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  • Stegmark, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University.
    Luftvärnet 2000 -2015: En del av Sveriges luftförsvar?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last two decades the Swedish armed forces have undergone a huge transformation. In 2008, when Russia invaded Georgia, Sweden found itself in a new security situation. The aim is to identify similarities and differences from a rational choice perspective at the political level, regarding the abilities of ground based air defense during the two periods 2000 – 2007 and 2008 – 2015. By using theory based on rational choice, with basis from Graham Allison´s theory regarding the rational actor, indicators are created. With the use of indicators an analysis will be conducted regarding both periods. The results will later be compared in order to identify any similarities and differences, based upon the three perspectives threat – aim – decision. The material that is used is mainly based upon the political decisions regarding the Swedish armed forces made by the Swedish government. Apart from those, reports and analysis´s from the Swedish defense committee will be used in order to seek the motive for different decisions. The results show that there is mainly no major difference regarding threats between the two periods, the aims differ slightly. The decisions though differ with abandonment of systems, and investigations regarding purchasing new ground based air defense systems. The decisions based upon the security situation seems rational, the decisions based upon threat though seems non rational.

  • Rein, Hampus Carl Gustaf
    Swedish Defence University.
    French Foreign and Security Policy Roles under François Hollande: A Role Theory Foreign Policy Analysis2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor’s thesis in Political Science, is essentially a study of contemporary French foreign and security policy ‘roles’. Drawing on a doctoral thesis by Lisbeth Aggestam (2004), it investigates French National Role Conceptions, using Foreign Policy Analysis Role Theory. It thoroughly examines the nature of foreign policy-making and, notably, it explores the notions of foreign policy ‘roles’, ‘identity’ and ‘national role conceptions’.

    The study encompasses over twenty key foreign and security policy centred allocutions delivered by the present French President, François Hollande, between the years 2012-16. Primarily, it aims at answering whether French National Role Conceptions, as conceived of by Aggestam at the turn of the millennium, are still relevant for the understanding of current French foreign and security policy and action. Aggestam’s French national ‘role-set’ therefore serves as the eminent point of reference and comparison throughout the analysis. In a broader sense, the essay also aims at investigating the ideational basis to contemporary French foreign and security policy roles. More narrowly, a special consideration has been accorded the notion of ‘Europe de la défense’ (Europe of defence), a key idea in modern French foreign and security policy.

    The principal findings of the analysis show that most of the French National Role Conceptions identified by Aggestam, continue to be relevant. On the ideational level, France’s current self-image is arguably even more intimately suffused by the notion of ‘Europe’. On the foreign and security policy area, this is reflected in the continued French aim of constructing ‘Europe de la défense’, which is central to the general understanding of the French role-set. Lastly, the investigation supports the notion that French foreign and security policy roles are nourished by a ‘realistic idealism’, as advanced by Aggestam.

  • Petter, Martinsson
    Swedish Defence University.
    From climate change to anarchy?: A study of the effects of long-term climate change on the dynamics of violent conflict in Kenya 2007-20082017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The justice system in the east-African country Kenya has long been subject to severe corruption and lengthy bureaucracy.  Both historical and current injustices have been left unattended and unaddressed, obstructing community resilience. This has lead to the development of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms that often build on traditional practices. In this study the ADR of restorative justice is examined. The study seeks to explore the relationship between the informal practice of restorative justice and the social dimensions of community resilience in the rural communities of Nakuru County in western Kenya. By merging questions on the practice of restorative justice with indicators of community resilience the study has found that the informal practice of restorative justice indeed has links to the shaping of community resilience. The practice has enabled dialogue between different ethnic groups. This has facilitated reconciliation and healing of trauma partly because new narratives have formed and partly because the culture of silence has been broken allowing people to share testimonies of violence and conflict. The study has also informed the community resilience field on the importance for collectivistic communities to have historical and ancestral events honoured, shared and addressed in order to fully enable conditions under which community resilience can form. However the practice shows ambiguous tendencies when it comes to inclusion of all members of society as community elders’ possesses a lot of power over the process, partially restricting community resilience to form. 

