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  • Furtenbach, Börje
    Militärhistoriska avdelningen(MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från lmilitärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19641964Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Börje Furtenbach, Fredrik Löwenhielm, Från försvarsstabens första 25 år, Utredningar och förslag  före 1930 till utbrottet av andra världskriget, Andra världskriget, Tiden efter 1945, Börje Furtenbach, Sverige-Norges krigsmakt 1864, Till frågan om orsakerna till den politiska skandinavismens sammanbrott, Manskapets höga medelålder, Brist på utbildning, Brist på adekvat utrustning, Herman Müllern, Bismarck och de svenska krigsfångarna 1864, Frivilliga officerare, Strövkåren, Lars Tersmeden, Karl X Gustav, Pfalzgreven Filip av Sulzbach och slaget om Fyn 1659, Börje Furtenbach, Internordiskt  militärhistoriskt samarbete

  • Furtenbach, Börje
    Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19631963Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Börje Furtenbach, Den militärhistoriska verksamhetens organisation, Varför var en omorganisation nödvändig, Den nuvarande organisationen, Synpunkter på verksamhetens fortsatta bedrivande, Herman Müllern, Tyskt anfall mot Jämtland och Härjedalen 1943, General von Schells studie, Analys av den tyska studien, Anfallsdivisionernas förberedelser, Rykten om en allierad invasion i Norge, Granskning av anfallsplanen, Lars Tersmeden, Stormen för Köpenhamn, Planen för det svenska anfallet natten till den 11 februari 1659 och orsakerna till dess misslyckande, Köpenhamns försvar, Händelseförloppet, Litteraturen, Källorna, Analys, Orsaken till misslyckandet, Carl G Strandman, Ny Militär litteratur om andra världskriget, Bibliografiska arbeten, Sammanfattande arbeten om hela kriget, Krigsskådeplatser och fälttåg, Specialarbeten, Systematisk innehållsförteckning för åren1953-1962

  • Furtenbach, Börje
    Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarfsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från försvarsstabens krigshistoriska avdelning 19621962Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Börje Furtenbach, Herman Müllern, Vi var beredda, En studie över den svenska beredskapen inför ett eventuellt tyskt anfall över västgränsen sommaren 1943, Walter Warlimonts kommentarer, Polarfuchs, von Schells operationsstudie, Svenska högkvarterets uppfattning om läget i Norge, Gränsförsvaret i Värmland och Dalarna, Skölden, Svärdet, Olavi Lyytinen, Finlands sjöstridskrafter under vinterkriget 1939-1940 och fortsättningskriget 1941-1944, Bearbetning av artiklar av P Worobjev och P Sorokin, Ryska landstigningsoperationer under andra världskriget, Leningradfronten, Oranienbaum, Ishavsområdet, Petsamo, Tuloksäoperationen, Moonsundet, Odessa, Kertj-Feodosija, Novorossijsk, Albin Widén, Fregatten Vanadis världsomsegling, Med utdrag ur Prins Oscar Bernadottes dagböcker, Befäl, båt och besättning, Militära övningar, Konsulatinspektion och kommersiella syften, Vetenskaplig forskning

  • Furtenbach, Börje
    Militärhistoriska avdelnigen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt.: Meddelanden från försvarsstabens krighshistoriska avdelning 19611961Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Börje Furtenbach, Generalmötet vid Riksgränsen den 21 maj 1940, ”Giv akt”, Olof Thörnell, Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, Bruno von Uthmann, Mellanrikstrafiken Trondhjem-Storlien, Rolf Torstendahl, Svensk krigsförsörjning och underhållstjänst i Danmark 1657-1660, Organisationen, Regementenas avlöningsbestämmelser, Stabernas avlöningsförhållanden, Betalningsåtaganden för värvning och rekrytering, Krigsskatter och fasta utgifter, Magasin, Försörjningsläget 1657-58, Beslutsmyndighetens centralisering, P Savatejev, Över oceanerna, Sovjetryska ishavsflottan, Från Vladivostok till Poljarnoe, Carl G Strandman, Litteraturen om andra världskriget, Bibliografiska arbeten, Sammanfattande arbeten, Krigsskådeplatser och fälttåg, Specialarbeten

