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  • Mourady, Joanna
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University.
    Törnqvist, Simon
    Swedish Defence University.
    Uppdragstaktik inom civilt försvar: Attityder, förutsättningar, tillämpning och utmaningar2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study is to examine whether Mission Type Tactics could by applied more frequently in Swedish Civil Defense. This study examines applications and consequences of Mission Type Tactics, how leadership varies depending on circumstances and challenges that could be related.

    A qualitative study design with semi structured interviews as method was chosen. Six interviews were done with informants carrying leading positions in the field of Civil Crisis Management. The interviews were transcribed and a thematic analysis was made.

    The result of the analysis consists of three main themes: Management, Leadership and Challenges. The main themes consist of the following divisions: Applications towards Mission Type Tactics, Coordination and Cooperation, Normal situations vs crisis, Strategic level vs operative level, Trust, Organizational culture and Moral Stress.

    The result of this study consists of three main aspects:

    - That Mission Type Tactics could be applied more frequent in Swedish Civil Defense if the organization and structure of the civil sector would be overviewed.

    - That leadership varies depending on phase in the Crisis Management Cycle and on organizational level.

    - That Moral Stress is one key consequence of non-existing or badly applied Mission Type Tactics.

    Recommendations for future studies are organization of the Swedish Civil Defense and the possibility of a Civil Commander in Chief.

  • Rhedin, Felicia
    Swedish Defence University.
    Important system updates needed!: Masculinised logics and gendered path dependence in the European Union’s cybercrime institutions2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis approaches the EU’s cybersecurity discourse from a feminist angle, using a theoretical perspective based on feminist institutionalism and path dependence. The aim is to explore what conceptual logics make it possible for the EU to conceptualise cybersecurity and -crime “problems” in a genderblind way. Making use of Carol Bacchi’s post-structural policy analysis “What is the Problem Represented to Be?” I conduct an analysis of the EU’s cybercrime institutions, focusing on the main EU cybercrime organisation – the EC3. Through analyses of relevant EU and EC3 texts, I find that the EU’s cybercrime institutions are marked by a masculinised way of thinking about cybersecurity and -crime issues, mainly derived from traditional security discourse, which has created path dependence for how cybersecurity and - crime can be understood. Four logics are identified: the control of cyberspace logic which positions cyberspace as the referent object of security; a technical logic which proposes that the risks faced by individuals and societies can be mitigated by increasing the security of ICT products, processes and services; the vulnerability of children logic which constructs children as a vulnerable group whose victimisation is morally necessary to counter; and the end-user responsibility logic which assumes that some forms of issues are best countered by changing the behaviour of the victims. These logics in different ways make the incorporation of a gender perspective more difficult.

  • Demner, Jonathan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Att möjliggöra fysisk skada: En normativ studie av rätten till säkerhet och implikationerna för vapenexport2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Welsh, John
    Swedish Defence University.
    JAS 39 Gripens tidiga utvecklingsarbete: Det svenska försvarskomplexet som policynätverk2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Estenberg, Gabriel
    Swedish Defence University.
    Cooperation and/or Conflict in the Arctic?: The Meaning of National Images in International Arctic Governance2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis criticises previous research on international Arctic governances for being biased towards liberal theoretical assumptions. It is argued that this bias has lead to an inability to also include theories that can provide nuance about cooperation and conflict in the research on Arctic. General assumption of the region as a ”zone of peace” and sometimes an excluding focus on the work and progresses made in the Arctic Council have been favoured over nuanced accounts of conflict and cooperation in international Arctic governance. The criticism is delivered by suggesting a theoretical perspective which draws on Kenneth Boulding’s insights on national images’ role in the practise of foreign policy, which is believed to be able to account for nuances and deeper understanding. Drawing on this theoretical perspective, statements and speeches made by the Arctic states’ ministers of foreign affairs are analysed by using the discursive method of predicate analysis to study how the ministers of foreign affairs image the other Arctic states. These images are assumed to have impact on how the Arctic states practise their foreign policy in the region. The main findings of this thesis suggest that national images can potentially provide understanding and nuances about cooperation and conflict in international Arctic governance. However, further research is needed to strongly argue that national images should be included in further research on international Arctic governance.

  • Gunnarsson Popovic, Viktor
    Swedish Defence University.
    Who is Bosnian?: Ethnic Division in Bosnia and Herzegovina and its Implications for a National Identity2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with ethnic division in Bosnia and Herzegovina and its implications for a Bosnian collective national identity, in contrast to the ethnic identity of Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs. The 1995 Dayton Agreement paves the way for a Bosnian state where a collective national identity is based on the state’s structure and institutions. However, almost 25 years after the war, there are many challenges facing the creation of such an identity, and Bosnians are struggling to unite. The study investigates the formal and non-formal ways ethnic division is upheld, and how the division makes it difficult to agree on a collective identity. After examining the content of the Dayton Agreement, the study uses Abdelal et al.’s framework to explore examples of ethnic divisions in everyday life. The findings show that the Dayton Agreement formally institutionalizes ethnic divisions that are further enforced by politicians who use their autonomy to promote ethnic identities for their respective groups, which stand in conflict with a collective identity for all Bosnians.

