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Publications (10 of 77) Show all publications
Jonsson, E., Salo, M., Lillemäe, E., Bruntland Steder, F., Ferst, T., Kasearu, K., . . . Truusa, T.-T. (2024). Multifaceted Conscription: A Comparative Study of Six European Countries. Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, 7(1), 19-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multifaceted Conscription: A Comparative Study of Six European Countries
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2024 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, E-ISSN 2596-3856, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 19-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the last few decades have witnessed a shift from conscription to all-volunteer forces in many European countries, recent changes in the European security environment have raised new concerns and prompted several countries to reconsider conscription. However, modern conscription systems have also had to adapt to changing societies and an increasing emphasis on individualistic and neoliberal values. This study aims to examine the various forms of military conscription and illuminate the continuing viability of the conscription model in six European countries: Estonia, Finland, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland. Four of these countries have consistently maintained conscription (Estonia, Finland, Norway, and Switzerland), while Lithuania and Sweden have recently reinstated conscription. Although conscription systems differ among these countries, there is overall an increasing emphasis on conscript motivation and female participation. Three key aspects are identified to describe different conscription systems: the proportion of conscripted individuals in the birth cohort, motivation to serve, and the approach to female conscripts. Combining these aspects, the study identifies three types of conscription system in these six countries. This article demonstrates that conscription has evolved and adapted to changing societies and security situations instead of merely retaining its traditional form.

Keywords
conscription, armed forces, motivation, female participation, reinstating conscription
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12299 (URN)10.31374/sjms.166 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-03-07 Created: 2024-03-07 Last updated: 2024-03-08Bibliographically approved
Österberg, J., Jonsson, E. & Börjesson, M. (2024). Views on an officer career: the relationship between personality, leadership expectations and perceived qualities. Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 12(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Views on an officer career: the relationship between personality, leadership expectations and perceived qualities
2024 (English)In: Current Issues in Personality Psychology, ISSN 2353-4192, Vol. 12, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

The Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) have had difficulties in recruiting a sufficient amount of cadets to the officer program during the period with an all-volunteer force.

Participants and procedure:

Data were collected from different officer programs. 318 respondents fostered in the all-volunteer force (AVF) system completed the questionnaire and a cross-sectional design was used where cadets received a questionnaire at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of their training.

Results:

The results show that the informants perceived a clear distinction between leadership challenges in the short and long term. The cadets rate their practical knowledge/experience and gaining trust as most challenging in the short term, and personnel supply and reorganization in the long term. Younger cadets rate leadership challenges higher than older cadets do, which is in line with maturing as a human being and gaining more experience. Results based on personality were consistent with previous studies. Two of the future challenges for cadets, short-term leadership and knowledge challenges, showed associations with extraversion and neuroticism.

Conclusions:

The results illustrate important topics to be stressed during the three year long officer program, in order to prepare cadets both with knowledge and skills but also with confidence and trust. This is of particular importance as the need to increase the number of cadets graduating from the academic officer program is growing. It implies that more and more cadets will be recruited directly from the basic military training, i.e., being young with relatively low military and leadership experience.

Keywords
personality, leadership, officer
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12300 (URN)10.5114/cipp/174517 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-03-07 Created: 2024-03-07 Last updated: 2024-03-08Bibliographically approved
Berndtsson, J. & Österberg, J. (2023). A question of time? Deployments, dwell time, and work-life balance for military personnel in Scandinavia. Military Psychology, 35(2), 157-168
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A question of time? Deployments, dwell time, and work-life balance for military personnel in Scandinavia
2023 (English)In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 157-168Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, interest in the different ways in which military employment affects individuals’ work-life balance (WLB) has grown. At the same time, research on military organizations and personnel has increasingly included time-related factors such as deploy-to-dwell (D2D) ratios to help explain adverse health effects of overseas deployments. The aim of this article is to explore connections between organizational systems for regulating deployment frequency and dwell (or respite) time with a particular focus on potential consequences for work-life balance. We focus on personal and organizational factors that shape the nature and outcome of work-life balance, including stress, mental health problems, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions. To explore these links, we first provide an overview of research on the impact of deploy-to-dwell ratios on mental health and social relations. We then turn to the regulation and organization of deployment and dwell time in Scandinavia. Here, the ambition is to identify potential sources of work-life conflict and associated effects for deployed personnel. The results provide a basis for further research into time-related effects of military deployments.

