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Against the background of a significant number of compliance mechanisms that the law of armed conflict (LoAC) provides for, on the one hand, and the fact that violations remain a pervasive feature of contemporary armed conflict, on the other, the present chapter examines five distinct compliance-related clusters. It begins by a reminder of the various existent compliance mechanisms and a plea for an honest, inter-disciplinary stocktaking of their efficacy. This is followed by another plea, namely for contextualizing compliance and compliance mechanisms and for moderating the expectations as to what they can achieve as counterweights to the myriad of factors that are prevalent in armed conflicts and that cause violations of the LoAC. The chapter then proceeds with addressing three particular trends that pose particular challenges in relation to compliance: the prevalence of non-international armed conflicts; that the current discourse about compliance is dominated by a culture of repression rather than prevention; and that compliance is increasingly individualized at the expense of addressing the collective nature of the violence inherent in armed conflict as the context in which violations occur.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2019
Emneord
compliance, efficacy of compliance mechanisms, managing expectations, non-international armed conflicts, prevention, individualization of compliance
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9513 (URN)10.1007/978-94-6265-399-3_5 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-11-13 Laget: 2020-11-13 Sist oppdatert: 2020-11-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Kleffner, J. (2019). The Legal Fog of an Illusion: Three Reflections on “Organization” and “Intensity” as Criteria for the Temporal Scope of the Law of Non-International Armed Conflict. International Law Studies, 95, 161-178
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Legal Fog of an Illusion: Three Reflections on “Organization” and “Intensity” as Criteria for the Temporal Scope of the Law of Non-International Armed Conflict
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, Vol. 95, s. 161-178Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The "organization" of the non-State armed group and the "intensity" of the violence between it and its opponent(s) have emerged as the two key criteria to determine the temporal scope of the law of non-international armed conflict. These criteria have served to lift the fog of law in some important respects. Yet, several aspects of the temporal scope of the law of non-international armed conflict remain unsettled. This article addresses three of them, namely the assertion that the factors for ascertaining organization and intensity that have evolved in the jurisprudence of international criminal courts and tribunals are indicative rather than determinative, to whom the criterion of organization is to be applied, and whether the requisite level of intensity of armed violence can be cumulative when multiple organized armed groups are pitted against each other and government forces even though the armed violence that arises in the bilateral relations between two opposing parties does not reach the requisite level of intensity.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law of the U.S. Naval War College, 2019
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8653 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-06-25 Laget: 2019-06-25 Sist oppdatert: 2021-06-14bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8261-5660