  • Furtenbach, Börje
    Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från försvarsstabens krigshistoriska avdelning 19581958Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Börje Furtenbach, Svenska frivilligförband, Skandinaviska kåren i boerkriget, Svenska brigaden i Finlands frihetskrig, Vilnadetachementet, Saarbataljonen, Spanienfrivilliga, Svenska frivilligkåren, Hangöbataljonen, Svirkompaniet, Norgebataljonen, Jonas Hedberg, Artilleriregementet inför Carl X Gustavs polska krig, I Garnison, Krigindustri, Materiel, Beklänad och beväpning, I fält, Stallstat, J E Olow, Om det sovjetryska ubåtskriget i Östersjön 1939-1945, Olle Törnblom, Suezkriget 1956, En studie om samspelet mellan de politiska och militära instanserna på anfallsidan, kanalkonferensen, Anthony Eden, John Foster dulles, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Christian Pineau, Hugh Gaitskell, Ben Gurion

  • Furtenbach, Börje
    Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från försvarsstabens krigshistoriska avdelning 1959-601959Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Börje Furtenbach, Sveriges militära resurser hösten 1939, Högsta ledningen, Materialläget, Utbildningsläget, Arméns krigsorganisation, Marinen, Flygvapnet, Herman Müllern, De allierades misslyckade ingripande i Norge, Planer före 9 april, Stratford, Avonmouth, Plymouth, Efter den 9 april, Rupert, Maurice, Hammer, Sickle, Slutspel i Narik, Allan Kroon, En kustoperation under andra världskriget, Utbrytning genom kanalen i februari 1942, Förspel och planläggning på tysk sida, Bedömande och förberedande åtgärder på brittisk sida, Cerberus, Fuller, Ernst Bergman, Flottan och operation Själland 1658, Flottdispositioner sommaren och hösten 1657, Flottan anno 1658, Sjörustningarna, Sperlings sjöexpedition, Invasionsflottan,

  • Furtenbach, Börje
    Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från försvarsstabens krigshistoriska avdelning 19571957Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arne Stade, natten för natten före tåget över Bält, Carl X Gustav, Erik Dahlberg, Arensstorffs relation, Krigsrelationen, Nils Kindberg, Det svenska frivilligflyget i Finland 1940, F 19, Kemi, K J Mikola Strategisk defensiv i Finlands krig 1941-1945, Fortsättnigskriget, Maaselkänäset, Karelska näset, Aunusnäset, Herman Müllern, Birke-Nordlicht, Den tyska Lapplandsarméns återtågsoperationer i norra Finland och Nordnorge vintern 1944-1945, Heersgruppe Nord, Lapplandsarmén, Murmanbanan, Kirkenes, Salla, Kemi, Petsamo

  • Wahlström, Oskar
    Swedish Defence University.
    Luftmakt i humanitära interventioner: en prövning av Wardens teori2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Air power has shown its usefulness throughout many wars and has been an effective tool for military interventions during the last decades. How airpower should be applied has been a highly debated topic for as long as it has been around. However, its use in humanitarian interventions is comparatively unresearched. One theorist that have received a lot of attention is John Warden and his five-ring-model.

    The purpose of this thesis is to test Wardens theory in humanitarian interventions, in order to contribute with research on the use of airpower in humanitarian interventions. This thesis is a comparative case study examining two similar and successful humanitarian interventions, Operation Deliberate Force and Operation Odyssey Dawn/Unified Protector.

    Results show that Wardens theory can not explain the success of the use of airpower in the operations. There are however some interesting similarities between the two operations that could be the key to success in humanitarian interventions. Further research is required to investigate this conclusion.

