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  • Håkansson, Calle
    Swedish Defence University.
    Svensk EU-lojalitet efter Brexit?: En innehållsanalys av regeringens och allianspartiernas inställning till EU:s försvars- och säkerhetspolitik mellan 2014-20182018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka om Storbritanniens utträde ur den Europeiska Unionen (Brexit) har förändrat inställningen till EU:s försvars- och säkerhetspolitik i den nuvarande regeringen (2014-2018) och i allianspartierna. Uppsatsen berör EU:s försvars- och säkerhetspolitik mellan 2014 till 2018 uppdelat i två perioder: oktober 2014 till juni 2016 samt juni 2016 till mars 2018.

    För att analysera om en förändring skett har Albert O. Hirschmans teoretiska koncept sorti, protest och lojalitet applicerats på det insamlade materialet. Det insamlade materialet bygger på en omfattande genomgång av propositioner, motioner, utrikesdeklarationer, skrivelser, fakta- promemorior, debattartiklar, tal samt övriga säkerhetspolitiska dokument kopplat till EU:s gemensamma försvars- och säkerhetspolitik. Som ytterligare komplement till detta material har två intervjuer med riksdagsledamöter från Socialdemokraterna och Moderaterna genomförts.

    Resultatet indikerar en tydligare svensk EU-lojalitet efter Brexit-omröstningen, där partierna mer explicit välkomnat den försvars- och säkerhetspolitiska utvecklingen inom EU. Resultatet visar att regeringen särskilt betonar sammanhållning efter Brexit-omröstningen, vilket tydligt märks i och med att regeringen framhäver det som ett nationellt intresse i den svenska säkerhetsstrategin från 2017. Från allianspartierna har särskilt Moderaterna stuckit ut, där både textmaterialet och intervjun visade en förändrad och mer positiv inställning till EU:s försvars- och säkerhetspolitik.

    Slutsatsen efter Brexit kan sammanfattas av att partierna tydligare betonar sammanhållning inom EU, är mer öppna för utökat samarbete inom EU:s försvars- och säkerhetspolitik samt är mer positiva till den samtida utvecklingen inom detta politikområde. 

  • Bodén, Kim
    Swedish Defence University.
    Förändrade förutsättningar i kampen om statliga trojaner: En studie av policyprocessen om hemlig dataavläsning 2005 – 20172018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhetspolitik och strategi.
    A brief intellectual history of geopolitical thought and its relevance to the Baltic Sea region2018In: Global Affairs, ISSN 2334-0460, E-ISSN 2334-0479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines a general history of the intellectual origins and development of geopolitical thought. It provides categories for assessing contemporary expressions of this phenomenon, and then discusses the applicability of these tools to the Baltic Sea region. The article focuses on eliciting and juxtaposing contrasts between the three classical bodies of literature that evolved largely in parallel, and ends up briefly commenting on a fourth, partly “critical” approach. The main takeaway is that considering all four geopolitical approaches before applying any of them to the Baltic Sea realm encourages analysts to embrace a more holistic and dynamic viewpoint than each of the alternatives individually can offer. Such a conceptualization promises to forge analytical linkages between a series of relevant, geographically contingent circumstances including resources, arenas and communities that represent prerequisites and opportunities incrisis, conflict, or war.

  • Jörle, Anders
    Swedish Defence University.
    Att skapa en motståndskraftig nation: Sverige bedömt genom sex upplagor av broschyren Om Kriget Kommer2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with a well-known part of Swedish government communication to the citizens and inhabitants of Sweden regarding the event of war or other external threats, the brochure “If War Arrives” first published in 1943.

    With a sixth edition named ”If War or Crisis Arrives” in May 2018 the suite of printed information has been the prime advice to the Swedes during 75 years.

    The aim of this thesis is to study:

    1. How, by which messages, the Swedish government and authorities try to strengthen the resilience of its society through the brochures?
    2. How has the messages from the Swedish state on how citizens should behave in war and crisis changed during the 75 years since the first edition.
    3. Do changes in the forming of the nation through the brochure reflect changed values in society and a changed national narrative?

    If War Arrives is part of communication that create the nation of Sweden. It must be assumed that those who produce it search a synthesis between the need to control and lead a people in endangerment and simultaneously catch the same people's self-image.

    To find answers to the questions a quantitative study of frequency of key words is performed. This is followed by a discourse analysis emphasising on the Swedish security discourse and the Swedish national discourse.

    The conclusion of the quantitative study is a surprisingly stable product with, except for one subject (description of the enemy), small changes in the messages to the citizens. Moral statements have declined but legally built requirements have increased during the six editions published.

    The discourse study show a slightly changing language concerning the demands on the citizens in case of war or other sever danger. The construction of the national narrative is more adjusted to the modern diversified society in a globalized world but nevertheless the inhabitants of the nation are responsible both for themselves as individuals and share a responsibility for the nation-state of Sweden.

    There are indications for a change in the narrative of the Swedish nation because the collective claims of expressions seemingly embraced by everybody like “our style of life” or “form of living” has changed to the phrase “… the right to live according to our own choice”. This is a rhetorical change in phrasing that suits the needs of a modern globalized nation far better.

  • Linehagen, Frida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Conforming One’s Conduct to Unwritten Rules Experiences of Female Military Personnel in a Male-Dominated Organization2018In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces have traditionally been exclusively male, and service in the cause of defending the country has until recently been the privilege of men. While the very first women entered the military 37 years ago, the military has so far failed to fully integrate women into the organization and promote gender equality. The object of this study is to probe servicewomen's meanings, identities, strategies and experiences in a male-dominated institution. For that purpose, a qualitative approach was chosen, and nine female members of the Swedish Armed Forces, from private to general, were interviewed. The rich empirical data on what it means and feels like today to serve as a female minority as part of unique culture emphasizing corporateness - on their attitudes, options, dilemmas, contradictions as well as the double binds imposed on them by the prevailing male orthodoxy - are analyzed and discussed in light of Pierre Bourdieu's theoretical concepts : cultural capital, habitus, masculine domination and symbolic violence.