  • Helte, Jesper
    Swedish Defence University.
    Osäkerhet - en förutsättning för säkerhet?: En kvalitativ studie om förståelsen för dessa begrepp i fyra fall av svenska säkerhetspolitiska åtgärder2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Jansson, Frida
    Swedish Defence University.
    Jordbruksmark byggs bort trots att risker byggs in: En analys av Örebro kommuns varseblivning och bedömning av riskerna med exploatering av jordbruksmark2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällets krisberedskap är en aktuell fråga och Sveriges livsmedelsförsörjning har pekats ut som ett viktigt område i syfte att stärka samhällets beredskap. Utifrån Agenda 2030 och livsmedelsstrategin ska Sverige arbeta för att öka livsmedelsproduktionen genom att bland annat stärka och värna om jordbruket. Jordbruksmarken är viktig för vår självförsörjning och om klimatförändringar kräver att vi odlar sådant som idag odlas på varmare breddgrader. Trots detta byggs jordbruksmarken bort. En kommun som uppmärksammats för exploatering av jordbruksmark är Örebro kommun. Kommunens senaste översiktsplan anger att närmare en tredjedel av den mark som avses bebyggas är jordbruksmark. Trots den aktuella debatten om krisberedskap och nationella initiativ till att öka Sveriges försörjningsgrad fortsätter alltså kommuners exploatering av jordbruksmark. Utifrån det empiriska fallet och tidigare forskning väcks frågan om kommuner inte uppfattar riskerna med exploatering av jordbruksmark, eller, hur exploateringen kan fortsätta trots medvetenhet om riskerna. Boin et al. redogör för barriärer som påverkar varseblivning. Författarna menar att aktörers riskuppfattning kan försvåras eller hindras av ett antal faktorer. Renn beskriver hur aktörers acceptans, tolerans eller icke-tolerans påverkar agerande. Tillsammans utgör Boins et al. idé om barriärer för varseblivning och Renns redogörelse för aktörers riskbedömning en intressant teoretisk ingång för att undersöka det empiriska fallet närmare.

    Uppsatsens syfte är att belysa hur barriärer för varseblivning och hur aktörers riskbedömning påverkar agerande, och i förlängningen hur detta kan påverka samhällets beredskap och därmed förutsättningarna för att förebygga potentiella kriser. Ämnet undersöks genom att applicera ett teoretiskt kris- och riskperspektiv om barriärer för varseblivning och om riskbedömningens påverkan på agerande. Detta undersöks genom exemplet Örebro kommun och dess varseblivning och bedömning av riskerna med bebyggelse av jordbruksmark. Uppsatsen visar att Örebros varseblivning kan ha försvårats av olika barriärer. En förändring verkar emellertid ha skett då riskerna nu har börjat diskuterats. Undersökningen tyder emellertid på att riskerna accepteras, då inga riskreducerande åtgärder har inrättats. 

  • Björk, Vilma
    Swedish Defence University.
    En konstruerad verklighet: En narrativ analys av kinesiska ambassaden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to understand China's use of soft power in Sweden. It focuses on the use of strategic narratives by the Chinese embassy in Sweden. Understanding narratives and analysing them is important because they can uncover political agendas. In order to understand how the embassy constructs an image of China, the study will explore its use of strategic narratives. The narrative analysis, conducted on texts produced by the embassy, demonstrates that there are two metanarratives being constructed: that China is harmonious, and that China is misunderstood.

  • Lundquist, Viktor
    Swedish Defence University.
    Det öppna Norden och dess högerextrema fiender: En studie av demokratisk (in)tolerans2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines four Nordic countries’ problem representations on the area of democratic tolerance against extreme right movements and ideologies, with a special focus on how these problem representations might affect the different countries’ democracy as well as future conditions for consensus and cooperation. By using a poststructural perspective and discourse analytical framework called ‘What’s the problem represented to be?’, the Swedish, Norwegian, Danish and Finish perspective on tolerance against right wing extremism is analysed and compared. The study analyses official government documents and speeches, and finds that there are several differences between the cases with regards to how they formulate extreme right movements as an existential threat against democracy, or rather as a minor challenge. Sweden to a large extent, and Finland to some extent, highlights extreme right extremism as a direct threat against democracy, and therefore opens up for regulations of fundamental democratic principles such as the freedom of association in order to combat this. Denmark and Norway are more reluctant to these kinds of measures and are rather highlighting the importance of defending the democratic principles in themselves. The result indicates that future regional cooperation between all four countries is unlikely, as they so apparently differ in how they understand and accentuates the problem of democratic tolerance against extremism.

  • Norbäck, Sara
    Swedish Defence University.
    Bland beduiner och balubas - mötet med den andre i FN:s tjänst: En komparativ studie av svenska FN-bataljoner i Kongo och Gaza år 1961-1963 och deras respektive skildringar av lokalbefolkningen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Park, Hyo Won
    Swedish Defence University.
    Crisis Management in the EU: A Study on the Variation of Institutionalisation in the EU’s Crisis Management Capacities within Public Health and Critical Infrastructure2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explain why there is a variation in the institutionalisation of the EU's transboundary crisis management capacity through understanding European integration. To exemplify this variation, it will investigate the areas of common safety concerns regarding public health and critical infrastructure which are two areas with a high and low institutionalisation of its crisis management capacities, respectively. While previous literature has studied the transboundary crisis management capacities that currently exist, few studies have aimed to study why a variation in these capacities exist across policy sectors. Using neo-neofunctionalism and an institutional framework for analysis presented by Boin, et al. (2013) as this study's theoretical framework, this thesis presents two hypotheses. Using a qualitative content analysis, this study examines the EU treaties from the Maastricht Treaty to the Lisbon Treaty, as well as official documents published by the EU, including legislative texts, press releases, communications and staff working documents. This study has found that when there are more incidents of transboundary crises within a policy area, that area will have higher levels of crisis management capacities. However, a policy area that intersects with two or more sectors will only have a higher level of crisis management capacities if there is also a higher number of transboundary crises that has affected that area.