  • Ljuslin, Linda
    Swedish Defence University.
    The temporal scope of Unwilling or Unable: a case study on Syria2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this paper is to analyze the temporal scope of the doctrine of Unwilling or Unable and focus on when the right to use force in self-defense ends. According to the doctrine a State has a right to use force in self-defense towards a non-state actor on another States territory, if the harboring state is Unwilling or Unable to suppress the non-state actor. This paper will first analyze which factors governs the right to use force in self-defense according to the Unwilling or Unable doctrine and secondly the findings will be applied to the situation in Syria, where the United States are using force in collective self-defense on Iraq’s request, towards ISIL. The conflict will be analyzed in three different time periods, 2014, 2016 and 2018 to identify for how long the United States has a right to use force in self-defense in Syria. The conclusion in this paper is that in 2014 and 2016 the United States has a right to use force in self-defense towards ISIL on Syria’s territory according to the doctrine, but in 2018 the circumstances has changed and the United States’ right to use force in self-defense in Syria has ended.

  • Malmborg, Karolina
    Swedish Defence University.
    Potentiella ledarskapsutmaningar ur ett moraliskt stressperspektiv vid implementering av autonoma vapensystem: Krav och påverkan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to gain a greater understanding of potential challenges from a moral stress perspective that Swedish military leaders can face when implementing autonomous weapons systems. Two questions were asked to investigate this: what demands may arise and how can leaders be impacted?

    The study was conducted as a literature study and data from nine peer reviewed articles and a research report from the Swedish Defense Research Institute were analyzed via thematic analysis. The result seems to show that the lack of control, the lack of trust and difficulty in demanding responsibility from an autonomous weapon system creates moral leadership challenges. Without control over the autonomous weapon system, the consequences of its actions risk going against the leader's moral and this creates problems with how leadership can and should be conducted. The study also seems to show that autonomous weapon systems can lead to a moral impact on leaders, since autonomous weapon systems risk leading to increased distancing and risking contributing to increased violence. Given the moral leadership challenges and the moral influence made visible in this study, there seems to be a great risk of moral stress and even moral injury if autonomous weapon systems are used for actions that go against the leader's morality.

  • Lewenhaupt, Ida
    Swedish Defence University.
    ”Ett hån mot rättsstatens principer”: En fallstudie om identitet, säkerhet och grader av medborgarskap i Danmark2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aims to explain why Denmark, despite being a liberal democracy, resorts to drastic solutions causing different degrees of citizenship amongst its citizens. Existing literature can’t explain why such drastic methods, leading to juridical differences among citizens, are being used towards citizens in liberal democracies who can’t objectively be perceived as traditional threats to national security. Using literature regarding ontological security and the Copenhagen School’s Securitization Theory this thesis observes security as a matter of identity and being rather than survival. Combining methods of process-tracing and discourse analysis this study examines the portrayal of the citizens in the so-called “ghetto” both in the prime ministers' new years speeches ranging from 1994 to 2018 and in the proposals with actions regarding the “ghettos”. The study has found that the citizens of the “ghetto” are perceived and portrayed as different from the regular Danish citizen and therefore it is possible to perceive and portray them as a threat to the Danish identity and society. Since the “ghetto” is perceived as a threat to Danish identity all actions become legitimate due to the fact that if nothing is done Denmark is not believed to remain Danish.

  • Aste, Sofie
    Swedish Defence University.
    Alla vägar bär till Peking: Om Belt and Road Initiative och dess förutsättningar att utvecklas till en säkerhetsgemenskap2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the Chinese mega-project Belt and Road Initiative and investigates whether itis possible that it could have a positive impact on regional peace. Previous research, as well as thetwo major IR-theories realism and liberalism, have assumed the project will lead to more tensionand even increase the likelihood of war in the future. According to the constructivist securitycommunity theory this does not have to be the case. By applying Adler and Barnett's rendition ofDeutsch classical theory to the case of BRI through a literary analysis the possibility of a peacefuloutcome is investigated. The analysis concludes that at the moment of writing BRI does not live upto the criteria necessary to be classified as a nascent security community. However, three of the fourindicators, establishing of multinational institutions, coordination of inter-state relationships and acore power leading the integration are fulfilled. Only when it comes to expression of sameness inpolitical, cultural, ideological or social areas is BRI lacking. If more focus is placed on cultivating acommon identity, the possibility of BRI developing into a security community can not be ruled out.