  • Berggrund, Ebba
    Swedish Defence University.
    “You can choose your friends, but not your neighbours”: A field study of the informal practice of restorative justice and its ties to community resilience in rural communities in Nakuru County, Kenya2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The justice system in the east-African country Kenya has long been subject to severe corruption and lengthy bureaucracy.  Both historical and current injustices have been left unattended and unaddressed, obstructing community resilience. This has lead to the development of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms that often build on traditional practices. In this study the ADR of restorative justice is examined. The study seeks to explore the relationship between the informal practice of restorative justice and the social dimensions of community resilience in the rural communities of Nakuru County in western Kenya. By merging questions on the practice of restorative justice with indicators of community resilience the study has found that the informal practice of restorative justice indeed has links to the shaping of community resilience. The practice has enabled dialogue between different ethnic groups. This has facilitated reconciliation and healing of trauma partly because new narratives have formed and partly because the culture of silence has been broken allowing people to share testimonies of violence and conflict. The study has also informed the community resilience field on the importance for collectivistic communities to have historical and ancestral events honoured, shared and addressed in order to fully enable conditions under which community resilience can form. However the practice shows ambiguous tendencies when it comes to inclusion of all members of society as community elders’ possesses a lot of power over the process, partially restricting community resilience to form. 

  • Nilsson, Jonas
    Swedish Defence University.
    När det frihetliga möter det auktoritära: Foreningen av fascism och anarki2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens undersökande studie ämnar till att skapa en förståelse till varför två till synes diametralt motsatta politiska perspektiv kan sammanstråla, via två framträdande opinionsbildare, i sitt uttalade stöd till en och samma presidentkandidat. Analysen utgår ifrån tre olika policyområden för Trumps, 2016, presidentkandidatur, och hur Richard Spencer samt Stefan Molyneux förhåller sig till dessa. Spencer är en av den amerikanska alternativa högerns förgrundsfigurer och Molyneux en politisk opinionsbildare för voluntarism och anarko-kapitalism. De båda stödjer Trumps policyinriktningar fullt ut, stödet motiveras dock olika utifrån respektives teoretiska utgångspunkt, men det finns ändå tydliga föreningspunkter som binder dem samman som ger upphov till vad som skulle kunna hänvisas som anarko-fascism. 

  • Geijer, Clara
    Swedish Defence University.
    EU Unity at the UN General Assembly: A Study of Actorness Cohesion in the First Committee2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the Actorness Cohesion (AC) of the EU’s foreign policy in the United Nations General Assembly First Committee by comparing the EU Delegation foreign policy-maker’s role conceptions to those made by the EU Member State (EU MS) Delegations on the same topic clusters. The concept of AC is developed from actorness and role theory as an ideational, constructivist measure of vertical policy coherence. AC represents the absence of ‘vertical conflicts’ between the EU and EU MS Delegation’s expressed role conceptions along four dimensions; Identity Cohesion, Goal Cohesion and Function Cohesion and Worldview Cohesion. This is studied by interpreting the role stability in the role-set; whether the contents are consistent, the EU role conception is central or whether the EU MS Delegations complement and/or are compatible to the EU role conception. Statements on topic clusters: ‘Disarmament Machinery’, ‘Conventional Weapons’ and ‘Outer Space (disarmament aspects)’ are analysed in order to determine the AC. The study concludes that whilst there is little evidence of the EU Delegation’s role conception being central to the EU MS Delegations, there is considerable consistency of contents. There are also indications of an emerging AC due to the EU MS Delegation’s role conceptions being complementary to that of the EU Delegation. The study calls for more research that will complement this plausibility-probe study and the concept of AC.

  • Eriksson, Joakim
    Swedish Defence University.
    Koherens mellan militära strategier: Är det möjligt i en föränderlig säkerhetspolitisk situation?2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    In less than 20 years the orientation in Swedish security politics changed drastically from only prioritizing their own national defense to a solidarity proclamation to the neighboring countries. This is due to the constant shifting in the international political environment. These changes also meant a major impact on the lower strategies such as the resource and operational strategy. The resource and operational strategies changes in different time perspectives. The military strategy can be changed with just one government resolution while the resource strategy takes years to change. The purpose of the essay is to examine how the coherence between those two strategies looked when they constantly have to adjust to the changing international political environment.

    The result of the analysis shows that during the current time for each strategy there were in fact sufficiently satisfactory coherence between the resource and the operational strategies. This is due to the very specific international political environment that were during each time period.