Keywords
Work-life balance, military deployment, Scandinavia, deploy-to-dwell ratio, work-life conflict
National Category
Psychology Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12014 (URN)10.1080/08995605.2022.2093090 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-12-13 Created: 2023-12-13 Last updated: 2023-12-13Bibliographically approved
Van Baalen, M., Österberg, J., Braunerhielm, L. & Karlsson, S. (2023). Försvarsetableringens geografier: Åter- och nyetablering av regementen ur ett rumsligt perspektiv. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Försvarsetableringens geografier: Åter- och nyetablering av regementen ur ett rumsligt perspektiv
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2023. p. 29
Series
PM ILL-K ; 2-2023
National Category
Social Sciences Human Geography
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11688 (URN)
Available from: 2023-06-29 Created: 2023-06-29 Last updated: 2023-09-29Bibliographically approved
Österberg, J., Nilsson, S. & Jalmarsson, L. (2022). Kompanibefälsuttagnas upplevelser av sin värnpliktsutbildning och viljan till engagemang i Försvarsmakten: Utvärdering efter pilotinförandet år 2020. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kompanibefälsuttagnas upplevelser av sin värnpliktsutbildning och viljan till engagemang i Försvarsmakten: Utvärdering efter pilotinförandet år 2020
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022. p. 26
Series
Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning (ILL). Serie T, ISSN 1401-565X ; 44
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11317 (URN)978-91-88975-16-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-01-11 Created: 2023-01-11 Last updated: 2023-01-11Bibliographically approved
Löfgren Rollof, M., Österberg, J., Nilsson, J. & Oskarsson, E. (2022). Reservofficerares upplevelser av sin utbildning och deras vidare engagemang i Försvarsmakten: En kvalitativ intervjustudie hösten 2021. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reservofficerares upplevelser av sin utbildning och deras vidare engagemang i Försvarsmakten: En kvalitativ intervjustudie hösten 2021
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022
Series
PM ILL-K ; 4-2022
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11298 (URN)
Available from: 2023-01-11 Created: 2023-01-11 Last updated: 2023-01-11Bibliographically approved
Oskarsson, E., Lundell, E. & Österberg, J. (2022). Results from a work-life balance survey: A comparative study in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Results from a work-life balance survey: A comparative study in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022
Series
PM ILL-K ; 7-2022
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11302 (URN)
Available from: 2023-01-11 Created: 2023-01-11 Last updated: 2023-01-11Bibliographically approved
Lundell, E. & Österberg, J. (2022). Sammanställning av svar för utryckningsenkät SOU. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sammanställning av svar för utryckningsenkät SOU
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022
Series
PM ILL-K ; 2-2022
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11296 (URN)
Available from: 2023-01-11 Created: 2023-01-11 Last updated: 2023-01-11Bibliographically approved
Lundell, E. & Österberg, J. (2022). Statistik uppföljning av professionsintervjuer: Resultat för testningsperioderna 2020 och 2021. Försvarshögskolan (FHS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Statistik uppföljning av professionsintervjuer: Resultat för testningsperioderna 2020 och 2021
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022
Series
PM ILL-K ; 1-2022
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11294 (URN)
Available from: 2023-01-11 Created: 2023-01-11 Last updated: 2023-01-11Bibliographically approved
Ċesnuitytė, V., Ferst, T., Jonsson, E., Kasearu, K., Lillimäe, E., Novagrockiené, J., . . . Österberg, J. (2022). The present and future of conscription in Europe in the 21st century. In: : . Paper presented at International Society of Military Sciences (ISMS), Lissabon, Portugal, 10-13 October, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The present and future of conscription in Europe in the 21st century
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2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11310 (URN)
Conference
International Society of Military Sciences (ISMS), Lissabon, Portugal, 10-13 October, 2022
Available from: 2023-01-11 Created: 2023-01-11 Last updated: 2023-01-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4596-1174

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