  • Solomon, Deborah
    Swedish Defence University.
    We Want to Be in the Room Where it Happens: Challenges for Women's Representation in the Zambian Parliament2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores the cultural and socio-economic barriers for women’s political representation in Zambian politics as well as the importance of women’s representation for their human security. Due to a Western focus on earlier research, a developing country was chosen in order to investigate any differing perspectives that would emerge. The guiding research problem was why Zambia despite being relatively stable and peaceful still ranked lower in gender equality indexes when compared to their more unstable neighbours.A theoretical model outlined by Nadezhda Shvedova was used to formulate interview questions. The main material used for the study was semi-structured interviews conducted with members of the National Assembly in Lusaka Zambia as part of a Minor Field Study. The results allowed for an expansion of Shvedova’s model with one more category. The main conclusion reached is that all barriers outlined in Shvedova’s model were present in Zambia but that there is a slow but constant progress in eliminating these barriers mainly through political will and representation of women in politics. Suggested continuations of the study are to do a comparative study with a country in the region as well as conducting non-elite interviews and surveys outside the capital city Lusaka.

  • Rupp, Vendela
    Swedish Defence University.
    Fall in Line or Fall Behind?: Cooperation in cyberspace between the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and the European Union.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the relationship between the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and the European Union in cyberspace. The two organisations have differing approaches to combat threats from cyberspace but are continuously deepening their cooperative efforts. The former is arguably militarising the domain and is less inclined to share information with outside parties, while the latter is more willing in this respect but is struggling to balance a free and open Internet with a secure one. NATO’s focus on cyber defence and the EU’s focus on cyber security is connected to the organisations’ different identities as security actors. The difference is identifiable in the Joint Declaration on EU-NATO Cooperation established in 2016. While cyber defence and cyber security are notable in texts, it is yet to be determined how the respective organisations’ differing focus impacts their cooperation in cyberspace. The purpose of this study is thus to investigate the continuation of the Joint-Declaration given NATO and the EU’s different frameworks to combat cyberthreats. The study will use Michel Foucault’s Security Dispositive theory by looking at normalising discourses within the organisations’ respective agendas influenced by various cyberattacks in the 21st century. NATO focuses on developing offensive as well as defensive cyber capabilities while the EU primarily presents a more passive strategy. Considering the Alliance’s ability to set demands on partner actors, results suggested that the Joint Declaration is able to continue if the EU falls in line with the precedent set by NATO as the organisation continues to expand its militarising discourse of cyberspace.

  • Speks, Amanda
    Swedish Defence University.
    The import(ance) of conflict minerals: An ideal type analysis of the EU’s regulation on conflict minerals2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to determine to what extent the European Union (EU) functions as a market power in the case of conflict mineral regulation. Previous research by Partzsch has shown that the EU response to conflict minerals only somewhat qualifies for the EU to be seen as a normative power. There appears to be a clash between the norms of sustainable development and economic development, which could explain why the EU does not fully qualify as a normative power. Another theoretical framework has thus been chosen to explain the EU’s function in the case of conflict minerals. This theoretical framework is Market Power Europe (MPE) by Damro, which does not look to the collective norms of the EU, but rather on the market-related policies that the Union uses to influence other actors. With the use of an ideal type analysis of EU policy and official documents, this study found that the case fills the criteria to function as a market power in the case of conflict minerals. 

