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  • Rietjens, Sebastiaan
    et al.
    Netherlands Defence Academy, The Netherlands.
    Ruffa, Chiara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy. Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Understanding Coherence in UN Peacekeeping: A Conceptual Framework2019In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 383-407Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coherence is a core objective in most multinational interventions and seems of particular relevance to UN peacekeeping missions with their increasing complexity and multidimensionality. Yet, coherence has rarely been studied empirically. We borrow the concept of ‘fit’ from organizational theory and use it to develop a conceptual framework to study coherence in peacekeeping operations. Fit is the degree of match between what is required by the mandate, on the one hand, and an institutional set-up and the implemented practices, on the other. We identify three relevant dimensions of fit to study coherence: strategic and organizational, cultural and human and operational fit. Our empirical material focuses on the UN mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and in particular on the interplay between the intelligence components and the rest of the mission. We draw upon a large empirical dataset containing over 120 semi-structured interviews, field observations and participation in pre-deployment exercises and evaluation sessions. Our empirical analysis suggests that low level of fit across several dimensions leads to inertial and widespread frictions in the practice of peacekeeping and could potentially undermine peacekeeping effectiveness. Building on existing scholarship on micro-level approaches to peacekeeping, we hope to further the debate on organizational dynamics within peace operations.

  • Niclason, Philip
    Swedish Defence University. Svenska flottan.
    Gymnasiebetyget mest relevant: Att förutse kadetters studieresultat vid Officersprogrammet2015In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 21-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to compare two different systems for selection criteria for the Swedish officers’ programme. In order to compare the old and the new system, respectively, for cadet selection, the cadets’ achievements were compared to their selection criteria. The systems selection criteria were correlated to the cadets’ achievements in a correlation matrix. Subsequently, the connections were further investigated by semi-partial correlations and confidence intervals. In the study, there is evidence that indicates the previous system’s superior effectiveness compared to the new system; for example, regarding the selection of cadets likely to benefit from the programme. The selection criterion with the strongest connection to the cadet achievement was the cadets’ high school grades, which also seems to be a good indicator for predicting student achievement in civilian schools. If the Swedish Armed Forces want to enhance the study capabilities of future cadets, an advised method of achieving this would be to augment the significance of high school grades for the selection criteria.