  • Ted, Kullbrandt Tolestam
    Swedish Defence University.
    Samstämmighet eller kommunikationsmiss?: en studie av svensk militär anpassning kring millennieskiftet2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the period 1990–2013 the Swedish Armed Forces made a number of organisational and material changes. This raises the question of whether these changes also led to tactical adaptations, and if so, if there is a correlation between those adopted in higher and lower levels of field manuals. The purpose of this thesis is to study adaptations in field manuals of Swedish army tactics during 1990–2013. The study also aims to investigate the level of correlation between lower and higher level field manuals. Marcus’ and Farrell’s research on military adaptation and bottom-up change sets the thesis’s theoretical framework. The method used includes a comparative and qualitative text analysis. The study’s result indicates that adaptations in Swedish field manuals show a tendency to decrease the role of artillery support, and increase the role of offensive operations. The results also show a correlation between adaptations made in higher and lower levels of field manuals. The results cannot establish a causal link between the adaptations identified and Marcus’ and Farrell’s research, they do however correlate with their theories. This thesis recommends further studies of the reasons behind the adaptations regarding the use of artillery, as well as the reasons behind the adaptations identified.

     

  • Johansson, Daniel
    Swedish Defence University.
    Kan dagens teorier för upprorsbekämpning tillämpas vid studier av historiska konflikter?: En kvalitativ studie av David Kilcullens teorier om upprorsbekämpning.  2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Uprising and insurgency has always been present during history. Military theorists have been studying various uprisings during history in order to develop solutions how to counter uprisings and insurgency. Current theories involving counter-insurgency are in some way influenced by on-going conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. With the possibility of being type casted, the theories of David Kilcullen is based on US experiences from Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom and form the basic foundation of numerous national strategies when it comes to counter-insurgency and policy-making. 

    The purpose of this study is to assess in what way Kilcullen´s theories are without causality and in what way they are timeless as the theory form the basis of several nations modern counter-insurgency strategies. The study has been done by appliqueing Kilcullen´s theories on the actions taken by Gustav Vasa during the Dacke War. 

    The result shows great deviation when it comes to the amount of violence being used.  It is not possible to confirm Kilcullen´s theories being applicable studying a historical uprising characterised by great violence. The study does on the other hand show acts of non-violent actions taken by Gustav Vasa that correlates with the theories of David Kilcullen. 

    As a result the study shows evidence of causality and the theories seemingly being a result of the present situation. Therefore the Kilcullen theories can not be seen as timeless.

  • Abrahamsson, Zarah
    Swedish Defence University.
    Mind the gap!: The decision making gap between the Security Council and the Troop Contributing Countries; when "all necessary means" is not enough2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     This two part thesis investigates the lack of definition of the wording “all necessary means” and how it ultimately impacts a decision making gap between the Security Council and the troop contributing countries regarding the use of force in UN peace operations. The assumptions are based on Reus-Smit’s constructivist theory, emphasizing that both politics and international law needs to be studied with a holistic approach in order to understand how the two realms shape each other. The assumption of this thesis is that “all necessary means” is not providing enough guidance to constrain the TCCs to behave as sovereign, equal actors in an anarchical structure. The second part of the thesis is a within-case-study of MONUC/MONUSCO, and the Security Council resolution 2098 that established the Force Intervention Brigade.

     

  • Andersson, Emmelie
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Asp, Viktoria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Arnevall, Linnéa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Blomstrand, Rickard
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Deschamps-Berger, Jenny
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Ericson, Marika
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies.
    Palmgren, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies.
    Sandberg, Daniel
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Förutsättningar för krisberedskap och totalförsvar i Sverige2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport beskriver utvecklingen av totalförsvaret och framväxten av området samhällsskydd och beredskap. Den ska ge en övergripande bild av hur det ser ut idag på lokal, regional och nationell nivå inom krisberedskap och totalförsvar. Det bör nämnas att rapporten främst fokuserar på utvecklingen av och förändringar i den civila delen i totalförsvaret samt på samhällsskydd och beredskap.

    Syftet är att ge läsaren en förståelse för dagens krisberedskap och totalförsvar. För att få en uppfattning för varför vi befinner oss där vi är idag, är det av vikt att ha med sig en bild av historiska händelser, förändrade hotbilder och av de beslut (och ickebeslut) som fattats.

    Författarna vill betona att rapporten ingalunda ger en komplett bild av krisberedskap eller totalförsvar, utan är tänkt att skapa intresse, kunskap och förståelse på ett övergripande plan.

    Rapporten ska främst ses som ett stöd för högskolestudenter, beslutsfattare och handläggare genom att ge en översiktlig beskrivning över de system och funktioner som utgör svensk krisberedskap och totalförsvar. Rapporten kan läsas i sin helhet, men kan också användas som ett slags uppslagsverk för den läsare som är intresserad av en särskild tidsperiod, händelse eller ett beslut.