  • Vamstad, Alice
    Swedish Defence University.
    Klimatflyktingar i den rödgröna politiken: En analys av varför de försvann2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Åhström, Johan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Engagemang, motivation, handlingskraft: En fallstudie av samverkan mellan Länsstyrelsen och Försvarsmakten under skogbränderna i Gävleborgs län 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis considers conditions for collaboration between two actors during the extensive fire-fighting effort in the Gävleborg region (Sweden) in summer 2018. The main purpose of the study is to explore how Länsstyrelsen and Försvarsmakten respectively identify the conditions for collaboration, and to what extent this image responds to a defined ideal type of collaboration. Material is collected through interviews with professionals from Länsstyrelsen Gävleborg and Försvarsmakten, and the responses are analysed through selected parts of the theoretical framework presented in the model An Integrative Framework for Collaborative Governance, which as a sub-purpose of this thesis is applied, as well as evaluated in relation to, a case study of crisis management. The results of the study indicate that the conditions for successful collaboration between Länsstyrelsen and Försvarsmakten are perceived as mainly positive: The desire to collaborate and cooperate is by both actors expressed as high, trust between the actors is mutually defined as strong, and respective actor identifies and recognises the other’s contribution of valuable resources to the collected effort. However, the analysis also shows that there is room for improvement within the working processes in samverkansstaben, as well as within the actors’ communication. The evaluation of the application of the theoretical framework indicates conceivable difficulties in distinguishing between the model’s terms and elements, as well as their varying potential operationalization, yet it confirms that the theoretical framework is to a high degree applicable to this case study of crisis management.

  • Höggren, Anna
    Swedish Defence University.
    Klimatförändringar på dagordningen?: En kvalitativ studie om klimat & säkerhet i FN:s säkerhetsråd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    FN:s säkerhetsråd har en viktig funktion för samhällsskydd och beredskap på en global nivå. En utmaning för säkerhetsrådet handlar om att världen ständigt förändras, vilket sätter press på rådets förmåga att anpassa sig. Under de senaste åren har klimatförändringarna fått ett allt större fokus inom forskning och politik. Frågan om huruvida klimat bör ses som ett säkerhetshot är dock fortfarande omdebatterad. Syftet med den föreliggande studien har varit att klargöra hur debatten om klimatförändringarna ser ut på säkerhetsrådets dagordning. Materialet har bestått av mötesprotokoll som anförts i samband med klimatrelaterade diskussioner i rådet. Dessa har granskats genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys med stöd av Hinnfors teori om argumentationsstrategier. Analysen kunde identifiera argument som använts för att ta upp klimat på dagordningen samt lyfta bort ämnet från dagordningen. Studien placerade därmed medlemsländernas representanter i rollen som aktörer för att kunna förhindra eller sätta ett ämne på dagordningen. Studien kunde slutligen konstatera att det förekom delade meningar om huruvida klimatförändringar skulle inkluderas till rådets dagordning. Ett motargument handlade om att klimatfrågan tog fokus från ”riktiga problem”  och att ämnet riskerade att urvattna säkerhetsbegreppet.

  • Palmcrantz, Conrad
    Swedish Defence University.
    When we see something that is well beyond our understanding: The duty of States to investigate war crimes and how it applies to autonomous weapons systems2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses States’ duty to investigate grave breaches of humanitarian law and how it applies to deep reinforcement learning autonomous weapons. It identifies basic technologic intricacies related to deep reinforcement learning and discusses what issues may arise if such software is used in weapons systems. The thesis applies a legal doctrinal method to study how the technology could frustrate the grave breaches regime and hamper States’ ability to investigate suspected incidents. Furthermore, investigative standards under humanitarian law and human rights law are examined in the context of autonomous weapons systems.  The main argument is that deep reinforcement learning algorithms create a black box that is virtually impossible to investigate and consequently causes accountability issues. 

  • Ljusteräng, Johannes
    Swedish Defence University.
    Ryssland: neutral, allierad, radikal: En studie om identitetskonstruktioner av Ryssland och ontologisk (o)säkerhet i svenska försvarspropositioner sedan kalla krigets slut2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate the significance of identity as a driving force behind Swedish security policy change. By studying social identity constructions of Russia in Swedish defence propositions from 1992, 2004 and 2015, the thesis concludes that these constructions might have resulted in shifts in Swedish security policy. The thesis uses discourse analysis to examine how Russia was socially constructed as 'difference' in the propositions. Drawing on self/other theories in IR, the study concludes that Russia was constructed in more or less antagonistic forms of ‘otherness’/’difference’ in the different propositions. In 1992, Russia was constructed as a neutral other and a temporally radical other. In 2004, Russia was constructed as a connected other. In 2015, Russia was constructed as a radical other, mostly due to the Russian aggression against and annexation of Crimea. Moreover the article concludes, through a qualitative content analysis, that these perceptions of Russia may have generated ontological (in)security for Swedish political identity. Drawing on Mitzen (2006) and others, the thesis demonstrates that ontological (in)security may have been a driving force behind security policy change. This thesis argues that the search for ontological security may have resulted in European integration for Sweden in 1992, expanded cooperation with Russia in 2004 and a proposition on a strengthened defence capability in 2015. In relation to existing research on Swedish security policy change, this thesis highlights the importance of identity and perceptions of 'others' as a driving force behind security policy change.

  • Stenström, Emilia
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vad motiverar, trygghet eller äventyr?: En kvantitativ studie som jämför pliktade och frivilliga rekryter i motiverande drivkrafter och synen på ledarskap2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2018, the duty system was partly reestablished in Sweden, which meant that we left a professional defense that we had had because of peacetime. The voluntary defense had some problems with the "lost" of people both during the basic education because of the possibility of drop-off but also after the basic education. The fact that volunteers did not have the same interest in a continuing professional career has drawn attention in the previous research and with a duty defense that also has voluntarily seeking recruits, the comparison between the groups was the basis of the problem that perhaps there is a difference between obliged and voluntary recruits in the motivation for continued career in the Armed Forces that can be influenced by the commanders' leadership.

    The theories used to compare the motivation are based on Fabrizio Battistelli's (1997) theory which maps whether the respondents have paleomodern drivers of modern driving forces or postmodern driving forces. To compare the view of leadership, theories were used by Gerry Larsson as Developing Leadership, Conventional Leadership and Destructive Leadership.

    The result between the obliged recruits and the volunteer recruits showed that they were motivated by similar reasons and also had similar views on leadership. The similar perceptions resulted in the differences seen in the result being not statistically significant, but the recruits were motivated most by the self-realizing driving forces both at the beginning of the basic education and three months later. The result for the perception of leadership showed that most believed that the command used a conventional leadership. The fact that the recruits perceived that the commanders were conducting a conventional negative leadership should be recognized, as this can lead to destructive leadership which in turn can lead to more departures. The consequences of negative leadership have an impact both in the short and long term, and according to previous research, the leaders have a great responsibility for the possibility of influencing the recruits through their leadership.

  • Kingstedt, John
    Swedish Defence University.
    Medborgares förväntningar på ledare i tid av krig: fokusgruppstudie på broschyren "Om krisen eller kriget kommer"2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie granskar vilka krav medborgare ställer på sina samhällsledare i tid av krig. Syftet var att kartlägga vilka personliga kvalitéer medborgare ansåg vara viktigast för att ledare skulle kunna hantera en krigssituation, samt hur man önskade att ledare skulle agera om det blev krig. Broschyren ”om krisen eller kriget kommer” stod som förlaga. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats och data samlades genom tre separata fokusgruppsintervjuer med totalt 32 deltagare i Stockholm, Karlstad och Skövde. Resultaten pekade på att det är främst kommunikativa kvalitéer och proaktivt agerande som deltagarna efterfrågar. Att vara en stark ledare var en central definiering för att kunna hantera krig, slutsatsen blev dock att det finns många olika komponenter i det starka ledarskapet.

  • Prudnyk, Iuliia
    Swedish Defence University.
    “Injection of war”: disentangling the Donbas war. A case study informed by Actor-Network Theory2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis presents an empirical investigation of hybrid war in eastern Ukraine, drawing on the insights from Actor- Network Theory and New Type Wars theory. Taking a different route in studying a complex phenomenon of hybrid war, this study focuses on the social-material networks which constitute the hybrid war. This thesis aims to identify the actors and analyse their interactions at different stages of war. Actor-Network Theory will be used in this research to ask the questions, what role do the non-human actors play in hybrid warfare in eastern Ukraine, and how do they affect the dynamics of war. Highlighting the significance of non-human actors, this thesis aims to contribute to the existing literature on hybrid warfare in eastern Ukraine and thus shed light on the peculiarities of this phenomenon.